The Contemporary World

The Contemporary World

This course introduces students to the contemporary world by examining the multifaceted phenomenon of globalization. Using the various disciplines of the social sciences, it examines the economic, social, political, technological, and other transformations that have created an increasing awareness of the interconnectedness of peoples and places around the globe. To this end, the course provides an overview of the various debates in global governance, development, and sustainability. Beyond exposing the student to the world outside the Philippines, it seeks to inculcate a sense of global citizenship and global ethical responsibility.
OutsourcingWhen businesses want to manufacture their products at a cheaper rate, they employ the services from developing countries which is possible in countries such as China and Cambodia, where manufacturing costs and wages are lower than highly developed countries. This business practice is called ____________.
Human capitalWhat attribute of a global city refers to having a storehouse of smart, educated, creative people?
Understand different culturesMcDonald's marketing has different strategy in different regions. Even in Asia, the advertising content for each country is different. For example, in Japan, most Japanese have high preferences on animations and the animation in Japan is the fastest growing industry as well. So McDonald's tends to use more animation elements for marketing and advertising. It aims to attract more target customers, including kids, teenagers, and even young adults. Many well-known cartoons were used in McDonald's advertisement marketing that enhances the attractiveness and popularity of products. In Malaysia, the Halal logo are indicated in all kinds of Halal food advertising. It also emphasizes on good values with draw attentions of local customs. The customs in different areas presents diversity. McDonald's also considered the local eating habits to practice the different marketing strategies. For example, many Chinese people choose Chinese food for breakfast, McDonald's launched a Chinese-style breakfast based on the eating habits (Li, 2016). What attribute of global corporations does McDonald's practice?
Sustainable DevelopmentThe development of our world today by using the earth's resources and the preservation of such sources for the future is called
The founding of the World Trade Organization (WTO)Which of the following examples refers to political factor influencing economic globalization?
Neoliberals________ see the effort of environmentalists as serious impediments to trade
Educational PlanningThis is one of the importance of demography that is concerned with the youth and providing them this basic right for schooling
ReligionWhat is a system of beliefs, rituals, and practices, usually institutionalized in one manner or another, which connects this world with the beyond and provides the bridge that allows humans to approach the divine, the universal life force that both encompasses and transcends the world?
MediaThe term _______ comes from the word medium which is defined as channel, means, or method:
According to McLuhan, the world was entering a fourth ''age'' he called the iron age, where people everywhere would be able to find and experience the same information through technological tools.Which of the following statements is not true?
Gulf Cooperation CouncilIt is a political and economic alliance of six countries in the Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates:
The correct answer is 'True'.One of the downsides of globalization is the inverted relationship of population growth and the availability of resources.
CapitalismEconomic globalization is the increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service, technology, and capital. Some sociologists, like William I. Robinson has argued that because a capitalist economy is premised on growth and expansion, a globalized economy is the inevitable result of ________________.
All of the choices.Which of the following statements is true about the effects of globalization?
Uniform regionsThese regions are also called formal regions some trait is shared with relative uniformity across the space.
Nodal regions also called perceptual regions, based around some central point or node; typically circular with fading boundaries.Which of the following statements is not true?
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Having Education
Elderly Dependency RateThis the ratio between the elderly population and the working age (15-64 years)
Transnational corporationThe rise of global cities has been linked with the expansion of the role of TNCs in global production patterns. TNC stands for:
The South is comprised of countries with developing economies which were initially referred to as Second World countries during the Cold War.Which of the following statements is not true?
Population ageingThe phenomenon wherein fertility declines and life expectancy rises, the proportion of the population above a certain age rises as well:
The correct answer is 'False'.The solutions to the problems of globalization is dependent on its citizens
CoreIn his book, The Modern World System, American sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein described high-income nations as the ____ of the world economy.
Fair TradeThis is aims at a more moral and equitable global economic system whereby price is not set by the market rather it is transparently negotiated by both producers and consumers
Digital mediaThis form of media is also known as new media, consisting of contents that are organized and distributed on digital platforms:
Research DesignWhich of the following is NOT a part of the Body of the research paper?
