21st Century Literature from the Philippines and the World 1

It is an allegory with moral or religious bent.

-parable

The following are means for an alipin to become a freeman EXCEPT:

-Getting captured in war

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.

-Ines Cannoyan


It is an artistic piece of philosophical, personal, imaginative or inspirational nature that is laid out in lines.

-Poetry

The name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

-Pancho Ismael

The Bikolanos call their supreme being Asuang.

-False

These are short poems which express the personal thoughts or emotions of the poet.

-Lyric poems

He was recognized in the Hispanic world as the "greatest Filipino epic poet writing in Spanish."

-Cecilio Apostol

Articles that explain the steps in a process, report the news, or analyze a work of literature are all examples of:

- Expository essays

It was the very first book on Ilokano grammar written by Francisco Lopez.

-Arte de la Iloka

Who is known as the King of Crisotan?

-Amado Yuzon

The author of the Pampango murder mystery novel, "Ing Buac ning Ester" (A Strand of Ester's Hair).

-Aurelio Tolentino

It tells the quest of Lam-ang to find the Igorots who murdered his father.

-The Quest for the Father

Bicol Literature did not flourish because of the attitude of people towards it.

-True

The writer of Anti Cristo.

-Justiniano Nuyda

A social and political critique that uses comedia and ineffectual character.

-Sabas Armenta

Pampango poetry commonly has a total of ___ syllables in octaves with rhymes at the end.

-16

Cardinal Bellarmine's catechism was the first book that was printed in Iloko.

-True

The Mother of Philippine Women's Literature.

-Leona Florentino

It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".

-Bannawag

A way to achieve God by what you know.

-None of the choices

勇気 (Romaji: yuuki) means love.

-False

Shinto believes that the reason for human's attachment to nature is because they become kami after they die.

-True

Evident in the Indian culture is a class structure determined by birth. It is also known as the _____.

-caste system

Omamori comes from the word mamori, which means, ___.

-protection

The first Indian poet who wrote the epic, Ramayana.

-Maharishi Valmiki

Time refers to ____ while moment means "for the time being."

-clear-cut situation

The name of the tree on which Gautama vowed never to arise until he found the truth.

-Pipal

These are charms, wards or scriptures that are said to bring the bearer good luck or protection.

-ofuda

Which of the following is incorrect?

-Sorrow is one of the unwholesome mental states impeding progress towards enlightenment.

____ is a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely that the world of dream and fantasy combines.

-Surrealism

Aztecs found Tenochtitlan in 1325 to 1350 A.D. Today, Tenochtitlan is known as:

-Mexico

The following are countries that proclaimed independence from Spain except for:

-Texas

Identify what the following statement describes:

Treats unreal events as matter-of-fact.

-Magic Realism

In Modern America, this country is the first to become an independent nation in West Indies.

- Haiti

The Spanish and Portuguese in South America had two goals. What are these?

-increase wealth and convert the natives to Christians

Postmodernism emphasizes pastiche. Which of the following is the closest meaning of the word "pastiche"?

-an artistic work in a style that imitates that of another work, artist or period

The common ground in the themes of postmodernism and modernism.

-result of war and invasions

The objective is to bring a fresh image of our everyday world.

-Magic Realism

A movement where Brazilians explored their myths and folklore.

-Modernismo

___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.

-Hiligaynon

The father of Ilocano Literature.

-Pedro Bucaneg

Cecilio Apostol's poem that opened the world of Spanish poetry for him.

- El Terror de Los Mares Indicos

The Tagalog god of the sea, he was originally the god of hunters.

- Anitun Tabu

____, also known as the Bible of Northern Philippines, was a popular weekly magazine featuring literary works from Ilocano writers.

-Bannawag

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

-Lam-ang

Both Tagalog and English were used as the medium of instruction in all levels of education in public schools.

-False

A literary form that is a simple folk song, love song and work song.

-Awit

The son of Idiyanale: he’s the strong and agile, the guardian of the mountains.

