Philosophy of Man with Logic and Critical Thinking

Philosophy of Man with Logic and Critical Thinking

This course helps students think clearly and critically. It assists them in presenting, defending and evaluating arguments. It hones the students’ reasoning skills and capacity to question and present them a wide variety of logical frameworks for them to evaluate arguments, discover and overcome biases, construct strong arguments and make reasonable and intelligent decisions. This course also covers human nature and the nature of the universe. It also includes topics about knowledge, perception, freedom and determinism, and the existence of God.



AnswersQuestions
Ad hominemBut Doctor, surely your advice that I should not drink coffee is not sound advice since you yourself often drink coffee.
ApprehensionIt is the beginning of knowledge. It is when we have an understanding or an idea of things that we can say we know.
TRUEThe aim of psychoanalysis therapy is to release repressed emotions and experiences, i.e. make the unconscious conscious.
A person cannot be both a friend and enemy at the same time.Which among the propositions is conjunctive?
TRUEPhilosophy is the science by which the natural light of reason studies the first causes or highest principles of all things.
Formal LogicThis discusses the conceptual patterns or structures needed for a valid and correct argument or
Ad baculumYou ought to try to study harder in school this year, Ron, because it will spare your parents the embarrassment of a letter from the instructor telling them you're slipping.
TRUEIf one concept agrees with a third term and the other disagrees with the same third term, then they disagree with each other. If A agrees with B, but C does not agree with A, then B and C do not agree with each other.
FALSESelf apprehension and comprehension are useful to put order in our universal concepts by ways of classification and to assign the proper nature of things when we try to understand and define them.
MetaphysicsThe study of the fundamental nature of existence as such, and the fundamental questions of
VegetativeThis corresponds to nutrition and growth, as well as reproduction.
TermIt is the external manifestation or sign of an idea. It is a written or spoken word.
AnalogousIt is a term that expresses a meaning that is partly different and partly the same, or meanings
TRUEFor Greeks, their Philosophy is cosmo-centric; "from where does everything come?"
UnivocalIt expresses only ONE meaning or sense when applied to several objects.
All of these people do not belong here.Which among the statements is a universal negative?
Dictum de NulloThis law states that whatever is denied universally, in a formal manner, of a logical whole or class, should also be denied of its logical parts.
JudgmentIt is the act by which the intellect relates or combines ideas or concepts.
IdAccording to Freud, which part of the mind is dominated by the pleasure principle?
Formal LogicThis discusses the conceptual patterns or structures needed for a valid and correct argument or inference. It deals with the correct patterns of argumentation.
Tell the manager of the incident.Which is not a proposition among the following statements?
Ad PopulumThose who say that extra-sensory perception is not reliable are mistaken. The police, Hollywood stars, and politicians have all relied on it.
ApprehensionIt is the beginning of knowledge. It is when we have an understanding or an idea of things that
Inductive ArgumentIt is a process of reasoning which proceeds from specific or particular instances to the formulation of general or universal principles or statements.
TRUEIf each of two concepts agrees respectively with the same third concept, then they also agree with each other. If A agrees with B, and B agrees with C, then A agrees with C.
FALSEAccording to Hume, all our more complex ideas can be reducible to more complicated ideas.
Ad PopulumPlato, the idealist, presented the three parts of soul namely:
FALSEFor Indians, their philosophy is Egocentric; "What am I doing here?"
CosmologyThe study of the nature of the universe or the cosmos.
Unconscious mindAccording to Freud, primitive instinctual motives and repressed memories are stored in the__________.
ActionMotion of the substance, commonly inducing a result in another thing. e.g. running, sawing,baking.
LogicThe study of science and art of correct inferential reasoning.
TRUEAs the comprehension of the idea increases, the extension decreases and vice versa.
Some tragedies are natural events.Which among the statements is a particular affirmative?
EnunciationIt is a pronouncement that is considered as the mental product of the act of judgment.
ActionMotion of the substance, commonly inducing a result in another thing. e.g. running, sawing,
Giraffes are all animals., All things are not permanent.Which among the statements is a universal affirmative?
A squash is not an eggplant.Which is NOT an example of affirmative judgment?
Straw ManYou support capital punishment just because you want an "eye for an eye," but I have several good reasons to believe that capital punishment is fundamentally wrong...
EgoAccording to Freud, which part of the mind is composed mainly of life and death instincts?
Inductive ArgumentIt is a process of reasoning which proceeds from specific or particular instances to the
JudgmentIt is the act by which the intellect relates or combines ideas or concepts.
TRUENo term may have a greater extension in the conclusion than in the premises. This applies to the
RationalismA Philosophical school of thought believes in the superiority of the mind in finding the truth and acquiring knowledge, but since pure reason tends to be very formalistic, they tend to be dogmatic.
Some warriors are not winners.Which among the statements is a particular negative?
TRUEIf one concept agrees with a third term and the other disagrees with the same third term,
Some politicians are liars.All are categorical or attributive proposition EXCEPT:
Ad ignorantiamNo mathematician has ever been able to demonstrate the truth of the variants of the Goldberg conjecture, so they cannot all be true.
FALSEPhilosophy is a review of what is right and what is wrong and aims to determine the right from the wrong and the wrong from reasoning.
TRUEAristotle believed that man had a natural drive for society, being a political animal, as well as for knowledge, God, and ultimately, happiness.
Begging the QuestionPlagiarism is deceitful because it is dishonest.
QuantityModification of substance with regards to the effect of having extended and measurable parts.
AnalogousIt is a term that expresses a meaning that is partly different and partly the same, or meanings that are related.
Ad verecundiamBut Mom, I don't see why I have to wear socks; Einstein never did wear socks.
Dictum de OmniThis law states that whatever is affirmed universally, in a formal manner, of a logical whole or class, should also be affirmed of its logical parts.
RepressionThe ego's mechanism for suppressing and forgetting instinctual impulses.
SyllogismOne form of deductive argument which is a set of three propositions, the first two being the premises and the last is the conclusion. The conclusion must always follow and must be derived from the premises.
Ad MisericordiamMia Lei has really worked hard on her term project, and she will really be depressed if she does not make an A. For these reasons, you just have to give her an A on her project.
AbstractionIt is the process by which the intellect strips the object of its nonessential qualities, retains the
TRUENo term may have a greater extension in the conclusion than in the premises. This applies to the two terms in the conclusion namely the major and the minor terms. If a term is used as a particular in the premise, it must remain particular in the conclusion, otherwise, the same
Love of wisdomPhilosophy is taken from the Greek words philo and sophia, which mean
TRUEPhilosophy is to be studied, not for the sake of any definite answers to its questions since no definite answers can be, as a rule, known to be true, but rather for the sake of the questions themselves.
TRUEA question is philosophical when it is reflexive.
Red HerringIt is ridiculous to have spent thousands of dollars to rescue those two whales trapped in the Arctic ice. Why, look at all the people trapped in jobs they don't like.
All of these people do not belong here.Some things are permanent.
Ad PopulumEveryone believes that men write the best novels; therefore, there is little doubt that they do so.