GovernmentA group of people who has the ultimate authority to act on behalf of a state is called:
Population ProjectionThis provide a basis for other statistical projections, helping governments in their decision making and it is measured in terms of annual growth rate and in thousands of people
JapanAside from South Korea, the only Asian country belonging to the First World category is:
ChurchA religious organization that claims to possess the truth about salvation exclusively wherein membership is by childbirth: new generations are born into the church and are formally inducted through baptism:
The correct answer is 'False'.It is impossible to transfer the idea of global citizenship at a global level
North-South DivideIt is a socio-economic and political divide of countries, comprising the three worlds known as First, Second, and Third Worlds.
ResponsibilityIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Paying Taxes
August 1990When did the UN Security Council decided on comprehensive and mandatory sanctions, for the first time in the past 22 years against Iraq's invasion of Kuwait?
Item life cycleWhat is the timeframe over which a product is created, passed on to exhibit, and over the long run removed from the world market?
The correct answer is 'True'.Global Security should be a priority for all countries regardless if it is developed or less developed
Turbo-charged by the internetLong before Airbnb persuaded strangers to sleep in one another's homes and became a $25 billion company, it was just an idea to make extra bucks and make rent. It started with an email. Joe Gebbia sent his roommate, Brian Chesky, an idea: What if they made a designer's bed and breakfast, complete with a sleeping mat and breakfast? It was a way to "make a few bucks." Almost nine years later that idea is worth $25 billion. They created a simple site, airbedandbreakfast.com, and bought three air mattresses. The duo had met at college at the Rhode Island School of Design, so they thought acting as tour guides to designers would be a fun way to make money. By 2011, four years after the first air mattress guests, Airbnb was already in 89 countries and had hit 1 million nights booked on the platform. It also finally won the break-out mobile app award at SXSW - despite having tried to launch there three years earlier (Carson, 2016). What attribute of global corporations contributed to the success of Airbnb?
JudaismIt is the complex phenomenon of a total way of life for the Jewish people, comprising theology, law, and innumerable cultural traditions:
Free Trade________ is associated with environmental damage but it also puts emphasis on the expansion of manufacturing,
Civil societyThis includes private economy, educational institutions, churches, hospitals, fraternal organizations, and other non-profit organizations:
Third WorldThe term ______ is often used as shorthand for poor or developing nations.
Planning for Food SupplyThis is one of the importances of demography that is concerned with providing basic needs of people as more and more are experiencing inadequacies in this basic need.
The correct answer is 'False'.Innovations have been in phenomenal in the past centuries and all of these have been advantageous to humans, society and the world
UN General Assembly 1989The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is a comprehensive, internationally binding agreement on the rights of children, a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. When was the treaty adopted by the United Nations?
Multilateral Development BanksThe term international financial institution typically refers to the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The last five banks are considered MDBs. What does MDBs stand for?
InstitutionThe decision, the conflict, and the resolution of that conflict are done through the ______ of the government established and codified in that particular state, whether or not through elections:
Industrial RevolutionEconomic Development was hastened by
ProphetIn the Islam religion, Jesus is considered a ______.
Fourth WorldWhat was coined to refer to ethnically or religiously defined populations living within or across national boundaries, nations without a sovereign state, and indigenous groups that are nomadic, uncontacted or living outside of global society?
EuropeWhat area has the greatest percentage of population aged 60 or over
Global cityIt is an urban center that enjoys significant competitive advantages and that serves as a hub within a globalized economic system:
Regional organizationsThese organizations were established to link together geographically and ideologically related states:
BIMSTECIt is a regional organization comprising seven member states lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity:
Global villageWhat is the term coined by Marshall McLuhan which describes the phenomenon of the world's culture shrinking and expanding at the same time due to pervasive technological advances that allow for instantaneous sharing of culture?
