GE6102 - The Contemporary World

GE6102 - The Contemporary World 


The Contemporary World is a study of

=Current trends about Globalization

The Contemporary World is a study of:

=Current trends about Globalization

Among the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another

= Globalization in Culture

Social media has become a ubiquitous part of daily life, but this growth and evolution has been in the works since the late 70s. From primitive days of newsgroups, listservs and the introduction of early chat rooms, social media has changed the way we communicate, gather and share information, and given rise to a connected global society (Morrison, 2015). This evolution of social media is what aspect of globalization?

= Sociological

What is false about the difference between standard of life and quality of life in terms of Globalization?

=Standard of living pertains to the geographic area of an individual while Quality of life pertains to the level of the country he is living on

mong the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another.

=Globalization in Culture

The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish. What aspect of globalization deals with the establishment of UN in order to maintain international peace and security?

=Political

When businesses want to manufacture their products at a cheaper rate, they employ the services from developing countries which is possible in countries such as China and Cambodia, where manufacturing costs and wages are lower than highly developed countries. This business practice is called ____________.

=Outsourcing

The 2016 Global Estimates of Child Labour indicate that one-fifth of all African children are involved in child labour, a proportion more than twice as high as in any other region. Nine per cent of African children are in hazardous work, again highest of all the world's regions. Africa has the largest number of child labourers; 72.1 million African children are estimated to be in child labour and 31.5 million in hazardous work (International Labour Organization, 2017). The statement means that:

= Child labor deprives children of their childhood.

Economic globalization is the increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service, technology, and capital. Some sociologists, like William I. Robinson has argued that because a capitalist economy is premised on growth and expansion, a globalized economy is the inevitable result of ________________.

=Capitalism

KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, and the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Utah in 1952. By 1963, Sanders was fielding franchise requests without having to put in the legwork, and had more than 600 restaurants across the US and Canada selling Kentucky Fried Chicken. Years later, Kentucky Fried Chicken would establish its own restaurants around the world, and the rest is history. The success of KFC as a business is what attribute of global corporations?

=Value opportunity to expand

With around 20,000 stores in 63 countries, Starbucks, the world's most popular coffee house has made its mark from Brazil to China, where many thought it would fail to take off due to the cultural importance of tea drinking. The company has gone to great lengths to make sure that every Starbucks feels like a local coffee house, without losing brand consistency. For example, in China, a regional dislike for coffee was combatted with coffee-free drinks, whilst stores in Asia feature more adaptable seating arrangements to cater for larger groups. This effort is what attribute of a global corporation?

=Understand different cultures

In his book, The Modern World System, American sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein described high-income nations as the ____ of the world economy.

=Core

Which of the following is not true about the history of global market integration?

=The high costs of and the risks associated with long voyages did not limit trade to a relatively small set of commodities of high value relative to their weight and bulk.

It is the prevailing factor that influence the European nations-states to compete with their economical level through navigation and finding raw materials

= Mercantilism

The following are the roles of International Financial Institutions in the world. EXEPT

= Supports program of a country of quality education for all

The United Nations defines _____ as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

= Extreme poverty

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Economic globalization is the independence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services.

It is an attribute of Global Corporations that is considered as the most essential characteristic of any international business.

=Think Globallyv

The term international financial institution typically refers to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The last five banks are considered MDBs. What does MDBs stand for?

=Multilateral Development Banks

It is the statistical  study  of  human  populations.  It  includes  the study  of  the  size,  structure,  and  distributions  of  different  populations  and changes  in  them  in  response  to  birth,  migration,  aging,  and  death.

=Demography

The annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and net migration during the year

=Growth rate

Who is thepeople who return to their countries of origin after a period in another country.

=Return Migrants

It is the statistical study of human populations. It includes the study of the size, structure, and distributions of different populations and changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death

=. Demography

These regions are also called perceptual regions which are often based around a common cultural characteristic:

=Vernacular regions

Which of the following does not belong to the four pillars of urban life?

=Recreational

Who is the people who return to their countries of origin after a period in another country.

=Return Migrants

It is the statistical study of human populations:

=Demography

ASEAN +3 is a forum that functions as a coordinator of co-operation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and three other nations namely:

=China, Korea, Japan

What was the term used to describe several industrial countries and majority of these countries either practiced a socialistic system of government or a communist system of government?

=Second World

These are factors in the destination country that attract the individual or group to leave their home because of the opportunities presented in the new location were not available to them previously:

=Pull factor

Which of the following statements is not true?

= A pull factor refers to conditions which force people to leave their homes

The relationship between globalization and sustainability is multi-dimensional.

=True

A type of migration which refers to a move from one area (a province, district or municipality) to another within one country:

.=Internal migration

People who enter a country, usually in search of employment, without the necessary documents and permits:

=Irregular migrants

Which of the following is not considered a reason why people move across international borders:

=Religion

What term refers to the permanent change of residence by an individual or group excluding such movements as nomadism, migrant labor, commuting, and tourism, all of which are transitory in nature?

