21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World

LEARNING ACTIVITY 1

 

"A big blue house, with a well-kept rose garden," is an example of a:

Select one:

a. Setting as Place CORRECT

b. Effects of Setting

c. Setting as Cultural Context (Condition)

d. Setting as Time

This Manobo/Ilianon tale tells the adventures of a hero and his people, and their journey to Nalandangan.

Select one:

a. Biag ni Lam-ang

b. The Agyu CORRECT

c. Aliguyon

d. Labaw-Donggon

 

The "Treaty of Paris" between Spain and the United States ceded the Philippines to US for how much?

Select one:

a. $2,000,000

b. $200,000,000

c. $20,000,000 CORRECT

d. $30,000,000

 

Dubbed as the Great Propagandist, he was known for being a master in the use of his native language, Tagalog.

Select one:

a. Marcelo H. Del Pilar CORRECT

b. Graciano Lopez-Jaena

c. Mariano Ponce

d. Jose P. Rizal

 

The writers in Spanish were accustomed to write literary works that have themes of nationalism because they want to honor Jose Rizal.

Select one:

True CORRECT

False

 

Jose Corazon de Jesus began a famous column in Taliba called _____

Select one:

a. Buhay Filipino

b. Buhay Maynila CORRECT

c. Buhay Pilipinas

d. Buhay Manileno

 

In Marcelo h. Del Pilar's Dasalan at Tocsohan, which of the following is said to be the Fifth Commandment of the Spanish Friars?

Select one:

a. "Manalangin ka sa Prayle Linggo man at piyesta."

b. "Huwag kang makinakaw."

c. "Huwag kang mamamatay kung wala pang salaping panlibing." CORRECT

d. "Sambahin mo ang Payle lalo na sa lahat."

 

It is easy to interpret poems.

Select one:

True

False CORRECT

A traditional depiction of the events before and after Jesus Christ was crucified.

Select one:

a. Sarsuela

b. Duplo

c. Moro-moro

d. Senakulo CORRECT

 

The following are known as Poets of the Heart (Makata ng Puso) except one:

The correct answer is: Aurelio Tolentino

 

He was a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Literature.

The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

 

He was recognized in the Hispanic world as the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish."

The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

 

It is a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas.

Jose Corazon de Jesus was most notable for writing which poem?
a: BAYAN KO

The correct answer is: Ballad

 

In a drama, the plot encompasses all the incidents and provides aesthetic pleasure.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

The following are Bathala's daughters to a mortal woman except:

The correct answer is: Mayari

 

It is the emotional high point of the story. It is also the most exciting part.

The correct answer is: Climax

 

Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?

The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father

 

It is an example of an epic poem which tells the story of Jesus Christ's life, trials, and sufferings, and is sung during Holy Week.

The correct answer is: Pasyon

 

The Tagalog god of the sea, originally the god of the hunters.

The correct answer is: Amanikable

 

A short piece of fiction that is a "bite size" version of a novel.

The correct answer is: Short Story

 

A mystifying, misleading or puzzling question posed as a problem to be solved or guessed.

The correct answer is: Riddle

 

It is an artistic piece of philosophical, personal, imaginative or inspirational nature that is laid out in lines.

The correct answer is: Poetry

 

The following are means for an alipin to become a freeman EXCEPT:

The correct answer is: Getting captured in war

 

Doctrina Cristiana was the first religious book published in the Philippines on July 15, 1593.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

It is an allegory with moral or religious bent.

- parable

 

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.

The correct answer is: Ines Cannoyan

 

It was the first novel written in Spanish by a Filipino, which revolves around the misery of a woman who died of cholera.

The correct answer is: Ninay

 

Most English newspapers were ordered to stop its operations during the Japanese regime.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

It is simply defined as a product of one's imaginative mind. It can be a drama, short story, novel, myth, folktale, and poetry.

The correct answer is: Fictional Literature

 

The author who was known as the "comma poet," introducing a unique style of poetry.

The correct answer is: Jose Garcia Villa

 

The correct answer is: Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?

The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father

 

In the story of Malakas and Maganda, the children who ran away from their father and ran outside became the Alipin.