- Dumakulem

Hinilawod tells the story of how the islands of Iloilo, ____ and Aklan were formed.

- Antique

___ refers to the Ilocano balagtasan.

- Bukanegan

Sugbuanon literature forms delivered orally are the following except:

-plays

The ___ magazine in Iloilo helped keep literature alive.

- Yuhum

Mythological stories of Hiligaynons were passed through each generation by ____.

-oral transmission

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

-Maragtas

1. Claro M. Recto - Bajo los Cocoteros

2. Jose Corazon de Jesus -Bayan Ko

3. Dr. Pedro Paterno - Ninay

4. Mariano Ponce - Mga Alamat ng Bulacan

5. Jose Esperanza Cruz – Tatlong Maria

6. Fr. Modesto de Castro -Urbana and Feliza

7. Clodualdo del Mundo -Bulaga

8. Jose Ma. Hernandez -Panday Pira

9. Stevan Javellana -The Lost Ones

10. Narciso G. Reyes -Lupang Tinubuan

11. Paz Marquez Benitez -Dead Stars

12. Liwayway Arceo -Uhaw ang Tigang ng Lupa

13. Graciano Lopez-Jaena -Fray Botod

14. Marcelo H. Del Pilar -Dasalan at Tocsohan

15. Jose Maria Panganiban -A Nuestro Obispo

16. Andres Bonifacio -Pag‐ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa

17. Apolinario Mabini -El Verdadero Decalogo

18. Emilio Jacinto -Ang Liwanag at Dilim

19. Antonio Luna -Noche Buena

20. Severino Reyes -Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang

21. Fernando Ma. Guerrero -Crisalidas

22. Jose Rizal -Noli Me Tangere

23. Justiniano Nuyda -Anti Cristo

24. Marcelino Foronda Jr. -Ta Dida Ammo it Aramidda

25. Fray Francisco Lopez -Cardinal Bellarmine’s catechism

26. Pedro Bukaneg -Biag ni Lam‐ang

27. Vicente Sotto -Maming

28. Jose Garcia Villa -Man Songs

29. Zoilo Galang -A Child of Sorrow

30. Lope K. Santos -Banaag at Sikat

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

-Itneg

The ___ magazine was stationed in Manila and contributed to the development of Hiligaynon literature.

- Hiligaynon

The goddess of the Eastern sea in Hinilawod.

-Alunsina

Which of the following is Juan Crisostomo "Crisot" Soto's works?

- Ing Managne

The oldest and longest epic poem in Panay.

-Hinilawod

The main principle of Confucianism is __ which means humaneness or benevolence.

-ren

These are charms and wards or scriptures that is said to bring the bearer good luck or protection.

-Ofuda

The Indians have ___ identities of the god.

- 300

Rakshasas are most commonly called ____.

-maneaters

The ___ group are composed of writers, painters and artists that aim to revive the Uli art of the Igbo tribe.

-West Africa-Nsukka

A Japanese term referring to nature.

-kigo

Indian Literature is often described as illogical.

-True

In 1948, immigrants arrived in Britain. Their nationalities varied and they are the following except:

-Australians

A way to achieve God which depends on how you act.

Select one:

a. Karma

b. Bakhti ✔

c. Jnana

The term that refers to the goal of liberation.

Select one:

a. Moksha✔

b. Artha

c. Dharma

d. Kama

The ____ River is one of the longest rivers in Asia extending to 3,180 kilometers.

Select one:

a. Zangbo

b. Jhelum

c. Indus ✔

d. Sutlej

Gautama Buddha is known to be _________ and will remain in this position until he has found the truth.

Select one:

a. lying down on the grass

b. seated beside the Bodhi tree

c. closed eyes and crossed legs under a tree

d. seated under the pipal tree ✔

A book of Mencius' conversations with kings of the time.

Select one:

a. Ta Hsueh

b. Chung Yung

c. Lun Yu

d. Meng Tzu ✔

A Japanese word which means protection.