=Migration

People with qualifications as managers, executives, professionals, technicians or similar, who move within the internal labor markets of trans-national corporations and international organizations, or who seek employment through international labor markets for scarce skills:

=Highly skilled and business migrants

According to UN, the following countries are projected to be the top net receivers of international migrants (more than 100,000 annually) between 2015 and 2050:

=United States of America, Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and the Russian Federation

These are migrants who migrate for a limited period of time in order to take up employment and send money home:

=Temporary labor migrants

No one benefits in the globalization

=False

A narrower concept pertains to legal relationship between a state and a person.

=citizenship

An ideology that is similarly  geared towards a decrease of international barriers but with the aim of the economic betterment of the planet in mind, not the perpetuation of power and privilege in the hands of the western dominated economies like we see at work with the forces responsible for globalization.

=Internationalism

This is an approach to global economic resistance which is defined as a deliberate attempt to intervene in foreign trade by putting up barriers to trade

=Trade Protectionism

This sees that increasing aid is one of the many measures that are needed and that needs should be adapted in the international norms and standards.

= Helping the bottom billion

Globalization takes a linear approach to thinking and has been a contributor in bringing peace to various nations.

=False

According to Peski, it can be identified as a moral and ethical disposition that can guide the understanding of individuals or groups of local and global contexts, and remind them of their relative responsibilities within various communities. 

=  Global Citizenship

Global inequality is one of the downside of innovations

=True

This is aims at a more moral and equitable global economic system whereby price is not set by the market rather it is transparently negotiated by both producers and consumers

= Fair Trade

The deliberate attempt to intervene in foreign trade by putting up barriers to trade

=trade protectionism

Which of the following is a part of the Preliminary Pages?

= Abstract

Which of the following is NOT a part of the methods of the research paper?

=Rationale/Background of the Study

Which of the following is NOT a part of the Body of the research paper?

=Research Design

One of the aims of a Research paper is for students to know proper citation.

=True

Which of the following is a part of the discussions?

= Summary of Results

Which of the following is NOT part of the Preliminary Pages?

= Review of Related Literature

Which of the following is a part of the results?

=Data Presentation

The acceptable format for the Research is IMRaD

=True

IMRaD is an acronym for the main sections of a scientific article namely: Introduction, Materials, Results, and Discourse

=False

Students must make a research paper and the topic should be related to Industrialization

=False

It is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific and its 21 members aim to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration:

=APEC

In the Islam religion, Jesus is considered a ______.

=Prophet

The term _______ comes from the word medium which is defined as channel, means, or method:

=Media

A form of media consisting of paper and ink, reproduced in a printing process that is traditionally mechanical:

=Print media

The religion which was promulgated by the Prophet Muhammed in Arabia in the 7th century CE.

=. Islam

Which of the following statements is not true?

= Globalization brings a culture of monism, meaning religions "with overlapping but distinctive ethics and interests" interact with one another.

It is a regional organization comprising seven member states lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity:

=Uniform regions

Which of the following does not belong among the regional organizations in the Western Hemisphere?

=Gulf Cooperation Council

What is the shorthand term used to describe for poor or developing nations?

=Third World

Which of the following statements is not true?

= The South is comprised of countries with developing economies which were initially referred to as Second World countries during the Cold War.

What is a system of beliefs, rituals, and practices, usually institutionalized in one manner or another, which connects this world with the beyond and provides the bridge that allows humans to approach the divine, the universal life force that both encompasses and transcends the world?

= Religion

Which of the following statements is not true?

=With regard the skepticism surrounding global media, international communication argues that global media are in fact best described as Eastern media, at most of global scope.

These regions are also called perceptual regions which are often based around a common cultural characteristic:

=Vernacular region

It is a political and economic alliance of six countries in the Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates:

=Gulf Cooperation Council

In the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries, which countries in the southern hemisphere are labeled part of the North?

=New Zealand and Australia

What term is alternatively used to refer to Third World countries?

=Developing country

The term Buddha is a Sanskrit word which means:

=Awakened One

Which of the following statements is not true?

=The Arab League is a regional intergovernmental organization, which main goal is maintaining cooperation on political, economic, environmental, humanitarian, cultural and other issues between a number of former Soviet Republics.

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Culture can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Nodal regions also called perceptual regions, based around some central point or node; typically circular with fading boundaries.

What was the term used to describe several industrial countries and majority of these countries either practiced a socialistic system of government or a communist system of government?

=second World

What is the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries comprising the three worlds known as First, Second, and Third Worlds?

=North-South Divide

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Homogenous regionalism is institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region.

ASEAN +3 is a forum that functions as a coordinator of co-operation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and three other nations namely:

=China, Korea, Japan

Who introduced the "three worlds" model wherein the First World included the United States and its capitalist allies in places such as Western Europe, Japan and Australia; the Second World consisted of the communist Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites; and the Third World encompassed all the other countries that were not actively aligned with either side in the Cold War?