The correct answer is: 'False'

 

___ is a long narrative poem, telling heroic deeds or events.

The correct answer is: Epic

 

Not every poem has a speaker.

The correct answer is: 'False'

 

The Japanese encouraged nationalism, or the love for one's motherland.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

These are short poems which express the personal thoughts or emotions of the poet.

The correct answer is: Lyric poems

 

Jose Garcia Villa's Bayan Ko was set to music by Constancio de Guzman and became a popular song during the Marcos dictatorship.

The correct answer is: 'False'

 

He wrote "Banaag at Sikat" which was renowned for its depiction of certain issues of socialism and capitalism.

The correct answer is: Lope K. Santos

 

It is a story about animals that possess human traits.

The correct answer is: 'Fable'

 

____ is a famous comedy play written by Francisco

 "Soc" Rodrigo that portrays people's weaknesses.

The correct answer is: Sa Pula, Sa Puti

 

"The future looks fantastic, what with the flying cars and modern technology." This is an example of a:

The correct answer is: 'Setting as Time'

 

Claro M. Recto wrote for La Vanguardia under what penname?

The correct answer is: 'Aristeo Hilario'

 

Jose Garcia Villa won P1,000 from the Philippines Free Press, which he used to migrate to the United States and enroll at University of Mexico.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

This was deemed as the first novel ever written in the Philippines.

The correct answer is: Barlaan at Josaphat

 

A novel that dwells on the arrogance of the friars, revealing the dire consequences tied to the marriage between the Spanish and Filipinos.

The correct answer is: La Hija Del Fraile

 

In a story, it is the verbal representation of a human being.

The correct answer is: Character

 

The American regime enforced free public education.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

"Aso

Mataas sa pag-upo,

Mababa 'pag tumayo.

Kaibigan kong ginto,

Karamay at kalaro."

The poem above is an example of:

The correct answer is: Tanaga

 

A poem in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word, which is usually the subject of the poem.

The correct answer is: Acrostic poem

 

A series of fairy tale stories told by an old woman who kept a loadful of stories in her ancient baul.

The correct answer is: Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang

 

A rhetorical device, a witty, ingenious, or pointed saying that is tersely expressed.

The correct answer is: epigram

 

The American Period had influenced the Philippine Literature.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

The writing system used by the Filipinos before the Spanish colonization.

The correct answer is: Baybayin

 

The term ___ refers to the social class consisting of freemen.

The correct answer is: timawa

 

Carlos P. Romulo has four bestselling works that led him to bagging the Pulitzer Prize.

The correct answer is: 'False'

 

Which of the following is not one of the bestselling works of Carlos P. Romulo?

The correct answer is: The Lost Ones

 

He is the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish," in the Hispanic world.

The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol

 

One of the writers in the Spanish era under the name Dimas-Ilaw and Pingkian who wrote "Ang Liwanag at Dilim" that became the code of revolution.

The correct answer is: Emilio Jacinto

 

The goddess of love, conception and childbirth for the Tagalogs.

The correct answer is: Diyan Masalanta

 

The following are works by Jesus Balmori EXCEPT:

The correct answer is: Mi Patria

 

Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.

The correct answer is: 'True'

 

It is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.

The correct answer is: Rhyme

 

He came up with a poetry compilation called Crisalidas in 1914.

Select one:

a. Jose Corazon de Jesus

b. Fernando Ma. Guerrero  CORRECT

c. Cecilio Apostol

d. Jose Garcia Villa

 

The Tagalogs believe in the supreme deity called __.

Select one:

a. Christ

b. Amanikable

c. Bathala CORRECT

d. Apolaki

 

The American colonization over the Philippines began in 1898 and 1941.

-false

 

Batikuling" was a penname used by which Filipino poet?

- Jesus Balmori

 

 

____ is the play written by Jose Ma. Hernandez about a blacksmith from Pampanga who was the first Filipino who made a cannon.

- Panday Pira

 

Severino Reyes's Ang Kalupi was first performed at the Teatro Zorilla in 1902

-True

 

It is the repetition of vowel sounds.