Select one:

a. mamoru

b. mitomeru

c. mamori ✔

d. matomeru

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Modernism in American literature?

Select one:

a. a rejection of elaborate formal aesthetics in favor of minimalist designs

b. an emphasis on fragmented forms

c. a clear distinction between genres ✔

d. an emphasis on impressionism and subjectivity in writing

What is the existing goal of the Ramayana?

Select one:

a. Artha

b. Dharma ✔

c. Moksha

d. Kama

The Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs in 1521.

Select one:

a. Leif Erikson

b. Nelson Mandela

c. Herman Cortes ✔

d. Magellan

This term is used to refer to works that depict supernatural forces working because of a logical reason.

Select one:

a. Surrealism

b. Fantasy

c. Magic Realism ✔

d. Realism

The ____ religion believes that we planned our lives with God.

Select one:

a. Taoism

b. Shinto

c. Confucianism

d. Youruba ✔

Which of these refers to the collection of 300 poems and songs from the early Chou Dynasty?

Select one:

a. Li Ching

b. Shu Ching

c. Shih Ching ✔

d. Ch'un Ching

e. I Ching

The ____ movement initiated the emerging of daring and confrontational themes.

Select one:

a. none of the choices is correct

b. avant-garde

c. both of the choices are correct

d. vanguardia ✔

The Sun Goddess that is considered the most important God in Shinto.

Select one:

a. Omoikane

b. Amaterasu ✔

c. Inari

d. Hachiman

There is no devil in Indian literature.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

The Indians believe that knowing and believing are nearly the same.

Select one:

a. False ✔

b. True

Indian belief dictates that salvation is not achieved by action but by knowledge or realization.

Select one:

a. False

b. True ✔

This is a collection of fables given to kings and princes that will teach them all there is to know about values, leadership and governance.

Select one:

a. Panchatantra ✔

b. Ramayana

c. Kisa Gotami

d. Mahabarata

This is the innate nature of existence according to Buddhism.

Select one:

a. anatta

b. panna

c. dukkh ✔

d. annica

Which of the following is not one of the unwholesome mental states that impede profress towards enlightenment?

Select one:

a. sloth

b. worry

c. lust

d. lying ✔

e. aversion

The one who proposed equality in the West Africa.

Select one:

a. Leon Damas

b. Aime Cesaire

c. Blaise Daigne ✔

d. Leopold Sedar Senghor

e. Wole Soyinka

The people who have been subjected to bad karma cannot find their way to Nirvana.

Select one:

a. True

b. False ✔

Edward VII lead the friendship of major European countries and eventually forming the group called, "____."

Select one:

a. Anglo-Russian Entente

b. Triple Entente

c. Entente Cordiale ✔

d. Entente Frugale

This Japanese term refers to the spirits that roam the land.

Select one:

a. Yokai

b. Oni

c. Obake

d. Kami ✔

The one who wrote Totem, a poem that encourages common racial identity for black Africans.

Select one:

a. Wole Soyinka

b. Aime Cesaire

c. Leon Damas

d. Blaise Daigne

e. Leopold Sedar Senghor ✔

This book advocates the discernment of a basic norm of human action which, if put into effect, will bring life into harmony with the process of the universe.

Select one:

a. Chung Yung ✔

b. Ta Hsueh

c. Meng Tzu

d. Lun Yu

This refers to a set of philosophical, political and ethical ideas which provide the basis for the aesthetic aspect of modernism.

Select one:

a. postmodernism

b. surrealism

c. realism

d. modernity ✔



The story about the grief of a woman who lost her child and eventually where the line, "the living are few, but the dead are many" became popular.

Select one:

a. Mahabarata

b. Ramayana

c. Kisa Gotami ✔

d. Panchantra

I Ching or the Classic of Changes is a collection of texts on divination based on a set of __ hexagrams that reflect the relationship between Yin and Yang in nature and society.

Select one:

a. 84

b. 45

c. 64 ✔

d. 75

The level of caste system which refers to the soldiers.

