## Thesis Writing 1

This course provides an introduction to the skills necessary for conducting a study or we call it thesis writing. It is written for two audiences which are the undergraduate as well as postgraduate students in educational institutions, and also for practitioners wishing to know more about thesis writing, or those who need a practical, yet theoretically sound, reference. This course discuss the overview of research, starting with identifying the research question, designing the data collection process, collecting, and describing data. Also, it introduces essential data analysis techniques, and the basics of communicating the results, including a discussion on ethics.

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Content validity also known as logical validity.

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Equivalent test is an expression of how scores from the test are correlated with an external criterion.

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What kind of internal consistency is a method of establishing internal consistency in which a test is given only once to the respondents?

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What branch of statistics involves making generalizations about the population through a sample drawn from it?

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Measures of dispersion indicates where the center of the distribution tends to be located.
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involves tabulating, depicting, and describing a collection of data.

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Mode is the most frequently occurring score in a distribution.

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What is the term for middlemost value in a distribution below or above in which exactly 50% of cases are found is called medium.

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In refers to the number of individuals or cases located in each category on the scale of measurement.

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Which is not true about statistical treatment?

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Percentage is the proportion expressed in % (proportion x 100).

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What  kind of validity is determined by studying the questions to see whether they are able to elicit the necessary information?

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When a study investigates the common causes of absences, the content of the instrument must focus on these variables and indicators. This is called reliability.

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Good table is consistent with and is drawn in the same style/ similar figure in the same article, that is, lettering is of the same size and typeface.

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In summary of findings, it summarizes the principal features of the study.

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Circle or pie graph is also called a 100% graph

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This part showcases the data for easy understanding of the reader.

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It provides exact values and can illustrate effects efficiency as it enables the researcher to present a large amount of data in a small amount of space.

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Chart is used to describe the relations between and among parts of a group, or object or the sequence of operations in a process; a chart is usually a box connected with lines or arrows.

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It is used to represent simple quantitative differences between groups?

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shows relations- comparisons and distribution in a set of data like absolute values, percentages, or index numbers.

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IN summary of findings,  the researchers must restatement of the main problem and sub-problems.

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These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. This is?

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An example of this question is "How can catering services be organized to promote job satisfaction? What type of Research question is this?

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Which of the following is the External criteria in formulating research problem?

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Ethical considerations falls under what criteria?

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They are adopted as a premise to the solution of the problem under study. This is _______?

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The setting of the problem describes to the reader the place where the research was conducted, as the setting has a significant bearing on the variables being studied.

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The basic form of a research questions involves the use of question words such as who, what, where, when, why, and how.

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A research title must not come from personal experience, an article read, a scene witnessed or news heard for it will invalidate the study.

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It is very significant to note that the researcher must be totally aware of the purpose of the research problem.

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Approval sheet contains the following except,

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There are three generally types of questions formulated in research.These are non researchable  question, researchable question and open-ended questions.

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What element of the Theoretical framework  is the showcase of theses or dissertations carrying the same variables must be read by the researcher to determine previous findings regarding the same variables studied in the present thesis.

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This is the kind of reading which everyone does and is demonstrated by an individual who passes from illiteracy to literacy.

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The general problem is followed by specific problems that are usually stated as questions the researcher seeks to answer.

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Title page has the following contents except,

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Which of the following is not true about Research title?

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This element of Theoretical framework contains theories that are partially or fully related to the present study are discussed to serve as a backgrounder on the variables being investigated.

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Acknowledgement sheet should be  placed immediately after the title page. Generally, it contains statements of recommendation and acceptance.

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Time factor falls under what criteria?

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These questions usually yield hypothesis testing or experimental study designs in which the researcher manipulates the variables to see what will happen.

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The research title must have 10 to 15 words.

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Asking the level of performance is considered as?

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Situation-producing question answers the "How can I make it happen" questions.

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Experience, training, and professional qualifications falls under what criteria?

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Age is considered as what type of research question.

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During the Defense which of the following must be done last?

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What do you call the factor-naming questions?
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The question "What relationships and interrelationships are observed between and among the following variables?" is what kind of research question?

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The Title page should be center-justified and in all capital letters, follows the inverted pyramid style, and is single-spaced.

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In writing the introduction, review of related theories are not necessary for they are to be discussed in the chapter 2 of the thesis.

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It is very significant to note that the researcher must be totally aware of the purpose of the study or research problem.

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This refers to a model which explains how variables are interrelated.

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External support is also an essential element to look into in determining whether a research is feasible or not.

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The references section should appear on a new page.

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What is the required spacing for thesis writing content?

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Factor-relating questions isolate, categorize, describe, or name factors and situations.

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What is the sponsorship by a department or the institution itself in the gathering of data and defraying the cost of the study?

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During the Defense which of the following the researchers must do first?

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It is a traditional practice that the review of related literature is divided into foreign and local.

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This is/These are tentative answers to the posted problems.

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The following are elements of the Problem and Its Background except,

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During the Defense which of the following must be done last?

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Acknowledgement sheet should be  placed immediately after the title page. Generally, it contains statements of recommendation and acceptance.