- Assonance

 

The following are pen names of Mariano Ponce, except:

- Taga-Ilog

 

Some of this hero's notable literary works are "El Verdadero Decalogo" (The True Decalogue or Ten Commandments, and "Sa Bayang Pilipino" (To the Filipino nation).

- Apolinario Mabini

 

The goddess of the moon and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.

-Mayari

 

There are a few Spanish words integrated to our own language

-True

 

Biag ni Lam-ang is one of the great epics that are able to survive with the help of oral transmission.

- Fernando Ma. Guerrero

 

The writing system of Filipinos in the Pre-Spanish period.

-Baybarin

 

Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.

-True

It is a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas.

 

-Ballad

Essays that uses details related to the senses to create mental images for the reader.

- Descriptive essays

 

The goddess of lost things, she is also the wife of Dumakulem.

-Anagolay

 

The Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela

- Severino Reyes

 

He was one of the first Filipino writers to break free from the strict rules imposed on literature during the Propaganda movement.

- Dr. Pedro Paterno

 

The repetition of consonant sounds in words.

- Alliteration

 

There are more novels written during this era than poetry.

-True

 

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.
The correct answer is: Ines Cannoyan


It was the first novel written in Spanish by a Filipino, which revolves around the misery of a woman who died of cholera.
The correct answer is: Ninay


Most English newspapers were ordered to stop its operations during the Japanese regime.
The correct answer is: 'True'


It is simply defined as a product of one's imaginative mind. It can be a drama, short story, novel, myth, folktale, and poetry.
The correct answer is: Fictional Literature


The author who was known as the "comma poet," introducing a unique style of poetry.
The correct answer is: Jose Garcia Villa

:Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?
The correct answer is: The Quest for the Father


In the story of Malakas and Maganda, the children who ran away from their father and ran outside became the Alipin.
The correct answer is: 'False'


___ is a long narrative poem, telling heroic deeds or events.
The correct answer is: Epic


Not every poem has a speaker.
The correct answer is: 'False'


The Japanese encouraged nationalism, or the love for one's motherland.
The correct answer is: 'True'


These are short poems which express the personal thoughts or emotions of the poet.
The correct answer is: Lyric poems


Jose Garcia Villa's Bayan Ko was set to music by Constancio de Guzman and became a popular song during the Marcos dictatorship.
The correct answer is: 'False'

He wrote "Banaag at Sikat" which was renowned for its depiction of certain issues of socialism and capitalism.
The correct answer is: Lope K. Santos


It is a story about animals that possess human traits.
The correct answer is: 'Fable'


____ is a famous comedy play written by Francisco "Soc" Rodrigo that portrays people's weaknesses.
The correct answer is: Sa Pula, Sa Puti


The following are Bathala's daughters to a mortal woman except:
The correct answer is: Mayari


"The future looks fantastic, what with the flying cars and modern technology." This is an example of a:
The correct answer is: 'Setting as Time'


Claro M. Recto wrote for La Vanguardia under what penname?
The correct answer is: 'Aristeo Hilario'


Jose Garcia Villa won P1,000 from the Philippines Free Press, which he used to migrate to the United States and enroll at University of Mexico.
The correct answer is: 'True'


This was deemed as the first novel ever written in the Philippines. 
The correct answer is: Barlaan at Josaphat


A novel that dwells on the arrogance of the friars, revealing the dire consequences tied to the marriage between the Spanish and Filipinos.
The correct answer is: La Hija Del Fraile


In a story, it is the verbal representation of a human being.
The correct answer is: Character


The American regime enforced free public education.
The correct answer is: 'True'


A poem in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word, which is usually the subject of the poem.
The correct answer is: Acrostic poem


A series of fairy tale stories told by an old woman who kept a loadful of stories in her ancient baul.
The correct answer is: Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang


A rhetorical device, a witty, ingenious, or pointed saying that is tersely expressed.
The correct answer is: epigram


The American Period had influenced the Philippine Literature.
The correct answer is: 'True'


The writing system used by the Filipinos before the Spanish colonization.
The correct answer is: Baybayin


The term ___ refers to the social class consisting of freemen.
The correct answer is: timawa


Carlos P. Romulo has four bestselling works that led him to bagging the Pulitzer Prize.
The correct answer is: 'False'


Which of the following is not one of the bestselling works of Carlos P. Romulo?
The correct answer is: The Lost Ones


He is the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish," in the Hispanic world.
The correct answer is: Cecilio Apostol


One of the writers in the Spanish era under the name Dimas-Ilaw and Pingkian who wrote "Ang Liwanag at Dilim" that became the code of revolution.
The correct answer is: Emilio Jacinto


The goddess of love, conception and childbirth for the Tagalogs.