Select one:

a. Sudra

b. Vaisya ✔

c. Kshatriyas

d. Brahmins

Shinto became the main religion in Japan during the ____ period.

Select one:

a. Heisei

b. Showa

c. Edo

d. Meiji ✔

The Indian's way of living's characteristics include the following except:

Select one:

a. Weight

b. Happiness ✔

c. Balance

d. Connectivity

Adolf Hitler, head of the Nazis used the ____ in conquering Poland.

Select one:

a. manuever warfare

b. deep battle

c. armored warfare

d. lightning war ✔

This consists of three books on the Rites of Propriety.

Select one:

a. Shu Ching

b. Shih Ching

c. Li Ching ✔

d. Ch'un Ching

e. I Ching

The Veda for rituals of sacrifice.

Select one:

a. Rig Veda

b. Sama Veda

c. Yajur Veda ✔

d. Atharva Veda

This term refers more to art/literature that defies logic with the supernatural.

Select one:

a. Fantasy

b. Realism

c. Surrealism ✔

d. Magic Realism

Confucianism is characterized by a highly ____ view of human nature.

Select one:

a. pessimistic

b. realistic

c. fantastic

d. optimistic ✔

The positive and personal force in the universe, according to Confucius is ___.

Select one:

a. ren

b. t'ien ✔

c. li

d. zhong

This art favors reflexivity, self-consciousness, fragmentation and discontinuity.

Select one:

a. modern

b. postmodern ✔

c. surrealism

d. realism

e. modernity

The characteristic of existence which refers to selflessness.

Select one:

a. dukkha

b. anatta ✔

c. anicca

The literary and ideological philosophy developed by French-speaking African intellectuals.

Select one:

a. Black Power

b. Negritude ✔

c. Rwanda

d. Angolanidade

The Spanish literary movement which is characterized by its use of sensuous imagery to express distinctive spiritual values, as well as metaphors.

Select one:

a. Realismo

b. Modernismo ✔

c. Surrealismo

d. Magic Realism

He published his poetry book "Rimas Malayas" (Malayan Rhymes) at the age of 17 and even wrote a satirical column for La Vanguardia called "Vida Manilenas"

Select one:

a. Cecilio Apostol

b. Fernando Ma. Guerrero

c. Claro M. Recto

d. Jesus Balmori ✔

Most English newspapers were ordered to stop its operations during the Japanese regime.

Select one:

True ✔

False

The American Period had influenced the Philippine Literature.

Select one:

True ✔

False

The name of the corrupt governor in A Child of Sorrow.

Select one:

a. Rosa

b. Gerado Luna

c. Lucio Soliman

d. Pancho Ismael ✔

The full name of the author of "Lupang Tinubuan" that won first prize in the outstanding Filipino short stories in 1943.

Select one:

a. Gonzalo Flores

b. Narciso Reyes ✔

c. Francisco Soc Rodrigo

d. Macario Pineda

In Marcelo h. Del Pilar's Dasalan at Tocsohan, which of the following is said to be the Fifth Commandment of the Spanish Friars?

Select one:

a. "Sambahin mo ang Payle lalo na sa lahat."

b. "Manalangin ka sa Prayle Linggo man at piyesta."

c. "Huwag kang makinakaw."

d. "Huwag kang mamamatay kung wala pang salaping panlibing." ✔

The name of Lam-ang's love interest.

Select one:

a. Sumarang

b. Saridandan

c. Ines Cannoyan ✔

d. Alunsina

Jose Garcia Villa won P1,000 from the Philippines Free Press, which he used to migrate to the United States and enroll at University of Mexico.

Select one:

True ✔

False

This was deemed as the first novel ever written in the Philippines.

Select one:

a. Urbana and Feliza

b. Barlaan at Josaphat

c. Doctrina Cristiana

d. Ninay ✔

A Manobo/Ilianon tale about the hero whose people had been driven out of their land.

