Introduction to Cybersecurity (CISCO)

IT6205A-2113T Introduction to Cybersecurity Introduction
(Chapter 2 Quiz)

 

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In what way are zombies used in security attacks?
Select one:
They target specific individuals to gain corporate or personal information.
They probe a group of machines for open ports to learn which services are running.
They are infected machines that carry out a DDoS attack.
They are maliciously formed code segments used to replace legitimate applications.

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Which tool is used to provide a list of open ports on network devices?
Select one:
Tracert
Nmap
Whois
Ping

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Which two characteristics describe a worm? (Choose two.)
Select one or more:
hides in a dormant state until needed by an attacker
is self-replicating
infects computers by attaching to software code
travels to new computers without any intervention or knowledge of the user
executes when software is run on a computer

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Which example illustrates how malware might be concealed?

Select one:
An attack is launched against the public website of an online retailer with the objective of blocking its response to visitors.
A botnet of zombies carry personal information back to the hacker.
A hacker uses techniques to improve the ranking of a website so that users are redirected to a malicious site.
An email is sent to the employees of an organization with an attachment that looks like an antivirus update, but the attachment actually consists of spyware.

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What is the most common goal of search engine optimization (SEO) poisoning?
Select one:
to increase web traffic to malicious sites
to build a botnet of zombies
to overwhelm a network device with maliciously formed packets
to trick someone into installing malware or divulging personal information

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What is the purpose of a rootkit?
Select one:
to masquerade as a legitimate program
to replicate itself independently of any other programs
to gain privileged access to a device while concealing itself
to deliver advertisements without user consent

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Which type of attack allows an attacker to use a brute force approach?

Select one:
denial of service
packet sniffing
password cracking
social engineering

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What is the primary goal of a DoS attack?
Select one:
to obtain all addresses in the address book within the server
to scan the data on the target server
to prevent the target server from being able to handle additional requests
to facilitate access to external networks

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