Culture and Psychology

Culture and Psychology


The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life.

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Refers to a prolonged, less intense, affective state that does not occur in response to something we experience.

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It came about in reaction to the dominance of Western approaches to the study of personality in non-Western settings.

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Two systematic ways in which companies can track work attitudes: through attitude surveys and what?

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Cultures do not differ in the social consequences that they assign to different emotions.

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Republicans are more likely to promote free-market policies such as tax breaks and business deregulation, while Democrats favor business regulation and government intervention as a way of promoting economic equality.

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It emphasizes the positive aspect of conflict and, as such, does not see the reconciliation of difference or the resolution of conflict as the only desirable outcomes of politics.

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The more negative the reward the more likely the employee will be highly motivated.

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It involves the study of the politics of different countries.

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This is an approach whereby they value social harmony, respectfulness, and group needs over individual needs.

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A process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation.

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The study of government and power is confined to political science.

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It asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal.

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Argued that lower level needs had to be satisfied before the next higher level need would motivate employees.

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He embarked on a research into the historical and cultural roots of Philippine Psychology.

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The reason why we need motivated employees.

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A product of the way individuals learn to coordinate desirable and useful activities with others.

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Despite different emotional display rules, our ability to recognize and produce facial expressions of emotion appears to be universal.

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It is the art, science, and practice of effectively managing government.

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Leadership is situation bound.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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In this phase of learning, the learner begins to gain skill in performing the task.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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People who live in this kind of cultures tend to believe that independence, competition, and personal achievement are important.

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Also called as intrinsic factors, such as achievement and recognition, that produces job satisfaction.

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Strong emotional responses are not associated with strong physiological arousal.

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According to this view, physiological arousal and emotional experience occur simultaneously, yet independently.

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Refers to the psychology born out of the experience, thought and orientation of the Filipinos, based on the full use of Filipino culture and language.

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This approach seeks to test Western ideas about personality in other cultures to determine whether they can be generalized and if they have cultural validity.

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The most important aspect of Sikolohiyang Pilipino definition.

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The study of political science is motivated by the need to understand the sources and consequences of political stability and revolution, of repression and liberty, of equality and inequality, of war and peace, of democracy and dictatorship.

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Which of the following is not one of the seven universal emotions described in this chapter?

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This is an approach whereby the theoretical framework and methodology emerge from the experiences of the people from the indigenous culture.

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The study of power in government —who gets what, and how.

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He simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

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The core of the behaviorist approach.

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Political scientists also study the social bases of politics.

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It is the combined approach, which serves as a bridge between Western and indigenous psychology as a way of understanding both universal and cultural variations in personality.

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It involves the study of specific policy problems and governmental responses to them.

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Political scientists attempt to analyze and understand historic political patterns in addition to specific political events.

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All settings for learning, including schools, are socially constructed contexts shaped by culture.

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At one time the spouses may have enjoyed each other, but then the excitement died away.

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It involves the study of how people participate in political processes and respond to political activity.

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A cultural display rule dictates the types and frequencies of emotional displays considered acceptable within a certain culture

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The psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction.

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It is the expression of emotion in terms of body position or movement.

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The study of the interactions between nations, international organizations, and multinational corporations.

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They are required to develop future visions, and to motivate the organizational members to want to achieve the visions.

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The feelings we have toward different aspects of the work environment.

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Considered to be acceptable human behavior varies from culture to culture and from time period to time period.

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In many Asian cultures, social harmony is prioritized over individual gain.

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It has long played a major role in human behavior and has led to the rapid spread of fashions and ideas in clothing, food, music, and forms of recreation.

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Refers to the psychology born out of the experience, thought and orientation of the Filipinos, based on the full use of Filipino culture and language.

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This approach seeks to test Western ideas about personality in other cultures to determine whether they can be generalized and if they have cultural validity.

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Every culture includes a somewhat different web of patterns and meanings.

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It was found out that people in individualist cultures displayed more personally oriented personality traits, whereas people in collectivist cultures displayed more socially oriented personality traits.

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Because Western-based personality assessments cannot fully capture the personality constructs of other cultures, the indigenous model has led to the development of personality assessment instruments that are based on constructs relevant to the culture being studied

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The most important aspect of Sikolohiyang Pilipino.