=Alfred Sauvy

This refers to industrial culture, organized on the model of mass production and is produced for a mass audience according to types (genres), following conventional formulas, codes, and rules.

=Media culture

What is the institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region?

=Economic regionalism

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Formed as a "club" of nation states, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization took some time to find out that cooperation with regional organizations might be of some use in improving social and economic living conditions as well as maintaining international peace and security and safeguarding the enjoyment of human rights.

It is a monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews:

= Judaism

A form of media, such as radio and television, that reach target audiences using airwaves as the transmission medium:

=Broadcast media

These organizations were established to link together geographically and ideologically related states:

=Regional organizations

The SAARC comprises of eight Member States: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. SAARC stands for:

=South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

It is a continuing process of forming regions as geopolitical units, as organized political cooperation within a particular group of states, and/or as regional communities such as pluralistic security communities:

=Regionalization

What was coined to refer to ethnically or religiously defined populations living within or across national boundaries, nations without a sovereign state, and indigenous groups that are nomadic, uncontacted or living outside of global society?

=Fourth World

Which of the following statements is not true?

=According to McLuhan, the world was entering a fourth ''age'' he called the iron age, where people everywhere would be able to find and experience the same information through technological tools

Dividing the countries in two hemispheres originated in which period?

=Cold War

A religious organization that claims to possess the truth about salvation exclusively wherein membership is by childbirth: new generations are born into the church and are formally inducted through baptism:

= Church

It is currently the world's largest religious group stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century AD:

=Christianity

Who coined the term "global village" which describes the phenomenon of the world's culture shrinking and expanding at the same time due to pervasive technological advances that allow for instantaneous sharing of culture?

=Marshall McLuhan

The term used to describe the role of media in promoting transparency in public life and public scrutiny of those with power through exposing corruption, maladministration and corporate wrong-doing:

=Watchdog

Aside from South Korea, the only Asian country belonging to the First World category is:

=Japan

It is the proneness of the governments and peoples of two or more states to establish voluntary associations and to pool together resources in order to create common functional and institutional arrangements and a process occurring in a given geographical region by which different types of actors come to share certain fundamental values and norms:

=Regionalism

Which of the following statements is not true?

=The "three worlds" model of geopolitics first arose in the mid-18th century as a way of mapping the various players in the Cold War.

He is viewed as the sole God-creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world in the Islam religion:

=Allah

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Media are a vehicle for cultural expression and cultural incoherence within and between nations.

A non-traditional form of religion, the doctrine of which is taken from diverse sources, either from non-traditional sources or local narratives or an amalgamation of both, whose members constitute either a loosely knit group or an exclusive group, which emphasizes the belief in the divine element within the individual, and whose teachings are derived from either a real or legendary figure, the purpose of which is to aid the individual in the full realization of his or her spiritual powers and/or union with the Divine:

= Cult

According to some scholars, the oldest living religion on Earth is ______:

= Hinduism

Who theorized that the 1st World was composed of the "superpowers" - US, Soviet Union, etc; the 2nd World was composed of lesser powers; and the 3rd World was composed of post-colonial emerging markets?

=Mao Zedong

What takes place when a country dominates others through its media exports, including advertising messages, films, and television and radio programming?

= Cultural imperialism

The level of personal or family income below which one is classified as poor according to governmental standards:

=Poverty line

Which of the following examples does not refer to resources and markets as factors affecting economic globalization

=The founding of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is a comprehensive, internationally binding agreement on the rights of children, a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. When was the treaty adopted by the United Nations?=

=UN General Assembly 1989

Through the Eight Millennium Development Goals, United Nations (UN) has addressed the different problems around the world and ranking first is the eradication of the extreme poverty and hunger, under what circumstances bellow makes this problem different in all parts of the globe.

=Standards of Life

One of the traditional challenges of a country is an invasion of other countries, which is also called:

=External intervention

The United Nations defines _____ as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

=Extreme poverty

Which of the following examples refers to generation issues as factors influencing economic globalization?

=Toyota factories and assembling plants in different parts of the globe

The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The United Nations is responsible for maintaining ceasefires and stabilizing situations on the ground, providing crucial support for political efforts to resolve conflict by peaceful means. Those missions consisted of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. Which unit of the United Nations is responsible for these efforts?

=Security Council

The following statements are correct about globalization except for the following:

=Globalization is a recent phenomenon which traces its origin in the Information Age and thrived because of the presence of social media and new technologies.

Korean Pop music or more famously known as K-pop has become a truly global phenomenon because of its distinctive blend of addictive melodies, slick choreography and production values, and an endless parade of attractive South Korean performers who spend years in grueling studio systems learning to sing and dance in synchronized perfection. Aside from the music, K-pop has also influenced the global audience in terms of fashion, movies, dramas, and cuisine. K-pop has been building for two decades, but K-pop in particular has become increasingly visible to global audiences in the past five to 10 years. South Korean artists have hit the Billboard Hot 100 chart at least eight times since the Wonder Girls first cracked it in 2009 with their crossover hit "Nobody" - released in four different languages, including English - and the export of K-pop has ballooned South Korea's music industry to an impressive $5 billion industry. K-pop is what aspect of globalization?