Select one:

a. Labaw-Donggon

b. Aliguyon

c. Agyu ✔

d. Biag ni Lam-ang

Banaag at Sikat was notable for its depiction of issues such as socialism, capitalism, and the works of the united association of laborers.

Select one:

True ✔

False

Some of this hero's notable literary works are "El Verdadero Decalogo" (The True Decalogue or Ten Commandments, and "Sa Bayang Pilipino" (To the Filipino nation).

Select one:

a. Jose Maria Panganiban

b. Antonio Luna

c. Apolinario Mabini ✔

d. Mariano Ponce



It is the emotional high point of the story. It is also the most exciting part.

Select one:

a. Exposition

b. Rising Action

c. Falling Action

d. Climax ✔

e. Resolution

The following are known as Poets of Stage EXCEPT:

Select one:

a. Patricio Mariano

b. Aurelio Tolentino

c. Severino Reyes

d. Pedro Deogracias ✔

It is easy to interpret poems.

Select one:

True

False ✔

Filipinos already have literature before the Spaniards came to the land.

Select one:

True n✔

False

The conflict in a short story is a major element of plot because it arouses curiosity, causes doubt, creates tension and produces interest.

Select one:

True ✔

False

Which part of the Ilokano epic Biag ni Lam-ang, tells the story of Lam-ang's quest to find the Igorots?

Select one:

a. The Quest for a Wife

b. The Death and Restoration of a Hero

c. The Quest for the Father ✔

d. The Birth of Lam-ang

There are a few Spanish words integrated to our own language.

Select one:

True

False ✔

In the story of Malakas and Maganda, the children who ran away from their father and ran outside became the Alipin.

Select one:

True

False ✔

What was Pedro Bukaneg's origin, according to his name?

Select one:

a. Ivatan

b. Ibanag

c. Itneg ✔

d. Mangyan

One of the famous publishing houses from Bicol.

Select one:

a. Bicolanon ✔

b. Bicoland

c. Bicolandio

d. Bicolanan

Cardinal Bellarmine's catechism was the first book that was printed in Iloko.

Select one:

True ✔

False

A humorous and satirical song.

Select one:

a. Haya

b. Siday

c. Bical ✔

d. Ambahan

___ tells a story of the bravery of ten datus who went on a journey to escape from a tyrannical ruler.

Select one:

a. Maragtas ✔

b. Balitaw

c. Hinilawod

d. Ambahan

Isabelo de los Reyes has ventured into journalism before he was 25.

Select one:

a. False

b. True ✔

The first short story in Sugbuanon.

Select one:

a. La Justicia

b. Ang Suga

c. Hinilawod

d. Maming

___ is the lingua franca of West Visayas.

Select one:

a. Hiligaynon ✔

b. Waray

c. Cebuano

d. Sugbuanon

How long is Hinilawod usually sung?

Select one:

a. 3 weeks, 3 hours a night

b. 2 weeks, 3 hours a night ✔

c. 3 weeks, 2 hours a night

d. 2 weeks, 2 hours a night

It is the story of Lam-ang and his love interest Ines Cannoyan.

Select one:

a. The Quest for the Father

b. The Quest for a Wife ✔

c. The Birth of Lam-ang

d. The Death and Resurrection of the Hero

Biag ni Lam-ang was first transcribed around 1640 by Pedro Bucaneg.

Select one:

True ✔

False

A song of allusion to mythical heroes.

Select one:

a. Ambahan

b. Haya

c. Siday ✔

d. Ballad



Hiligaynon is the lingua franca of Northern Mindanao.

Select one:

True

False ✔

Bukaneg was a co-author of the Ilocano-English grammar book and dictionary.

Select one:

a. False ✔

b. True

Ilocano literature is second to Tagalog in having the greatest number of printed works.

Select one:

True ✔

False

The name of the main character in Bucaneg's famous epic.

Select one:

a. Bannawag

b. Lam-ang ✔

c. Pedro

d. Bukaneg

It was known as the "Bible of Northern Philippines".