The correct answer is: Diyan Masalanta


A short piece of fiction that is a "bite size" version of a novel.
The correct answer is: Short Story


The following are works by Jesus Balmori EXCEPT:
The correct answer is: Mi Patria


Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.
The correct answer is: 'True'


It is the repetition of the same stressed vowel sound and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.
The correct answer is: Rhyme

Hinilawod is commonly sung for a period of three days, non-stop.
=False


Biag ni Lam-ang was first transcribed around 1640 by Pedro Bucaneg.
=True


The ___ magazine was stationed in Manila and contributed to the development of Hiligaynon literature.
=Hiligaynon


A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.
=Sabas Armenta


An author from Bicol whose works are known for perceptivity and fatalism.
=Angelo de Castro 


Pampa Bucaneg was also known as a Chris a total of ___ syllables in octaves with rhymes at the end.
=16


The goddess of the Eastern sea in Hinilawod.
=Alunsina


Poetry from ___ possess "clarity and grace of expression."
=bicol


___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.
=Hiligaynon


It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".
=Bannawag


A song of allusion to mythical heroes.
=Siday


Biag ni Lam-ang was created before the Spaniards came.
=true


A folk theatrical that is a strictly private type of drama performed by friends and neighbors to divert a bereaved family from their sorrow.
=Kolilisi


People of Western Visayas are more well-versed in writing myths and folktales than poetry and prose.
=True


Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
=geography

The Leopoldo Yabes version of the epic poem Biag ni Lam-ang consists of 206 stanzas.
=False


Leon C. Pichay is acknowledged as the Father of Ilocano Literature.
=False


Isabelo de los Reyes has ventured into journalism before he was 25.
= True


How long is Hinilawod usually sung?
=3 weeks, 2 hours a night


Mythological stories of Hiligaynons were passed through each generation by ____.
=oral transmission

A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.
=Sabas Armenta


Aside from being a writer, Pedro Bucaneg was also known as a Christian missionary.
=True


It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".
=. Bannawag


It tells the quest of Lam-ang to find the Igorots who murdered his father.
=The Quest for the Father


Biag ni Lam-ang is an epic poem that consists of 1744 lines.
=False


The common name of Awit and Corridos.
=kuriru


The playwright from Bicol who writes puns and mimes as double-edge statements for Spaniards.
=Mariano Shyna Perfecto


Leon C. Pichay was considered the most creative Ilocano writer in his generation.
=True


The title of Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron's famous zarzuela that depicts a Filipino family.
=Ing Managne


Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
=no literary outlet

Cardinal Bellarmine's catechism was the first book that was printed in Iloko.

-True

The author of the Pampango murder mystery novel, "Ing Buac ning Ester" (A Strand of Ester's Hair).

- Aurelio Tolentino

It is the story of Lam-ang and his love interest Ines Cannoyan.

- The Quest for a Wife

The Father of Pampango Literature.

- Juan Crisostomo Soto

The Mother of Philippine Women's Literature.

- Leona Florentino

 

One of the famous publishing houses from Bicol.

- Bicolanon

 

Ilocano literature is second to Tagalog in having the greatest number of printed works.

-True

 

The writer of Anti Cristo.

- Justiniano Nuyda

 

Leona Florentino was congenitally blind.

-False

 

Biag ni Lam-ang was first transcribed around 1640 by Pedro Bucaneg.
Answer:True


The Bukanegan is the Ilocano version of the Balagtasan
Answer:True


Ilocano literature is second to Tagalog in having the greatest number of printed works.
Answer:True


Leon C. Pichay is acknowledged as the Father of Ilocano Literature.
Answer:False


The writer of Anti Cristo.
Answer:Justiniano Nuyda


Poetry from ___ possess "clarity and grace of expression."
Answer:Bicol


Which of the following is not a reason why Pampango Literature did not flourish?
Answer:no literary outlet


It is the story of Lam-ang and his love interest Ines Cannoyan.
Answer:The quest for a wife


Bicol Literature did not flourish because of the attitude of people towards it.
Answer:True


One of the famous publishing houses from Bicol.
Answer: Bicolanon


Leona Florentino was congenitally blind.