OutsourcingMany American companies are now transferring technology development, customer service, financial and administrative jobs to international markets. India is the leading recipient of the outsourcing of information technology functions like software development and maintenance, and also BPOs. The latter includes back-office functions like accounting, human resources, call centers and data analysis (DiCarlo, 2003). The practice of farming out jobs from a home base to other countries, largely in an effort to cut costs is called:
Way of lifeThe level of riches, comfort, material merchandise, cash and necessities accessible to a specific financial class in a specific region is called:
DemocracyThis is one of the progressive values/forces that are considered as products of globalization that is about the freedom and rights of a nation's citizens
Trade ProtectionismThis is an approach to global economic resistance which is defined as a deliberate attempt to intervene in foreign trade by putting up barriers to trade
Grant financingThis type of financing is provided by the Multilateral Development Banks to member countries, mostly for technical assistance, advisory services, or project preparation:
APECIt is a regional economic forum established in 1989 to leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific and its 21 members aim to create greater prosperity for the people of the region by promoting balanced, inclusive, sustainable, innovative and secure growth and by accelerating regional economic integration:
Health PlanningThis is one of the importance of social demography that is concerned with the welfare specifically of the mother and child, specially the problem faced of mothers during pregnancy which is malnutrition
New Zealand and AustraliaIn the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries, which countries in the southern hemisphere are labeled part of the North?
Housing PlanningThis is one of the importance of demography that is concerned with providing the growing number of population which has a direct impact on the increase for the need for shelter
Pull factorThese are factors in the destination country that attract the individual or group to leave their home because of the opportunities presented in the new location were not available to them previously:
ChristianityIt is currently the world's largest religious group stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century AD:
Irregular migrantsPeople who enter a country, usually in search of employment, without the necessary documents and permits:
Media are a vehicle for cultural expression and cultural incoherence within and between nations.Which of the following statements is not true?
Media cultureThis refers to industrial culture, organized on the model of mass production and is produced for a mass audience according to types (genres), following conventional formulas, codes, and rules.
Awakened OneThe term Buddha is a Sanskrit word which means:
Statement of the ProblemWhich of the following is NOT a part of the methods of the research paper?
Cultural imperialismWhat takes place when a country dominates others through its media exports, including advertising messages, films, and television and radio programming?
Child labor deprives children of their childhood.The 2016 Global Estimates of Child Labour indicate that one-fifth of all African children are involved in child labour, a proportion more than twice as high as in any other region. Nine per cent of African children are in hazardous work, again highest of all the world's regions. Africa has the largest number of child labourers; 72.1 million African children are estimated to be in child labour and 31.5 million in hazardous work (International Labour Organization, 2017). The statement means that:
International migrationA type of migration which refers to territorial relocation of people between nation-states:
Improved Survival Rate and High Fertility RateWhat are the two factors identified to be contributors to the increase in population?
WatchdogThe term used to describe the role of media in promoting transparency in public life and public scrutiny of those with power through exposing corruption, maladministration and corporate wrong-doing:
Second WorldWhat was the term used to describe several industrial countries and majority of these countries either practiced a socialistic system of government or a communist system of government?
SociologicalSocial media has become a ubiquitous part of daily life, but this growth and evolution has been in the works since the late 70s. From primitive days of newsgroups, listservs and the introduction of early chat rooms, social media has changed the way we communicate, gather and share information, and given rise to a connected global society (Morrison, 2015). This evolution of social media is what aspect of globalization?
The correct answer is 'False'.One of the benefits of globalization is the eradication of global inequality
RecreationalWhich of the following does not belong to the four pillars of urban life?
Total Fertility RateThis is the total number of children that would be born to each woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing year
The correct answer is 'True'.Humans treatment of resources as exhaustible will cause long term problems for the future generation
The "three worlds" model of geopolitics first arose in the mid-18th century as a way of mapping the various players in the Cold War.Which of the following statements is not true?
JapanSince joining the world body in 1956, this country has all along positioned cooperation with the United Nations as a major pillar of its diplomacy. It has cooperated in UN activities in a wide range of areas, making the second largest financial contributions among the member States next only to the United States:
Eradicate extreme hunger and povertyThe Millennium Development Goals were the eight international development goals created by the United Nations for the year 2015 to address the different problems in the world. Which of the following ranked first in the eight development goals?
GeographyIt is the statistical study of human populations:
The correct answer is 'True'.Global inequality is one of the downside of innovations
Security CouncilThe United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The United Nations is responsible for maintaining ceasefires and stabilizing situations on the ground, providing crucial support for political efforts to resolve conflict by peaceful means. Those missions consisted of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. Which unit of the United Nations is responsible for these efforts?
The correct answer is 'False'.Trade protectionism is in line with the principles of free trade by the neoliberalists
Uniform regionsThese regions are also called formal regions wherein some trait is shared with relative uniformity across the space.