=Cultural

The level of riches, comfort, material merchandise, cash and necessities accessible to a specific financial class in a specific region is called:

=Way of life

Which of the following is not true about the attributes of global corporations?

= Companies that invest in the internet and produce web-based products are more unlikely to grow globally because there is more money involved in their international expansion.

With around 20,000 stores in 63 countries, Starbucks, the world's most popular coffee house has made its mark from Brazil to China, where many thought it would fail to take off due to the cultural importance of tea drinking. The company has gone to great lengths to make sure that every Starbucks feels like a local coffee house, without losing brand consistency. For example, in China, a regional dislike for coffee was combatted with coffee-free drinks, whilst stores in Asia feature more adaptable seating arrangements to cater for larger groups. This effort is what attribute of a global corporation?

= Understand different cultures

Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Netherlands, Japan, and the United States colonized countries and spread their empires. These nations have created global economic, political, cultural, and social connections around the world. The extending of a country's power and influence is called:

=Imperialism

According to Albert Subbloie, CEO and Founder of Tangoe, a good benchmark of whether your company should continue efforts in a country is when _______ percent of your business is coming from outside the United States.

=20-50%

Social media has become a ubiquitous part of daily life, but this growth and evolution has been in the works since the late 70s. From primitive days of newsgroups, listservs and the introduction of early chat rooms, social media has changed the way we communicate, gather and share information, and given rise to a connected global society (Morrison, 2015). This evolution of social media is what aspect of globalization?

=Sociological

It is the prevailing factor that influence the European nations-states to compete with their economical level through navigation and finding raw materials.

=Mercantilism

Which of the following is not true about the history of global market integration?

= The high costs of and the risks associated with long voyages did not limit trade to a relatively small set of commodities of high value relative to their weight and bulk

The Contemporary World is a study of:

= Current trends about Globalization

What is the timeframe over which a product is created, passed on to exhibit, and over the long run removed from the world market?

=Item life cycle

Among the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another.

= Globalization in Culture

In January 1989, the UN Security Council passed a resolution to implement in April the resolution to establish the UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) and called for material and personnel support from member countries. In November, a constitutional assembly election was held under observation of the UNTAG. As a result, this country became independent in March 1990 and joined the United Nations in April:

=Namibia

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Economic globalization is the independence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services.

Long before Airbnb persuaded strangers to sleep in one another's homes and became a $25 billion company, it was just an idea to make extra bucks and make rent. It started with an email. Joe Gebbia sent his roommate, Brian Chesky, an idea: What if they made a designer's bed and breakfast, complete with a sleeping mat and breakfast? It was a way to "make a few bucks." Almost nine years later that idea is worth $25 billion. They created a simple site, airbedandbreakfast.com, and bought three air mattresses. The duo had met at college at the Rhode Island School of Design, so they thought acting as tour guides to designers would be a fun way to make money. By 2011, four years after the first air mattress guests, Airbnb was already in 89 countries and had hit 1 million nights booked on the platform. It also finally won the break-out mobile app award at SXSW - despite having tried to launch there three years earlier (Carson, 2016). What attribute of global corporations contributed to the success of Airbnb?

=Turbo-charged by the internet

McDonald's marketing has different strategy in different regions. Even in Asia, the advertising content for each country is different. For example, in Japan, most Japanese have high preferences on animations and the animation in Japan is the fastest growing industry as well. So McDonald's tends to use more animation elements for marketing and advertising. It aims to attract more target customers, including kids, teenagers, and even young adults. Many well-known cartoons were used in McDonald's advertisement marketing that enhances the attractiveness and popularity of products. In Malaysia, the Halal logo are indicated in all kinds of Halal food advertising. It also emphasizes on good values with draw attentions of local customs. The customs in different areas presents diversity. McDonald's also considered the local eating habits to practice the different marketing strategies. For example, many Chinese people choose Chinese food for breakfast, McDonald's launched a Chinese-style breakfast based on the eating habits (Li, 2016). What attribute of global corporations does McDonald's practice?

= Understand different cultures

The work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development is called:

 = Child labor

The European Union grew out of a desire for peace in a war-torn and divided continent. Five years after World War II ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure their two countries would never go to war against each other again. The result was a deal signed by six nations to pool their coal and steel resources in 1950. Seven years later a treaty signed in Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC) - the foundations of today's European Union. The UK was one of three new members to join in the first wave of expansion in 1973. Today the EU has 28 member states with a total population of more than 500 million (bbc.com). The founding of the European Union is influenced by what aspect of globalization?

= Political

In an outsourcing work, how did capitalist from the emerging countries benefits from the developing countries in many service-related positions?