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The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life.

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It means looking for the indigenous psychology from within the culture itself and not just clothing a foreign body with a local dress.

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This is an approach whereby the theoretical framework and methodology emerge from the experiences of the people from the indigenous culture.

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A cultural display rule dictates the types and frequencies of emotional displays considered acceptable within a certain culture

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This is an approach whereby they value social harmony, respectfulness, and group needs over individual needs.

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Cultures do not differ in the social consequences that they assign to different emotions.

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It is which in Filipino directly refers to the wealth of ideas referred to by the philosophical concept of ‘essence’ and an entire range of psychological concepts from awareness to motives to behavior’’.

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People who live in this kind of cultures tend to believe that independence, competition, and personal achievement are important.

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Jose Rizal and Apolinario Mabini expressed satisfaction at the pejorative interpretations of Filipino behavior by Western observers.

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It came about in reaction to the dominance of Western approaches to the study of personality in non-Western settings.

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It is the combined approach, which serves as a bridge between Western and indigenous psychology as a way of understanding both universal and cultural variations in personality.

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The principal emphasis of Sikolohiyang Pilipino is to foster national identity and consciousness, social involvement, and psychology of language and culture.

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Political scientists usually organize the study of their own country into a separate sub discipline, so within the United States, it is recognized as its own specialty.

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Public administrators are also known as what?

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It is more idealistic and hopeful, emphasizing the problem-solving abilities of international institutions.

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It involves the study of philosophical thought about politics from ancient Greece to the present.

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The study of political science is motivated by the need to understand the sources and consequences of political stability and revolution, of repression and liberty, of equality and inequality, of war and peace, of democracy and dictatorship.

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It is the art, science, and practice of effectively managing government.

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It involves the study of how people participate in political processes and respond to political activity.

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He argues for the need to identify ‘the affirmative dimension of contestation'.

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Republicans are more likely to promote free-market policies such as tax breaks and business deregulation, while Democrats favor business regulation and government intervention as a way of promoting economic equality.

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The study of government and power is confined to political science.

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The study of the interactions between nations, international organizations, and multinational corporations.

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It is a process that makes possible the coexistence of difference and conflict.

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They are also known as "area specialists".

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It emphasizes the positive aspect of conflict and, as such, does not see the reconciliation of difference or the resolution of conflict as the only desirable outcomes of politics.

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Political scientists also study the social bases of politics.

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It involves the study of specific policy problems and governmental responses to them.

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It involves the study of the politics of different countries.

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Political scientists attempt to analyze and understand historic political patterns in addition to specific political events.

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The study of power in government —who gets what, and how.

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She argues, ‘if we want people to be free we must always allow for the possibility that conflict may appear and provide an arena where differences can be confronted’.

It can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals.

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Which of the following is not one of the seven universal emotions described in this chapter?

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IDENTIFICATION: It is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards.

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He simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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It is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively.

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It asserts that our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus.

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The psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction.

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In this phase of learning, the patient learns the overall picture of what the task is and the sequences involved.

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There is no best style of leadership. It all depends upon tackling with the situations.

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Leadership is situation bound.

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According to this theory, emotions are composed of two factors: physiological and cognitive.

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Argued that lower level needs had to be satisfied before the next higher level need would motivate employees.

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Motivated employees are less productive.

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. According to the ________ theory of emotion, emotional experiences arise from physiological arousal.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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It asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal.

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It denotes willing co-operation of the employees towards their work and getting them into confidence and winning their trust.

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The more negative the reward the more likely the employee will be highly motivated.

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Refers to a prolonged, less intense, affective state that does not occur in response to something we experience.

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In this phase of learning, the learner begins to gain skill in performing the task.

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Two systematic ways in which companies can track work attitudes: through attitude surveys and what?

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A process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation.

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Research suggests that we are quite sensitive to the emotional information communicated through body language, even if we’re not consciously aware of it.

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Emotion is not only displayed through facial expression.

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There is some evidence that men and women may differ in regulation of emotions

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Individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder have been shown to have reduced volumes of the ________.

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They are required to develop future visions, and to motivate the organizational members to want to achieve the visions.

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Once a desired behavior is established, intermittent reinforcement loses the behavior.