Answer:False

 

This writer detested the Spanish maladministration in the Philippines.

Answer:Isabelo de los Reyes

 

The title of Mariano Proceso Pabalan Byron's famous zarzuela that depicts a Filipino family.

Answer:Ing Managne

 

Who is known as the King of Crisotan?

Answer:Amado Yuzon

 

It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".

Answer:Bannawag

 

The author of the Pampango murder mystery novel, "Ing Buac ning Ester" (A Strand of Ester's Hair).

Answer:Aurelio Tolentino

 

The playwright from Bicol who writes puns and mimes as double-edge statements for Spaniards.

Answer:Mariano Perfecto

 

The Mother of Philippine Women's Literature.

Answer:Leona Florentino

 

A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.

Answer:Sabas Armenta

 

The Leopoldo Yabes version of the epic poem Biag ni Lam-ang consists of 206 stanzas.

Answer:False

 

A humorous and satiric song in Hiligaynon literature.

-Bical

 

Vicente Y. Sotto began his journalistic career at the age of 22.

-True

 

-The first short story in Sugbuanon.

- Ang Suga

 

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

-Itneg

 

Bukaneg was a co-author of the Ilocano-English grammar book and dictionary.

-true

Hiligaynon is the lingua franca of Northern Mindanao.

-True

Sugbuanon is a dialect spoken in central Visayas, as well as in the greater part of northern and central Mindanao.

-True

Hinilawod tells the story of how the islands of Iloilo, ____ and Aklan were formed.

-Antique

Hinilawod is the oldest and longest epic poem in Panay.

-True

___ refers to the Ilocano balagtasan.

- Bukanegan

A humorous and satirical song.

-Bicat

Pampango poetry commonly has a total of ___ syllables in octaves with rhymes at the end.

-16

____, also known as the Bible of Northern Philippines, was a popular weekly magazine featuring literary works from Ilocano writers.

- Bannawag

An old ritual of formalizing an engagement to marry.

- Pamalaye

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

- Maragtas

Haya is a dirge that is composed of three parts.

-False

Leona Florentino was fluent in Spanish, Tagalog, Ilokano and English.

-False

Ilocano literature is heavily influenced by religion.

-Dramas

The Yuhum magazine in Iloilo was established by:

- La Defensa Press

Sugbuanon literature is characterized as:

- Abundant and varied

An incorporation of duplo and balitaw where the courtship plot becomes a mere framework for an argument on a non-romantic subject..

- Balagtasan sa Balitaw

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

- Lam-ang

The father of Ilocano Literature.

- Pedro Bucaneg

It introduces the story's characters, setting, and conflict.

- Exposition

A story about the tradition of Christmas in the Philippines, written to entertain and amuse the people from Madrid.

- Noche Buena

He published his poetry book "Rimas Malayas" (Malayan Rhymes) at the age of 17 and even wrote a satirical column for La Vanguardia called "Vida Manilenas".

- Jesus Balmori

The name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

- Pancho Ismael

The following are known as Poets of Stage EXCEPT:

- Pedro Deogracias

It was the very first book on Ilokano grammar written by Francisco Lopez.

-Arte de la Iloka

Alunsina and Datu Paubari in Hinilawod had twins.

-False

A Hiligaynon literary form that is a ballad of unrhymed couplets.

-Ambahan

The story of Maragtas is about a group of datus and their escape from Borneo.

-False

Dubbed as the most creative Ilocano writer in his generation whose works often revolve around the theme of love for the country, spirituality and love for their local language.

-Balitaw

he ___ magazine in Iloilo helped keep literature alive.

- Yuhum

Long before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Ilokanos have already established their own culture, along with their own mythology and folklore.

-True

Which of the following is not a contribution to literature of Vicente Y. Sotto?