=Expanding their business in other country have hidden expenses

Since joining the world body in 1956, this country has all along positioned cooperation with the United Nations as a major pillar of its diplomacy. It has cooperated in UN activities in a wide range of areas, making the second largest financial contributions among the member States next only to the United States:

=Japan

It is an economic phenomenon that has discernibly political and social connotations and is intrinsically bound to western cultural imperialism.

=Globalization

The Contemporary World is a study of

=Current trends about Globalization

The Contemporary World is a study of:

=Current trends about Globalization

Among the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another

=Globalization in Culture

Social media has become a ubiquitous part of daily life, but this growth and evolution has been in the works since the late 70s. From primitive days of newsgroups, listservs and the introduction of early chat rooms, social media has changed the way we communicate, gather and share information, and given rise to a connected global society (Morrison, 2015). This evolution of social media is what aspect of globalization?

=Sociological

What is false about the difference between standard of life and quality of life in terms of Globalization?

=Standard of living pertains to the geographic area of an individual while Quality of life pertains to the level of the country he is living on

Among the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another.

=Globalization in Culture

The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish. What aspect of globalization deals with the establishment of UN in order to maintain international peace and security?

=Political

When businesses want to manufacture their products at a cheaper rate, they employ the services from developing countries which is possible in countries such as China and Cambodia, where manufacturing costs and wages are lower than highly developed countries. This business practice is called ____________.

=Outsourcing

The 2016 Global Estimates of Child Labour indicate that one-fifth of all African children are involved in child labour, a proportion more than twice as high as in any other region. Nine per cent of African children are in hazardous work, again highest of all the world's regions. Africa has the largest number of child labourers; 72.1 million African children are estimated to be in child labour and 31.5 million in hazardous work (International Labour Organization, 2017). The statement means that:

= Child labor deprives children of their childhood.

Economic globalization is the increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service, technology, and capital. Some sociologists, like William I. Robinson has argued that because a capitalist economy is premised on growth and expansion, a globalized economy is the inevitable result of ________________.

=Capitalism

KFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, and the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Utah in 1952. By 1963, Sanders was fielding franchise requests without having to put in the legwork, and had more than 600 restaurants across the US and Canada selling Kentucky Fried Chicken. Years later, Kentucky Fried Chicken would establish its own restaurants around the world, and the rest is history. The success of KFC as a business is what attribute of global corporations?

=Value opportunity to expand

With around 20,000 stores in 63 countries, Starbucks, the world's most popular coffee house has made its mark from Brazil to China, where many thought it would fail to take off due to the cultural importance of tea drinking. The company has gone to great lengths to make sure that every Starbucks feels like a local coffee house, without losing brand consistency. For example, in China, a regional dislike for coffee was combatted with coffee-free drinks, whilst stores in Asia feature more adaptable seating arrangements to cater for larger groups. This effort is what attribute of a global corporation?

=Understand different cultures

In his book, The Modern World System, American sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein described high-income nations as the ____ of the world economy.

=Core

Which of the following is not true about the history of global market integration?

=The high costs of and the risks associated with long voyages did not limit trade to a relatively small set of commodities of high value relative to their weight and bulk.

It is the prevailing factor that influence the European nations-states to compete with their economical level through navigation and finding raw materials.

= Mercantilism

The following are the roles of International Financial Institutions in the world. EXEPT:

=Supports program of a country of quality education for all

The United Nations defines _____ as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

=Extreme poverty

Which of the following statements is not true?

= Economic globalization is the independence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services.

It is an attribute of Global Corporations that is considered as the most essential characteristic of any international business.

= Think Globally

The term international financial institution typically refers to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The last five banks are considered MDBs. What does MDBs stand for?

= Multilateral Development Banks

The level of personal or family income below which one is classified as poor according to governmental standards:

=Poverty line

Which of the following examples does not refer to resources and markets as factors affecting economic globalization

=The founding of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is a comprehensive, internationally binding agreement on the rights of children, a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. When was the treaty adopted by the United Nations?

=UN General Assembly 1989

Through the Eight Millennium Development Goals, United Nations (UN) has addressed the different problems around the world and ranking first is the eradication of the extreme poverty and hunger, under what circumstances bellow makes this problem different in all parts of the globe.

=Standards of Life

One of the traditional challenges of a country is an invasion of other countries, which is also called:

=External intervention

The United Nations defines _____ as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.

=Extreme poverty

Which of the following examples refers to generation issues as factors influencing economic globalization?

=Toyota factories and assembling plants in different parts of the globe

The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The United Nations is responsible for maintaining ceasefires and stabilizing situations on the ground, providing crucial support for political efforts to resolve conflict by peaceful means. Those missions consisted of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. Which unit of the United Nations is responsible for these efforts?

=Security Council

The following statements are correct about globalization except for the following:

=Globalization is a recent phenomenon which traces its origin in the Information Age and thrived because of the presence of social media and new technologies.