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The introduction is very important in establishing the affective setting of the research.

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Which of the following is the External criteria in formulating research problem?

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Which of the following is not true about Research title?

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The Title page should be center-justified and in all capital letters, follows the inverted pyramid style, and is single-spaced.

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During the Defense which of the following the researchers must do first?

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It is very significant to note that the researcher must be totally aware of the purpose of the research problem.

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A research title must not come from personal experience, an article read, a scene witnessed or news heard for it will invalidate the study.

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Asking the level of performance is considered as?

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The related literature is different from conceptual literature.

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Age is considered as what type of research question.

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The word theory is derived from the Latin word, theoria, which means “vision.”

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The basic form of a research questions involves the use of question words such as who, what, where, when, why, and how.

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It is a traditional practice that the review of related literature is divided into foreign and local.

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What is the one-page diagrammatic presentation of the variables of the thesis for easy understanding?

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Situation-producing question answers the "How can I make it happen" questions.

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The question "What relationships and interrelationships are observed between and among the following variables?" is what kind of research question?

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These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. This is?

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The question "What relationships and interrelationships are observed between and among the following variables?" is what kind of research question?

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In this part of thesis writing, important terms used in the study must be defined clearly. Some of these terms appear in the thesis title, statement of the problem, paradigm of the study, and in the scope and delimitation.

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The introduction is very important in establishing the affective setting of the research.

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There are three generally types of questions formulated in research.These are non researchable  question, researchable question and open-ended questions.

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These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. What type of question is this?

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A research title must not come from personal experience, an article read, a scene witnessed or news heard for it will invalidate the study.

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derived from the Latin word, theoria, which means “vision.”
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What type of a sampling in which all the members of the entire population are given a chance of being selected?

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External support is also an essential element to look into in determining whether a research is feasible or not.

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Purposive sampling is also called accidental or incidental sampling.

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There is no significant relationship between the reasons for using alternative medicine and the level of comfort of the patients. This is an example of null hypothesis.

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It is a traditional practice that the review of related literature is divided into foreign and local.

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What is the one-page diagrammatic presentation of the variables of the thesis for easy understanding?

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These questions usually yield hypothesis testing or experimental study designs in which the researcher manipulates the variables to see what will happen.

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This technique is used to analyze primary or secondary sources that are available mostly in rural health units, hospitals, or community halls.

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During the Defense which of the following must be done last?

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The sources of stress are related to the different coping mechanisms among businessmen. This statement is an example of what kind of hypothesis?

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The result of the clearer understanding of the theoretical or conceptual framework is a diagrammatic presentation of the study called the .

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The following are essential elements of the Research Methodology except,

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Systematic sampling is a method of selecting every nth element of the population e.g., every fifth, eighth, ninth, or eleventh element.

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This is used when relating and assessing the effects of two or more variables. What type of paradigm is this?

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The basic form of a research questions involves the use of question words such as who, what, where, when, why, and how.

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What kind of hypothesis is formulated when predicting relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable?

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What element of research methodology explains the specific type of research instrument that will be used such a questionnaire, checklist, questionnaire-checklist, interview schedule, teacher-devised test, and the like?

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The following are elements of the Problem and Its Background except,

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The following questions aid the researcher in formulating the introduction except  _______.

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This is/These are tentative answers to the posted problems.

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What is the hypothesis that always expressed affirmatively and is called substantive or scientific hypothesis?

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A parameter is a numeric characteristic of a sample.

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What element of the Theoretical framework  is the showcase of theses or dissertations carrying the same variables must be read by the researcher to determine previous findings regarding the same variables studied in the present thesis.

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Acknowledgement sheet should be  placed immediately after the title page. Generally, it contains statements of recommendation and acceptance.

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This is the kind of reading which everyone does and is demonstrated by an individual who passes from illiteracy to literacy.

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The Title page should be center-justified and in all capital letters, follows the inverted pyramid style, and is single-spaced.

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The related literature is different from conceptual literature.

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What is this kind of hypothesis that is always expressed as a negative statement?

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The studies can be in the form of theses, dissertations, or journal articles, among others. These are not considered as research literature.

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When a term is defined using books and dictionaries, then it is  defined. is considered as?

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The cognitive setting of the research involves rationalizing why there is a need to research the problem.

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This paradigm is used when the researcher is presenting an original paradigm. The requirement is that it must be scientific.

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These questions usually yield hypothesis testing or experimental study designs in which the researcher manipulates the variables to see what will happen.

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During the Defense which of the following the researchers must do first?

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Factor-relating questions isolate, categorize, describe, or name factors and situations.

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In Unstructured Observation, the researcher devices a checklist as a data collection tool in which expected behaviors of interest have been specified.

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In writing the introduction, review of related theories are not necessary for they are to be discussed in the chapter 2 of the thesis.

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Age is considered as what type of research question.

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What do you call the factor-naming questions?
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These are questions that are answerable by yes or no. This is?

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Situation-producing question answers the "How can I make it happen" questions.

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When a term is defined according to how it is used in the study, then it is operationally defined.

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