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It views learning as a function of the whole person and believe that learning cannot take place unless both the cognitive and affective domains are involved.

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It is designed to provide young people with the experiences necessary to adapt to the demands of modern society by providing a broad array of cultural knowledge of specific topics (e.g., reading, mathematics, and science) but also knowledge of how people interact with one another.

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It is the expression of emotion in terms of body position or movement.

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Strong emotional responses are not associated with strong physiological arousal.

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All settings for learning, including schools, are socially constructed contexts shaped by culture.

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The core of the behaviorist approach.

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It is achieved when the ratio of employee outcomes over inputs is equal to other employee outcomes over inputs.

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Also called as intrinsic factors, such as achievement and recognition, that produces job satisfaction.

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The reason why we need motivated employees.

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There may be gender differences involved in emotional processing.

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According to this view, physiological arousal and emotional experience occur simultaneously, yet independently.

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It states that employees strive for equity between themselves and other workers.

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The feelings we have toward different aspects of the work environment.

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A product of the way individuals learn to coordinate desirable and useful activities with others.

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Which of the following theories of emotion would suggest that polygraphs should be quite accurate at differentiating one emotion from another?

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It asserts that facial expressions are capable of influencing our emotions, meaning that smiling can make you feel happier.

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Despite different emotional display rules, our ability to recognize and produce facial expressions of emotion appears to be universal.

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Asserted that some emotions occur separately from or prior to our cognitive interpretation of them, such as feeling fear in response to an unexpected loud sound.

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A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates.

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A leader should treat employees on humanitarian terms.

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It simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

The more negative the reward the more likely the employee will be highly motivated.

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A process by which an executive can direct, guide and influence the behavior and work of others towards accomplishment of specific goals in a given situation.

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It is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards.

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A leader has to not only supervise but also play a guiding role for the subordinates.

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It is achieved when the ratio of employee outcomes over inputs is equal to other employee outcomes over inputs.

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A leader should treat employees on humanitarian terms.

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Once a desired behavior is established, intermittent reinforcement loses the behavior.

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It is based on the belief that employee effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to rewards.

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It is an important factor which can be achieved through expressing the work efforts to the subordinates, explaining them clearly their role and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively.

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It denotes willing co-operation of the employees towards their work and getting them into confidence and winning their trust.

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Motivated employees are less productive.

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Leadership is situation bound.

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The psychological process that gives behavior purpose and direction.

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They are required to develop future visions, and to motivate the organizational members to want to achieve the visions.

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It can be achieved through reconciling personal interests with organizational goals.

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Two systematic ways in which companies can track work attitudes: through attitude surveys and what?

Question 17

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The feelings we have toward different aspects of the work environment.

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Also called as intrinsic factors, such as achievement and recognition, that produces job satisfaction.

Question 19

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The reason why we need motivated employees.

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Argued that lower level needs had to be satisfied before the next higher level need would motivate employees.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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There is some evidence that men and women may differ in regulation of emotions.

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It asserts that emotions arise from physiological arousal.

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According to the ________ theory of emotion, emotional experiences arise from physiological arousal.

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Asserted that some emotions occur separately from or prior to our cogniti. ve interpretation of them, such as feeling fear in response to an unexpected loud sound.

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According to this theory, emotions are composed of two factors: physiological and cognitive.

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Which of the following is not one of the seven universal emotions described in this chapter?

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Question 8

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Strong emotional responses are not associated with strong physiological arousal.

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He simply states those employees' behaviors that lead to positive outcomes will be repeated and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes will not be repeated.

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The core of the behaviorist approach.

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Which of the following theories of emotion would suggest that polygraphs should be quite accurate at differentiating one emotion from another?

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Refers to a prolonged, less intense, affective state that does not occur in response to something we experience.

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It is the expression of emotion in terms of body position or movement.

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According to this view, physiological arousal and emotional experience occur simultaneously, yet independently.

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A product of the way individuals learn to coordinate desirable and useful activities with others.

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It asserts that our emotions are determined by our appraisal of the stimulus.

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The means through which we not only acquire skills and knowledge but values, attitudes, and emotional reactions as well.

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Individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder have been shown to have reduced volumes of the ________.

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All settings for learning, including schools, are socially constructed contexts shaped by culture.