Korean Pop music or more famously known as K-pop has become a truly global phenomenon because of its distinctive blend of addictive melodies, slick choreography and production values, and an endless parade of attractive South Korean performers who spend years in grueling studio systems learning to sing and dance in synchronized perfection. Aside from the music, K-pop has also influenced the global audience in terms of fashion, movies, dramas, and cuisine. K-pop has been building for two decades, but K-pop in particular has become increasingly visible to global audiences in the past five to 10 years. South Korean artists have hit the Billboard Hot 100 chart at least eight times since the Wonder Girls first cracked it in 2009 with their crossover hit "Nobody" - released in four different languages, including English - and the export of K-pop has ballooned South Korea's music industry to an impressive $5 billion industry. K-pop is what aspect of globalization?

=Cultural

The level of riches, comfort, material merchandise, cash and necessities accessible to a specific financial class in a specific region is called:

=Way of life

Which of the following is not true about the attributes of global corporations?

=Companies that invest in the internet and produce web-based products are more unlikely to grow globally because there is more money involved in their international expansion.

With around 20,000 stores in 63 countries, Starbucks, the world's most popular coffee house has made its mark from Brazil to China, where many thought it would fail to take off due to the cultural importance of tea drinking. The company has gone to great lengths to make sure that every Starbucks feels like a local coffee house, without losing brand consistency. For example, in China, a regional dislike for coffee was combatted with coffee-free drinks, whilst stores in Asia feature more adaptable seating arrangements to cater for larger groups. This effort is what attribute of a global corporation?

=Understand different cultures

Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Netherlands, Japan, and the United States colonized countries and spread their empires. These nations have created global economic, political, cultural, and social connections around the world. The extending of a country's power and influence is called:

=Imperialism

According to Albert Subbloie, CEO and Founder of Tangoe, a good benchmark of whether your company should continue efforts in a country is when _______ percent of your business is coming from outside the United States.

= 20-50%

Social media has become a ubiquitous part of daily life, but this growth and evolution has been in the works since the late 70s. From primitive days of newsgroups, listservs and the introduction of early chat rooms, social media has changed the way we communicate, gather and share information, and given rise to a connected global society (Morrison, 2015). This evolution of social media is what aspect of globalization?

=Sociological

It is the prevailing factor that influence the European nations-states to compete with their economical level through navigation and finding raw materials.

=Mercantilism

Which of the following is not true about the history of global market integration?

= The high costs of and the risks associated with long voyages did not limit trade to a relatively small set of commodities of high value relative to their weight and bulk.

The Contemporary World is a study of:

=Current trends about Globalization

What is the timeframe over which a product is created, passed on to exhibit, and over the long run removed from the world market?

=Item life cycle

Among the different conceptions about globalization, which pertains to the global spread and integration of ideas, values, norms, behaviors, and ways of life of a certain country to another.

= Globalization in Culture

In January 1989, the UN Security Council passed a resolution to implement in April the resolution to establish the UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) and called for material and personnel support from member countries. In November, a constitutional assembly election was held under observation of the UNTAG. As a result, this country became independent in March 1990 and joined the United Nations in April:

=Namibia

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Economic globalization is the independence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services.

Long before Airbnb persuaded strangers to sleep in one another's homes and became a $25 billion company, it was just an idea to make extra bucks and make rent. It started with an email. Joe Gebbia sent his roommate, Brian Chesky, an idea: What if they made a designer's bed and breakfast, complete with a sleeping mat and breakfast? It was a way to "make a few bucks." Almost nine years later that idea is worth $25 billion. They created a simple site, airbedandbreakfast.com, and bought three air mattresses. The duo had met at college at the Rhode Island School of Design, so they thought acting as tour guides to designers would be a fun way to make money. By 2011, four years after the first air mattress guests, Airbnb was already in 89 countries and had hit 1 million nights booked on the platform. It also finally won the break-out mobile app award at SXSW - despite having tried to launch there three years earlier (Carson, 2016). What attribute of global corporations contributed to the success of Airbnb?

=Turbo-charged by the internet

McDonald's marketing has different strategy in different regions. Even in Asia, the advertising content for each country is different. For example, in Japan, most Japanese have high preferences on animations and the animation in Japan is the fastest growing industry as well. So McDonald's tends to use more animation elements for marketing and advertising. It aims to attract more target customers, including kids, teenagers, and even young adults. Many well-known cartoons were used in McDonald's advertisement marketing that enhances the attractiveness and popularity of products. In Malaysia, the Halal logo are indicated in all kinds of Halal food advertising. It also emphasizes on good values with draw attentions of local customs. The customs in different areas presents diversity. McDonald's also considered the local eating habits to practice the different marketing strategies. For example, many Chinese people choose Chinese food for breakfast, McDonald's launched a Chinese-style breakfast based on the eating habits (Li, 2016). What attribute of global corporations does McDonald's practice?

=Understand different cultures

The work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development is called:

=Child labor

The European Union grew out of a desire for peace in a war-torn and divided continent. Five years after World War II ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure their two countries would never go to war against each other again. The result was a deal signed by six nations to pool their coal and steel resources in 1950. Seven years later a treaty signed in Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC) - the foundations of today's European Union. The UK was one of three new members to join in the first wave of expansion in 1973. Today the EU has 28 member states with a total population of more than 500 million (bbc.com). The founding of the European Union is influenced by what aspect of globalization?