Poverty lineThe level of personal or family income below which one is classified as poor according to governmental standards:
Committee on International Assistance and VerificationConflicts in Central America made major progress toward a peaceful settlement, thanks to an active role played by the United Nations. A general election was held on February 25, 1990. What was the name of the committee established by UN in response to a request by Central American countries, which started its activity to ensure the dissolution and repatriation of the anti-government guerrillas?
PoliticalThe European Union grew out of a desire for peace in a war-torn and divided continent. Five years after World War II ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure their two countries would never go to war against each other again. The result was a deal signed by six nations to pool their coal and steel resources in 1950. Seven years later a treaty signed in Rome created the European Economic Community (EEC) - the foundations of today's European Union. The UK was one of three new members to join in the first wave of expansion in 1973. Today the EU has 28 member states with a total population of more than 500 million (bbc.com). The founding of the European Union is influenced by what aspect of globalization?
Economic regionalismWhat is the institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region?
Homogenous regionalism is institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between countries in the same geographic region.Which of the following statements is not true?
Europeans traveled around the globe to barter crafts and furs in exchange for silks and perfumes in the Middle AgesWhich of the following examples refers to historical factor influencing economic globalization?
AllahHe is viewed as the sole God-creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world in the Islam religion:
CulturalKorean Pop music or more famously known as K-pop has become a truly global phenomenon because of its distinctive blend of addictive melodies, slick choreography and production values, and an endless parade of attractive South Korean performers who spend years in grueling studio systems learning to sing and dance in synchronized perfection. Aside from the music, K-pop has also influenced the global audience in terms of fashion, movies, dramas, and cuisine. K-pop has been building for two decades, but K-pop in particular has become increasingly visible to global audiences in the past five to 10 years. South Korean artists have hit the Billboard Hot 100 chart at least eight times since the Wonder Girls first cracked it in 2009 with their crossover hit "Nobody" - released in four different languages, including English - and the export of K-pop has ballooned South Korea's music industry to an impressive $5 billion industry. K-pop is what aspect of globalization?
Employment PlanningThis is one of the importance of demography that is concerned with creating a plan of action in providing job security for people.
Reducing Trade BarrierThis is one of the identified way to reduce economic marginalization of people and nations
Long-term loansThis type of financing is provided by Multilateral Development Banks to member countries, with maturities of up to 20 years, based on market interest rates. The financial resources for these loans are obtained by borrowing on the international capital markets and re-lend to borrowing governments in developing countries:
Growth rateThe annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and net migration during the year:
IslamThe religion which was promulgated by the Prophet Muhammed in Arabia in the 7th century CE.
A pull factor refers to conditions which force people to leave their homes.Which of the following statements is not true?
Cold WarDividing the countries in two hemispheres originated in which period?
International Financial InstitutionsThese institutions provide financial support and professional advice for economic and social development activities in developing countries and promote international economic cooperation and stability:
BuddhismThe five largest religions in the world are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and:
PoliticalThe United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish. What aspect of globalization deals with the establishment of UN in order to maintain international peace and security?
United States of America, Germany, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and the Russian FederationAccording to UN, the following countries are projected to be the top net receivers of international migrants (more than 100,000 annually) between 2015 and 2050:
ImperialismBritain, France, Germany, Russia, Netherlands, Japan, and the United States colonized countries and spread their empires. These nations have created global economic, political, cultural, and social connections around the world. The extending of a country's power and influence is called:
The correct answer is 'True'.Environmental degradation comes with globalization
CitizenshipThis is one of the identified reasons why
Measure successPhilip Morris International is an American cigarette and tobacco company which sells its products in 180 countries outside the United States. In the Forbes Global 2000 List, it grabbed the top spot with foreign revenue unsurprisingly accounting for 100 percent of total revenue, considering that it sells its products exclusively overseas. What attribute of global corporations does Philip Morris International employ?
ResponsibilityIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Allegiance to the nation
Print mediaA form of media consisting of paper and ink, reproduced in a printing process that is traditionally mechanical:
Globalization is a recent phenomenon which traces its origin in the Information Age and thrived because of the presence of social media and new technologies.The following statements are correct about globalization except for the following:
PopulationThis refers to all nationals present in, or temporarily absent from a country, and aliens permanently settled in a country. This indicator shows the number of people that usually live in an area:
PeaceThis is one of the progressive values/forces that are considered as products of globalization that is about creating an environment of harmonious relationship of the citizens and the government of a nation
North-South DivideWhat is the distinct socio-economic and political categorization of countries comprising the three worlds known as First, Second, and Third Worlds?
Summary of ResultsWhich of the following is a part of the discussions?
The Arab League is a regional intergovernmental organization, which main goal is maintaining cooperation on political, economic, environmental, humanitarian, cultural and other issues between a number of former Soviet Republics.Which of the following statements is not true?
Environmentalist_____________argue that environmental issues should be given priority over economic issues
Data PresentationWhich of the following is a part of the results?
Child laborThe work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development is called:
ChinaThe most populous country in the world today is:
Alfred SauvyWho introduced the "three worlds" model wherein the First World included the United States and its capitalist allies in places such as Western Europe, Japan and Australia; the Second World consisted of the communist Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites; and the Third World encompassed all the other countries that were not actively aligned with either side in the Cold War?
Growth RateThis refers to the annual changes in population resulting from births, deaths and net migration during the year
External interventionOne of the traditional challenges of a country is an invasion of other countries, which is also called:
RegionalismIt is the proneness of the governments and peoples of two or more states to establish voluntary associations and to pool together resources in order to create common functional and institutional arrangements and a process occurring in a given geographical region by which different types of actors come to share certain fundamental values and norms:
ChurchMembership in this religious organization is by childbirth wherein new generations are born into it and are formally inducted through baptism:
CulturalDabbing, or the dab, is a simple dance move in which a person drops the head into the bent crook of a slanted arm, typically while raising the opposite arm in a parallel direction but out straight; both arms are pointed to the side and at an upward angle. Since 2015, it has also been used as a gesture of triumph or playfulness, becoming a youthful American dance fad and Internet meme (Ducey, 2015). Since the trend has gone viral, young Filipinos also picked it up as a playful pose. The dab fad in the Philippines is what aspect of globalization?
Elderly populationThis refers to the group of population who are aged 65 years old and above
AutonomyThis is one of the progressive values/forces that are considered as products of globalization that is about the independence of nations
Mao ZedongWho theorized that the 1st World was composed of the "superpowers" - US, Soviet Union, etc; the 2nd World was composed of lesser powers; and the 3rd World was composed of post-colonial emerging markets?
The correct answer is 'False'.Due to technological innovations, particularly in science and technology, we will not have problems in catching up with much needed resources to survive
The high costs of and the risks associated with long voyages did not limit trade to a relatively small set of commodities of high value relative to their weight and bulk.Which of the following is not true about the history of global market integration?
RegionalizationIt is a continuing process of forming regions as geopolitical units, as organized political cooperation within a particular group of states, and/or as regional communities such as pluralistic security communities:
The correct answer is 'False'.Globalization takes a linear approach to thinking and has been a contributor in bringing peace to various nations.
PopulationThis refers to all nationals present in, or temporarily absent from a country, and aliens permanently settled in a country
Membership in the regional development banks is limited to countries from the region.Which of the following statements is not true?
Global SecurityThis means delivering sufficient food to the entire world population
Carefully chosen international partnersNike and Apple's "Nike+" is a co-branding collaboration which started as as a way to bring music from Apple to Nike customers' workouts using the power of technology: Nike+iPod created fitness trackers and sneakers and clothing that tracked activity while connecting people to their tunes. It's a genius co-branding move that helps both parties provide a better experience to customers - and with the popularity of fitness tracking technology, Nike+ is ahead of the curve by making it easy for athletes to track while they play. What attribute of global corporations do Nike and Apple employ?
8 BIllionIt is estimated that around 2050, the world requires to feed around __________people
Developing countryWhat term is alternatively used to refer to Third World countries?
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Freedom of Speech
The correct answer is 'False'.The relationship between globalization and sustainability is multi-dimensional ---it involves economic, political and socials aspects
Review of Related LiteratureWhich of the following is NOT part of the Preliminary Pages?