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There may be gender differences involved in emotional processing.

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People with mental health problems can get better but may not recover completely.

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Partners in a worn out relationship are committed to a strong marriage. True or False?
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The basic source of culture.

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Genes or brain chemistry is an example of what mental health contributor?

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It is now called electroconvulsive treatment, and the therapy is still used, but with safeguards and under anesthesia.

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Here, the partners continue to enjoy each other and to build their relationship.

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Early mentally ill person treated very poorly. True or False?
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Considered as the way of life of people.

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It is the basic source of culture.

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He argued for more humane treatment of the mentally ill during the 1700’s.

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They invest time and energy into preventing behavior problems before them start.

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Psychological processes do not influence culture since it is a subjective aspect of a person. True or Fale?
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A culturally recognized union between people, called spouses that establishes rights and obligations between them.

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Family history of mental health problems is not a factor for mental health problem.

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Refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively for a biological relationship.

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Children with this kind of parents are likely to struggle with self-esteem issues.

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It is about the study of relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surrounding.

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Complete the statement: Talk to findrather than to blame or hurt your spouse.

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True or False. Partners in a growing relationship continue to grow individually.
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Does culture can be learned? Yes or no?

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Sometimes people in this kind of relationship fought even before they got married.

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It was run by state governments and local community hospitals focused on short-term care in replaced of asylum.

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It requires group health plans and insurers to make sure there is parity of mental health services.

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They don't devote much time or energy into meeting children's basic needs.

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Factors that contribute to mental health are biological factors, family history and.

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Use your differences inways.

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Positive mental health allows people to work unproductively. True or False?
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It includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act.

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A kind of parenting that use punishments instead of discipline.

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Facebook and Twitter are examples of what element of culture?

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These are the elements that do not survive people as physical artifacts.

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Today, most people suffering from mental illnesses are not hospitalized.

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Yelling or fighting with family and friends is an early warning sign of mental problem.

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It is about the study of relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surrounding.

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Started in 1954, these proved a tremendous help in controlling the symptoms of certain psychological disorders, such as psychosis.

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The first institutions created for the specific purpose of housing people with psychological disorders, but the focus was ostracizing them from society rather than treating their disorders.

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Pulling away from people and usual activities is an early sign of bad mental health. True or False?
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Some things aren’t worth fighting about, and some times are bad times for fighting. True or False?
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At one time the spouses may have enjoyed each other, but then the excitement died away.

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This parent usually takes on more of a friend role than a parent role.

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True or False. Couple should allow their partner to be perfect.
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Trauma or abuse is an example of what mental health contributor?

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A common diagnosis of individuals in mental hospitals, and it was often evidenced by symptoms like hallucinations and delusions, indicating a loss of contact with reality.

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She led reform efforts for mental health care in the United States.

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The process by which a person adopts the behavior patterns of the culture he lives in.

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The most common mental problem treatment in the past, often conducted by priests or other religious figures.

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It is define as the stock, or supply of materials, assets, money and staff, that people used to function effectively.

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It was also used, and the way the treatment was administered often broke patients’ backs.

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A process of afflicting small hole in the individual’s skull to release spirits from the body.

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They often encourage their children to talk with them about their problems, but they usually don't put much effort into discouraging poor choices or bad behavior.

Trauma or abuse is an example of what mental health contributor?

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The first institutions created for the specific purpose of housing people with psychological disorders, but the focus was ostracizing them from society rather than treating their disorders.

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It requires group health plans and insurers to make sure there is parity of mental health services.

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It was run by state governments and local community hospitals focused on short-term care in replaced of asylum.

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 The most common mental problem treatment in the past, often conducted by priests or other religious figures.

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Started in 1954, these proved a tremendous help in controlling the symptoms of certain psychological disorders, such as psychosis.

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Yelling or fighting with family and friends is an early warning sign of mental problem.

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Pulling away from people and usual activities is an early sign of bad mental health. True or False?
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It includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act.

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She led reform efforts for mental health care in the United States.

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A common diagnosis of individuals in mental hospitals, and it was often evidenced by symptoms like hallucinations and delusions, indicating a loss of contact with reality.

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He argued for more humane treatment of the mentally ill during the 1700’s.