=Politica

In an outsourcing work, how did capitalist from the emerging countries benefits from the developing countries in many service-related positions?

= Expanding their business in other country have hidden expenses

Since joining the world body in 1956, this country has all along positioned cooperation with the United Nations as a major pillar of its diplomacy. It has cooperated in UN activities in a wide range of areas, making the second largest financial contributions among the member States next only to the United States:

=Japan

It is an economic phenomenon that has discernibly political and social connotations and is intrinsically bound to western cultural imperialism.

=Globalization

It is the statistical  study  of  human  populations.  It  includes  the study  of  the  size,  structure,  and  distributions  of  different  populations  and changes  in  them  in  response  to  birth,  migration,  aging,  and  death.

=Demography

The annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and net migration during the year:

=Growth rate

Who is thepeople who return to their countries of origin after a period in another country.

=. Return Migrant

It is the statistical study of human populations. It includes the study of the size, structure, and distributions of different populations and changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death

=Demography

These regions are also called perceptual regions which are often based around a common cultural characteristic:

=Vernacular regions

Which of the following does not belong to the four pillars of urban life?

= Recreational

Who is the people who return to their countries of origin after a period in another country.

=Return Migrants

It is the statistical study of human populations:

=Demography

ASEAN +3 is a forum that functions as a coordinator of co-operation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and three other nations namely:

=China, Korea, Japanv

What was the term used to describe several industrial countries and majority of these countries either practiced a socialistic system of government or a communist system of government?

=Second World

These are factors in the destination country that attract the individual or group to leave their home because of the opportunities presented in the new location were not available to them previously:

=Pull factor

Which of the following statements is not true?

= A pull factor refers to conditions which force people to leave their homes.

The relationship between globalization and sustainability is multi-dimensional.

=True

A type of migration which refers to a move from one area (a province, district or municipality) to another within one country:

= Internal migration

People who enter a country, usually in search of employment, without the necessary documents and permits:

= Irregular migrants

Which of the following is not considered a reason why people move across international borders:

=. Religion

What term refers to the permanent change of residence by an individual or group excluding such movements as nomadism, migrant labor, commuting, and tourism, all of which are transitory in nature?

= Migration

People with qualifications as managers, executives, professionals, technicians or similar, who move within the internal labor markets of trans-national corporations and international organizations, or who seek employment through international labor markets for scarce skills:

= Highly skilled and business migrants

According to UN, the following countries are projected to be the top net receivers of international migrants (more than 100,000 annually) between 2015 and 2050:

=United States of America, Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and the Russian Federation

These are migrants who migrate for a limited period of time in order to take up employment and send money home:

=Temporary labor migrants

It is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific and its 21 members aim to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration:

=APEC

In the Islam religion, Jesus is considered a ______.

= Prophet

The term _______ comes from the word medium which is defined as channel, means, or method:

= Media

A form of media consisting of paper and ink, reproduced in a printing process that is traditionally mechanical:

= Print media

The religion which was promulgated by the Prophet Muhammed in Arabia in the 7th century CE.

=Islam

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Globalization brings a culture of monism, meaning religions "with overlapping but distinctive ethics and interests" interact with one another.

It is a regional organization comprising seven member states lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity:

=BIMSTEC

These regions are also called formal regions wherein some trait is shared with relative uniformity across the space.

=Uniform regions

Which of the following does not belong among the regional organizations in the Western Hemisphere?

=Gulf Cooperation Council

What is the shorthand term used to describe for poor or developing nations?

=Third World

Which of the following statements is not true?

=The South is comprised of countries with developing economies which were initially referred to as Second World countries during the Cold War.

What is a system of beliefs, rituals, and practices, usually institutionalized in one manner or another, which connects this world with the beyond and provides the bridge that allows humans to approach the divine, the universal life force that both encompasses and transcends the world?

=Religion

Which of the following statements is not true?

=With regard the skepticism surrounding global media, international communication argues that global media are in fact best described as Eastern media, at most of global scope.

These regions are also called perceptual regions which are often based around a common cultural characteristic:

=Vernacular regions

It is a political and economic alliance of six countries in the Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates:

=Gulf Cooperation Council

In the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries, which countries in the southern hemisphere are labeled part of the North?

=New Zealand and Australia

What term is alternatively used to refer to Third World countries?

= Developing country

The term Buddha is a Sanskrit word which means:

=Awakened On

Which of the following statements is not true?

=The Arab League is a regional intergovernmental organization, which main goal is maintaining cooperation on political, economic, environmental, humanitarian, cultural and other issues between a number of former Soviet Republics.

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Culture can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.v

Which of the following statements is not true?=

=Nodal regions also called perceptual regions, based around some central point or node; typically circular with fading boundaries.

What was the term used to describe several industrial countries and majority of these countries either practiced a socialistic system of government or a communist system of government?