Select one:

a. Bukanegan

b. Yuhum

c. Hiligaynon

d. Bannawag ✔

Poetry from ___ possess "clarity and grace of expression."

Select one:

a. Cebu

b. Negros

c. Pampanga

d. Bicol ✔

Haya is a dirge that is composed of three parts.

Select one:

True

False ✔

Aside from being a writer, Pedro Bucaneg was also known as a Christian missionary.

Select one:

True ✔

False

____ is a collection of fables given to kings and princes, which purpose is to teach them values, leadership and governance.

Select one:

a. Ramayana

b. Kisa Gotami

c. Panchatantra ✔

d. Mabaharata

Which of the following is not one of the three levels in which the Japanese are shaped?

Select one:

a. Race

b. Power of the moment

c. Milleu

d. Standard of living ✔

King Edward VII took the invasion of Belgium by Germans as a threat.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

A law designed to protect woman's rights during that time.

Select one:

a. Civil Rights Act of 1964

b. Equal Pay Act of 1970 ✔

c. Republic Act 9710

d. Equal Rights Amendment

Being a Hindu is said to be a sign of being ____.

Select one:

a. gallant

b. glorious ✔

c. gracious

d. patient

The demonic creatures represented as ogres and trolls roaming the earth.

Select one:

a. Oni ✔

b. Ani

c. Inu

d. none of the choices

Heaven or ____ is a positive and personal force in the universe for Confucius.

Select one:

a. ren

b. jen

c. zhong

d. t'ien ✔

The first woman member in the House of Commons.

Select one:

a. Margaret Thatcher

b. none of the choices

c. Nancy Astor ✔

d. Mary Willing Byrd

Siddhartha Gautama was born and eventually grew up in India.

Select one:

a. False ✔

b. True

Which of the following is not one of the Confucian Thoughts from the Analects?

Select one:

a. "The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step." ✔

b. “The superior man has a dignified ease without pride. The mean man has pride without a dignified ease.”

c. “What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.”

d. “To be wealthy and honored in an unjust society is a disgrace.”

In Indian Literature, the devil does not exist. Instead, God does something bad to a person to teach them a lesson.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

Shinto believes that the reason for human's attachment to nature is because they become kami after they die.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

This refers to a class of supernatural monsters, spirits, and demons in Japanese folklore.

Select one:

a. bakemono

b. oni

c. kaibutsu

d. yokai ✔

Which of the following is not a way of Japanese living?

Select one:

a. importance of time ✔

b. deterministic view of man

c. aesthetics

d. power of the moment

The total length of the Indus River is ____ kilometers.

Select one:

a. 2160

b. 3280

c. 3150

d. 3180 ✔

Which of the following is incorrect?

Select one:

a. Selflessness is one of the characteristics of existence

b. One of the four noble truths is that suffering arises from attachment to desires

c. Sorrow is one of the unwholesome mental states impeding progress towards enlightenment. ✔

d. One of the factors of enlightment is equanimity

The sun goddess, _____ is considered as the most important God.

Select one:

a. Susanoo

b. Ama-no-Iwato

c. Tsukuyomi

d. Amaterasu ✔

The goal of Hindu Life which refers to physical pleasure.

Select one:

a. Dharma

b. Kama ✔

c. Artha

d. Moksha

A way to achieve God by how you act.

Select one:

a. Sudra

b. Jnana

c. Karma

d. Bakhti ✔

勇気 (Romaji: yuuki) means love.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

The objective is to bring a fresh image of our everyday world.

Select one:

a. Magic Realism and Fantasy

b. Surrealism

c. Magic Realism and Realism

d. Fantasy

e. Realism

f. Magic Realism ✔

A movement where Brazilians explored their myths and folklore.

Select one:

a. Surrealism

b. Colonial ideology

c. Modernismo ✔

d. Vanguardia

____ is a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so completely that the world of dream and fantasy combines.