- wrote folk theatricals in his native language

This refers to an old ritual of formalizing an engagement to marry.

-pamalaye

A comic representation of the love chase in a verse dialogue of courtship that develops into a wit combat performed in song and dance.

-Balitaw

One of Haya's parts that is a song regretting the loss of a loved one and extolling him.

-parahaya

It is a character that remains essentially the same throughout the story.

- Rhythm

In a story, this character is complex, multi-faceted and has the qualities of real people.

- Round character

Banaag at Sikat was notable for its depiction of issues such as socialism, capitalism, and the works of the united association of laborers.

-True

The correct answer is:

Match the writer to his/her famous literary work.

Claro M. Recto - [Bajo los Cocoteros]

Jose Corazon de Jesus - [Bayan Ko]

Dr. Pedro Paterno - [Ninay]

Mariano Ponce - [Mga Alamat ng Bulacan]

Jose Esperanza Cruz - [Tatlong Maria]

Fr. Modesto de Castro - [Urbana and Feliza]

Clodualdo del Mundo - [Bulaga]

Jose Ma. Hernandez - [Panday Pira]

Stevan Javellana - [The Lost Ones]

Narciso G. Reyes - [Lupang Tinubuan]

Paz Marquez Benitez - [Dead Stars]

Liwayway Arceo - [Uhaw ang Tigang ng Lupa]

Graciano Lopez-Jaena - [Fray Botod]

Marcelo H. Del Pilar - [Dasalan at Tocsohan]

Jose Maria Panganiban - [A Nuestro Obispo]

Andres Bonifacio - [Pag‑ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa]

Apolinario Mabini - [El Verdadero Decalogo]

Emilio Jacinto - [Ang Liwanag at Dilim]

Antonio Luna - [Noche Buena]

Severino Reyes - [Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang]

Fernando Ma. Guerrero - [Crisalidas]

Jose Rizal - [Noli Me Tangere]

Justiniano Nuyda - [Anti Cristo]

Marcelino Foronda Jr. - [Ta Dida Ammo it Aramidda]

Fray Francisco Lopez - [Cardinal Bellarmine’s catechism]

Pedro Bukaneg - [Biag ni Lam‑ang]

Vicente Sotto - [Maming]

Jose Garcia Villa - [Man Songs]

Zoilo Galang - [A Child of Sorrow]

Lope K. Santos - [Banaag at Sikat]

 

 

Cecilio Apostol's poem that opened the world of Spanish poetry for him.

The correct answer is: El Terror de Los Mares Indicos

The goddess of the Eastern sea in Hinilawod.

The correct answer is: Alunsina

The ___ magazine in Iloilo helped keep literature alive.

The correct answer is: Yuhum

Hinilawod tells the story of how the islands of Iloilo, ____ and Aklan were formed.

The correct answer is: Antique

The son of Idiyanale: he’s the strong and agile, the guardian of the mountains.

The correct answer is: Dumakulem

The Tagalog god of the sea, he was originally the god of hunters.

The correct answer is: Amanikable

___ refers to the Ilocano balagtasan.

The correct answer is: Bukanegan

The father of Ilocano Literature.

The correct answer is: Pedro Bucaneg

Both Tagalog and English were used as the medium of instruction in all levels of education in public schools.

The correct answer is: False

____, also known as the Bible of Northern Philippines, was a popular weekly magazine featuring literary works from Ilocano writers.

The correct answer is: Bannawag

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

The correct answer is: Lam-ang

Which of the following is Juan Crisostomo "Crisot" Soto's works?

The correct answer is: Ing Managne

The ___ magazine was stationed in Manila and contributed to the development of Hiligaynon literature.

The correct answer is: Hiligaynon

A literary form that is a simple folk song, love song and work song.

The correct answer is: Awit

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

The correct answer is: Maragtas

Sugbuanon literature forms delivered orally are the following except:

The correct answer is: plays

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

The correct answer is: Itneg

___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.

The correct answer is: Hiligaynon

The oldest and longest epic poem in Panay.

The correct answer is: Hinilawod

Mythological stories of Hiligaynons were passed through each generation by ____.