=Second World

What is the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries comprising the three worlds known as First, Second, and Third Worlds?

=North-South Divide

Which of the following statements is not true?

=Homogenous regionalism is institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region.

ASEAN +3 is a forum that functions as a coordinator of co-operation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and three other nations namely:

=China, Korea, Japan

Who introduced the "three worlds" model wherein the First World included the United States and its capitalist allies in places such as Western Europe, Japan and Australia; the Second World consisted of the communist Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites; and the Third World encompassed all the other countries that were not actively aligned with either side in the Cold War?

=Alfred Sauvy

This refers to industrial culture, organized on the model of mass production and is produced for a mass audience according to types (genres), following conventional formulas, codes, and rules.

= Media culture

What is the institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region?

=Economic regionalism

Which of the following statements is not true?

=. Formed as a "club" of nation states, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization took some time to find out that cooperation with regional organizations might be of some use in improving social and economic living conditions as well as maintaining international peace and security and safeguarding the enjoyment of human rights.

It is a monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews:

=Judaism

A form of media, such as radio and television, that reach target audiences using airwaves as the transmission medium:

= Broadcast media

These organizations were established to link together geographically and ideologically related states:

=Regional organizations

The SAARC comprises of eight Member States: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. SAARC stands for:

=. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

It is a continuing process of forming regions as geopolitical units, as organized political cooperation within a particular group of states, and/or as regional communities such as pluralistic security communities:

=Regionalization

What was coined to refer to ethnically or religiously defined populations living within or across national boundaries, nations without a sovereign state, and indigenous groups that are nomadic, uncontacted or living outside of global society?

=Fourth World

Which of the following statements is not true?

=According to McLuhan, the world was entering a fourth ''age'' he called the iron age, where people everywhere would be able to find and experience the same information through technological tools

Dividing the countries in two hemispheres originated in which period?

=Cold War

A religious organization that claims to possess the truth about salvation exclusively wherein membership is by childbirth: new generations are born into the church and are formally inducted through baptism:

=Church

It is currently the world's largest religious group stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century AD:

= Christianity

Who coined the term "global village" which describes the phenomenon of the world's culture shrinking and expanding at the same time due to pervasive technological advances that allow for instantaneous sharing of culture?

=Marshall McLuhan

The term used to describe the role of media in promoting transparency in public life and public scrutiny of those with power through exposing corruption, maladministration and corporate wrong-doing:

=Watchdog

Aside from South Korea, the only Asian country belonging to the First World category is:

=Japan

It is the proneness of the governments and peoples of two or more states to establish voluntary associations and to pool together resources in order to create common functional and institutional arrangements and a process occurring in a given geographical region by which different types of actors come to share certain fundamental values and norms:

=Regionalism

Which of the following statements is not true?

=The "three worlds" model of geopolitics first arose in the mid-18th century as a way of mapping the various players in the Cold War.

He is viewed as the sole God-creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world in the Islam religion:

=Allah

Which of the following statements is not true?

= Media are a vehicle for cultural expression and cultural incoherence within and between nations.

A non-traditional form of religion, the doctrine of which is taken from diverse sources, either from non-traditional sources or local narratives or an amalgamation of both, whose members constitute either a loosely knit group or an exclusive group, which emphasizes the belief in the divine element within the individual, and whose teachings are derived from either a real or legendary figure, the purpose of which is to aid the individual in the full realization of his or her spiritual powers and/or union with the Divine:

= Cult

According to some scholars, the oldest living religion on Earth is ______:

= Hinduism

Who theorized that the 1st World was composed of the "superpowers" - US, Soviet Union, etc; the 2nd World was composed of lesser powers; and the 3rd World was composed of post-colonial emerging markets?

=Mao Zedong

What takes place when a country dominates others through its media exports, including advertising messages, films, and television and radio programming?

= Cultural imperialism

No one benefits in the globalization

=False

A narrower concept pertains to legal relationship between a state and a person.

=citizenship

An ideology that is similarly  geared towards a decrease of international barriers but with the aim of the economic betterment of the planet in mind, not the perpetuation of power and privilege in the hands of the western dominated economies like we see at work with the forces responsible for globalization.

=Internationalism

This is an approach to global economic resistance which is defined as a deliberate attempt to intervene in foreign trade by putting up barriers to trade

=Trade Protectionism

This sees that increasing aid is one of the many measures that are needed and that needs should be adapted in the international norms and standards.

= Helping the bottom billion\

Globalization takes a linear approach to thinking and has been a contributor in bringing peace to various nations.

=False

According to Peski, it can be identified as a moral and ethical disposition that can guide the understanding of individuals or groups of local and global contexts, and remind them of their relative responsibilities within various communities.

=Global Citizenship

Global inequality is one of the downside of innovations

=True

This is aims at a more moral and equitable global economic system whereby price is not set by the market rather it is transparently negotiated by both producers and consumers

= Fair Trade

The deliberate attempt to intervene in foreign trade by putting up barriers to trade

=trade protectionism