Select one:

a. Realism

b. Surrealism ✔

c. Magic realism

d. Fantasy

One of the themes reflected in postmodernism which means the construction or creation from a diverse range of available things.

Select one:

a. parody

b. bricolage ✔

c. irony

d. pastiche

Queen Victoria died after only ten years of being a queen.

Select one:

a. True

b. False ✔

Small portions of West Africa are composed of people who believe in ______.

Select one:

a. Islam

b. Christianity ✔

c. Animism

d. Yourubu religion

Choose what type of control exists in the following dystopian novel, based on its synopsis:

Divergent by Veronica Roth: "In Beatrice Prior's dystopian Chicago world, society is divided into five factions, each dedicated to the cultivation of a particular virtue—Candor (the honest), Abnegation (the selfless),

Dauntless (the brave), Amity (the peaceful), and Erudite (the intelligent). On an appointed day of every year, all sixteen-year-olds must select the faction to which they will devote the rest of their lives. For Beatrice, the

decision is between staying with her family and being who she really is—she can't have both. So she makes a choice that surprises everyone, including herself."

Select one:

a. Technological Control

b. Philosophical/Religious Control ✔

c. Corporate Control

d. Bureaucratic Control

The English term of the movement of literature which promotes surrealism.

Select one:

a. avant-garde ✔

b. oulipo

c. symbolism

d. realism

The European Enlightenment began on mid-eighteenth century.

Select one:

a. True ✔

b. False

This depicts the aftermath of wars.

Select one:

a. Both choices are correct ✔

b. Modernism

c. None of the choices are correct

d. Postmodernism

The Spanish and Portuguese in South America had two goals. What are these?

Select one:

a. increase wealth and convert the natives to Christians ✔

b. increase wealth and take over the ruling of the country

c. introducing Christianity and increasing their scope of colony

d. fight for independence and spread Christianity



Choose what type of control exists in the following dystopian novel, based on its synopsis:

The Hunger Games trilogy by Suzanne Collins: "The nation of Panem, formed from a post-apocalyptic North America, is a country that consists of a wealthy Capitol region surrounded by 12 poorer districts. Early in its

history, a rebellion led by a 13th district against the Capitol resulted in its destruction and the creation of an annual televised event known as the Hunger Games. In punishment, and as a reminder of the power and grace

of the Capitol, each district must yield one boy and one girl between the ages of 12 and 18 through a lottery system to participate in the games. The 'tributes' are chosen during the annual Reaping and are forced to fight

to the death, leaving only one survivor to claim victory."

Select one:

a. Corporate Control

b. Bureaucratic Control ✔

c. Technological Control

d. Philosophical/Religious Control

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Select one:

a. Dystopia's conflict mostly revolves around the beliefs held by the people in the society

b. The climax of dystopian literature is unresolved.

c. Dystopia asks big questions such as "What is love?"

d. Dystopian literature ends on a hopeful note.

Writers are inspired to write about the horrors of World War so they wrote ___ poems.

Select one:

a. reality

b. dystopian

c. ode

d. war ✔

In a dystopian world, ____ takes control of human minds.

Select one:

a. propaganda ✔

b. religion

c. ruling power

d. beliefs

This refers to a set of philosophical, political, and ethical ideas which provide the basis for the aesthetic aspect of modernism.

Select one:

a. Postmodernity

b. Late Modernity

c. Modernization

d. Modernity ✔

The freedom of Latin America opened for export and import of goods.

Select one:

a. False

b. True ✔

Explores the social and political ills in the 20th Century.

Select one:

a. Surrealism

b. Magic Realism ✔

c. Magic Realism and Fantasy

d. Fantasy

e. Magic Realism and Realism

f. Realism

This was a means of combining both worlds of dream and fantasy.

Select one:

a. Surrealism ✔

b. Fantasy

c. Magic Realism

d. Modernism

Edward VII earned the title, "Edward the ____" because he secured good relationship between European countries.

Select one:

a. Peacemaker ✔

b. Good Man

c. Arbitrator

d. Pacifist