The correct answer is 'False'.Efforts to counter the effect of climate change have the full support of governments and corporations
NamibiaIn January 1989, the UN Security Council passed a resolution to implement in April the resolution to establish the UN Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) and called for material and personnel support from member countries. In November, a constitutional assembly election was held under observation of the UNTAG. As a result, this country became independent in March 1990 and joined the United Nations in April:
The correct answer is 'True'.Experts believe that technological innovations can sustain a growing economy
With regard the skepticism surrounding global media, international communication argues that global media are in fact best described as Eastern media, at most of global scope.Which of the following statements is not true?
The correct answer is 'True'.Global Citizens may be considered as a new breed of people who can travel across and within various boundaries
Marshall McLuhanWho coined the term "global village" which describes the phenomenon of the world's culture shrinking and expanding at the same time due to pervasive technological advances that allow for instantaneous sharing of culture?
The founding of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)Which of the following examples does not refer to resources and markets as factors affecting economic globalization
South Asian Association for Regional CooperationThe SAARC comprises of eight Member States: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. SAARC stands for:
Helping the bottom billionThis sees that increasing aid is one of the many measures that are needed and that needs should be adapted in the international norms and standards.
Right and ResponsibilityIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Voting
Third WorldWhat is the shorthand term used to describe for poor or developing nations?
ChinaWhat is the top most populous country in the world according to Time
Gulf Cooperation CouncilWhich of the following does not belong among the regional organizations in the Western Hemisphere?
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Having privacy and security
Item life cycle_____ is the timeframe over which a thing is created, passed on to exhibit, and over the long run removed from the world market.
China, Korea, JapanASEAN +3 is a forum that functions as a coordinator of co-operation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and three other nations namely:
Value opportunity to expandKFC was founded by Colonel Harland Sanders, an entrepreneur who began selling fried chicken from his roadside restaurant in Corbin, Kentucky during the Great Depression. Sanders identified the potential of the restaurant franchising concept, and the first "Kentucky Fried Chicken" franchise opened in Utah in 1952. By 1963, Sanders was fielding franchise requests without having to put in the legwork, and had more than 600 restaurants across the US and Canada selling Kentucky Fried Chicken. Years later, Kentucky Fried Chicken would establish its own restaurants around the world, and the rest is history. The success of KFC as a business is what attribute of global corporations?
Mao ZedongWho theorized that the 1st World was composed of the "superpowers" - US, Soviet Union, etc; the 2nd World was composed of lesser powers; and the 3rd World was composed of post-colonial emerging markets.
ImperialismBritain, France, Germany, Russia, Netherlands, Japan, and the United States colonized countries spread their empires. These nations have created global economic, political, cultural, and social connections around the world. The extending of a country's power and influence is called:
InternationalismAn ideology that is similarly geared towards a decrease of international barriers but with the aim of the economic betterment of the planet in mind, not the perpetuation of power and privilege in the hands of the western dominated economies:
Global CitizenshipThis can be defined "as a moral and ethical disposition that can guide the understanding of individuals or groups of local and global contexts, and remind them of their relative responsibilities within various communities."
Extreme povertyThe United Nations defines _____ as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.
TelegraphRapid expansion of global communications can be traced back to the mechanical advancements of technologies during the 18th/19th centuries, which began with the invention of the _______ in 1837:
AbstractWhich of the following is a part of the Preliminary Pages?
CultA non-traditional form of religion, the doctrine of which is taken from diverse sources, either from non-traditional sources or local narratives or an amalgamation of both, whose members constitute either a loosely knit group or an exclusive group, which emphasizes the belief in the divine element within the individual, and whose teachings are derived from either a real or legendary figure, the purpose of which is to aid the individual in the full realization of his or her spiritual powers and/or union with the Divine:
The correct answer is 'True'.Resistance to globalization is multiple, complex, contradictory and ambiguous
SocialWhich of the following is NOT a multi dimensional factor of globalization and sustainability
The semi-periphery of the world economy is the manufacturing base of the planet.Based on the Modern World System of Immanuel Wallerstein, which of the following statements is incorrect?
EfficiencyThis refers to finding the fastest possible way of producing large amounts of a certain product or achieving more in less possible time
Globalization is a recent phenomenon which traces its origin in the Information Age and thrived because of the presence of social media and new technologies.Which of the following statements is not true about globalization?