The correct answer is: oral transmission

According to the Nicaraguan poet Daisy Zamora, poetry is:

-"a way of feeling life"

It is the method by which writers and speakers reveal attitudes or feelings.

-Tone

The full name of the author of "Lupang Tinubuan" that won first prize in the outstanding Filipino short stories in 1943.

- Narciso Reyes

The conflict in a short story is a major element of plot because it arouses curiosity, causes doubt, creates tension and produces interest

-True

Zoilo Galang's A Child of Sorrow was famous for being:

- The first Philippine novel written in the English language

A Manobo/Ilianon tale about the hero whose people had been driven out of their land.

-Agyu

This author wrote "A Night in the Hills" which tells the story of Gerado Luna, a salesman in a jewelry store in Intramuros, Manila.

- Paz Marquez-Benitez

He was a corresponding member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Literature

- Cecilio Apostol

The second prize for the outstanding Filipino short stories in 1943 is _______.

- Uhaw ang Tigang na Lupa by Liwayway A. Arceo

The name of the magazine that recognized the brilliant minds behind literary works during this era.

- Liwayway

The Father of Tagalog plays.

- Severino Reyes

The term Alibata was coined by _______.

- Paul Rodriguez Verzosa

The author of the speech, Sa Mga Pilipino, a speech aimed to improve the condition of the Filipinos to become free and progressive.

- Graciano Lopez Jaena

He was the Father of the Tagalog Zarzuela and the one who wrote, "Walang Sugat" (No Wounds) about the Katipuneros in the later years of the Spanish occupation.

- Severino Reyes

The name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

- Pancho Ismael

A poem consisting of four lines with seven syllables each, with each line ending in rhyme.

-Tanaga

The type of government in the Philippines during the Pre-Spanish period.

- Democracy

Jesus Balmori died on June 12, on Philippine Independence Day.

-False

Articles that explain the steps in a process, report the news, or analyze a work of literature are all examples of:

- Persuasive essays

Considered as the first modern English language short story writer from the Philippines.

- Paz Marquez Benitez

The term ____ refers to slaves that do not have the right to own property.

- saguiguilid

Literature, in a literal sense, means:

-"love of wisdom"

tory about the tradition of Christmas in the Philippines, written to entertain and amuse the people from Madrid.

- Noche Buena

Use of Tagalog became widespread under the Japanese rule.

-True

The Father of Filipino Democracy.

- Andres Bonifacio

The ____ is an example of an epic poem that tells the story of Jesus Christ's life, trials and sufferings.

-Payson

Drama is told mainly through the words and actions of characters and intended to be performed by actors.

-true

A ____ is a mystifying, misleading or puzzling question posed as a problem to be solved or guessed.

-riddle

The Bikolanos call their supreme being Asuang.

-False

Which of the following is not one of Mariano Ponce's pennames?

- Tagailog

A seven-lined diamond-shaped poem that specifies the part of speech in each line, sometimes with contrasting ideas

- Diamond poem

Philippine literature managed to thrive during this era.

-true

Aliguyon was the hero son of the goddess Alunsina, and the mortal Datu Paubari.

- False

Baybayin, the Filipino writing system in the Pre-Spanish period, is derived from the Tagalog word baybay which means

-"to spell"

Free public education made knowledge and information accessible to a greater number of Filipinos, which gave them the opportunity to join the educated masses.

-True

What are the most common works of literature during the Japanese regime?

- poems

On May 1, 1898, the Americans led by U.S. Navy Admiral George Dewey, along with Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, attacked the Spanish Navy in Manila Bay.

-true

One of the classics of Confucianism that is a collection of 300 poems and songs from the early Chou Dynasty

- Shih Ching

Some prominent rocks are worshipped as Kami.

-true

The goal of Hindu Life which refers to physical pleasure.

-Kama

ChinesA book of Confucianism that talks about "Great Learning."

- Ta Hsueh

勇気 (Romaji: yuuki) means love.

-False

These are charms, wards or scriptures that are said to bring the bearer good luck or protection.

- ofuda

A way to achieve God through direct action.

-Karma

The Indian goddess of dance.

- Shivast

The name of the tree on which Gautama vowed never to arise until he found the truth.

-Pipal

Time refers to ____ while moment means "for the time being."

- clear-cut situation

Shinto believes that the reason for human's attachment to nature is because they become kami after they die.

- False

A way to achieve God by what you know.

-Jnana

The Japanese believe in balance in perspective and beauty.

-true

Which of the following is not one of the three levels in which the Japanese are shaped?

-Standard of living

This term refers to Japanese festivals to celebrate and honor shrines.

- matsuri

Which of the following is incorrect?

-Sorrow is one of the unwholesome mental states impeding progress towards enlightenment.

 A characteristic of existence in Buddhism which refers to selflessness.

- anatta

A way to achieve God by how you act.

- Bakhti

The goal of Hindu Life which refers to physical pleasure.

-Kama Omamori comes from the word mamori, which means, ___.

- protection

Being a Hindu is said to be a sign of being ____.

-glorious

Which of the following is not one of the Confucian Thoughts from the Analects?

-"The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step."

Those who do not agree that life is impermanent, is said to be in the state of "___" or illusion.

-Maya

What marked the end of World War I?

-Hitler and his wife committed suicide

During the World War II, when was London destroyed causing the death of approximately 60,000 civilians?

-1941

This type of newspaper was developed in 1962 as a supplement to the Sunday newspaper.

-abloid

Identify what the following statement describes:
The art/literature has a realistic setting.

- Magic Realism and Realism

The common ground in the themes of postmodernism and modernism.

- result of war and invasions

Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492.

-True

Identify what the following statement describes:
A fantasy plot that is accepted by the characters.

- Magic Realism and Fantasy

Which of the following terms related to postmodernism means "construction or creation from a diverse range of available things"?

- bricolage

Identify the aspect of modernism described:
The rise of spontaneity and discovery in creation.

- a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs

Postmodernism emphasizes pastiche. Which of the following is the closest meaning of the word "pastiche"?

- an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist or period

A popularly acclaimed artist whose artworks result in powerful paradoxes, often provoking unsettling thoughts.

- Rene Magritte

Identify what the following statement describes:
Explores aspects that are associated with imagination, attempting to express the inner life of humans.

- Surrealism

This artist's artworks feature racism and discrimination. One such example is the image below:

- Oswaldo Guayasamin

The English title of Gabriel Garcia Marquez' novel which became the epicenter of novels in this period.

- One Hundred Years of Solitude

Identify the aspect of modernism described:
Discontinuous narratives and random-seeming collages of different materials.

- an emphasis on fragmented forms

Identify the aspect of modernism described:
Choosing materials used to produce art and in methods of displaying, distributing and consuming art.

- a rejection fo the distinction between "high" and "low" or popular culture

Wade's going to survive, he'll have to win—and confront the real world he's always been so desperate to escape."

- Technological Control

A popularly acclaimed artist whose artworks result in powerful paradoxes, often provoking unsettling thoughts.

- Rene Magritte

Small portions of West Africa are composed of people who believe in ______.

- Animism

This began in the middle of the 18th century and is associated with modern era.

- none of the choices

French-speaking African writers, politicians and intellectuals developed the ideological philosophy, Negritude.

-true

Identify what the following statement describes:
Explores the social and political ills in the 20th Century.

- Magic Realism

In Modern America, this country is the first to become an independent nation in West Indies.

-Haiti

The following are countries that proclaimed independence from Spain except for:

-texas

This massacre occurred in Rwanda causing millions to flee.

- Hutus

Postmodernism emphasizes pastiche. Which of the following is the closest meaning of the word "pastiche"?

- an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist or period

 An a dystopian world, ____ takes control of human minds.

-propaganda

This refers to a set of philosophical, political, and ethical ideas which provide the basis for the aesthetic aspect of modernism.

- Modernity

Identify the aspect of modernism described:
The rise of spontaneity and discovery in creation.

- a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs

One of the themes reflected in postmodernism which means the construction or creation from a diverse range of available things.

- bricolage

Identify what the following statement describes:
Explores aspects that are associated with imagination, attempting to express the inner life of humans.

- Surrealism

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

- The climax of dystopian literature is unresolved.

Known as one of the authors of the 1935 Philippine Constitution.

- Claro M. Recto