Vernacular regionsThese regions are also called perceptual regions which are often based around a common cultural characteristic:
Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerAmong the eight Millennium Development Goals created by the United Nations in the 1990's, which ranked first?
ReligionWhich of the following is not considered a reason why people move across international borders:
The correct answer is 'False'.Citizens of a country entails him/her rights and privileges but no responsibility
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Having Protection from the government
Globalization brings a culture of monism, meaning religions "with overlapping but distinctive ethics and interests" interact with one another.Which of the following statements is not true?
Trade ProtectionismThis involves systematic government intervention in foreign trade through tariffs and non- tariffs barriers in order to encourage domestic producers and deter their foreign competitors.
Understand different culturesWith around 20,000 stores in 63 countries, Starbucks, the world's most popular coffee house has made its mark from Brazil to China, where many thought it would fail to take off due to the cultural importance of tea drinking. The company has gone to great lengths to make sure that every Starbucks feels like a local coffee house, without losing brand consistency. For example, in China, a regional dislike for coffee was combatted with coffee-free drinks, whilst stores in Asia feature more adaptable seating arrangements to cater for larger groups. This effort is what attribute of a global corporation?
Internal migrationA type of migration which refers to a move from one area (a province, district or municipality) to another within one country:
20-50%According to Albert Subbloie, CEO and Founder of Tangoe, a good benchmark of whether your company should continue efforts in a country is when _______ percent of your business is coming from outside the United States.
Formed as a "club" of nation states, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization took some time to find out that cooperation with regional organizations might be of some use in improving social and economic living conditions as well as maintaining international peace and security and safeguarding the enjoyment of human rights.Which of the following statements is not true?
SectA religious organization requiring a high level of commitment and activity wherein members are expected to support its teachings and to comply with its lifestyle, which may be strict and ascetic:
Highly skilled and business migrantsPeople with qualifications as managers, executives, professionals, technicians or similar, who move within the internal labor markets of trans-national corporations and international organizations, or who seek employment through international labor markets for scarce skills:
CitizenshipThis pertains to legal relationship between a state and a person.
Companies that invest in the internet and produce web-based products are more unlikely to grow globally because there is more money involved in their international expansion.Which of the following is not true about the attributes of global corporations?
The correct answer is 'True'.A movement from individuals, groups and organizations who are oppressed by globalization will rise as they seek a more democratic process of globalization
RegionalismIt is the proneness of the governments and peoples of two or more states to establish voluntary associations and to pool together resources in order to create common functional and institutional arrangements and a process occurring in a given geographical region by which different types of actors come to share certain fundamental values and norms.
Broadcast mediaA form of media, such as radio and television, that reach target audiences using airwaves as the transmission medium:
Toyota factories and assembling plants in different parts of the globeWhich of the following examples refers to generation issues as factors influencing economic globalization?
JudaismIt is a monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews:
ResponsibilityIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Following the Law
MagnetismIt is a global city's perceived power to attract creative people and businesses from across the globe, and to "mobilize their assets" to boost economic, social and environmental development:
Very-long-term loansThis type of financing is provided by the Multilateral Development Banks to member countries, with maturities of 30 to 40 years, at interest rates well below market rates. These are funded through direct contributions by governments in the donor countries:
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Choosing own religion
Temporary labor migrantsThese are migrants who migrate for a limited period of time in order to take up employment and send money home:
HinduismAccording to some scholars, the oldest living religion on Earth is ______:
The correct answer is 'True'.Global citizens act as glue which binds individuals together in an increasingly globalized world.
RegionalizationIt is a continuing process of forming regions as geopolitical units, as organized political cooperation within a particular group of states, and/or as regional communities such as pluralistic security communities.
Economic globalization is the independence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services.Which of the following statements is not true?
MigrationWhat term refers to the permanent change of residence by an individual or group excluding such movements as nomadism, migrant labor, commuting, and tourism, all of which are transitory in nature?
Culture can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.Which of the following statements is not true?
Migration PlanningThis is one of the importance of demography that is studying the mobilization trends of people .
RightIdentify if the following is a right or responsibility: Running for a public office
Green Climate FundThe five Multilateral Development Banks are composed of the following, except: