Readings in Philippine History

Readings in Philippine History

The course analyzes Philippine history from multiple perspectives through the lens of selected primary sources coming from various disciplines and of different genres. Students are given opportunities to analyze the author’s background and main arguments, compare different point of view, identity biases and examine the evidences presented in the document. The discussions will tackle traditional topics in history and other interdisciplinary themes that will deepen and broaden their understanding of Philippine political, economic, cultural, social, scientific and religious history. Priority is given to primary materials that could help students develop their analytical and communication skills. The end goal is to develop the historical and critical consciousness of the students so that they will become versatile, articulate, broad-minded, morally upright and responsible citizens.


Agrarian ReformThis aims to provide changes and reconstructing the whole system of agriculture.
Dr. Jose P. RizalHe was known as a patriot, physician and man of letters who served as an inspiration to the Philippine Nationalist movement. His work El filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere are his ways to promote nonviolent resistance to the Spaniards.
MindanaoThe Philippines has two lines of recorded advancement. The primary line, which is the more established, came to create in ________ and Sulu. Furthermore, this alludes to the Muslim line of chronicled improvement.
Epifanio de los SantosThe acronym EDSA stands for _________________________________.
Apolonio SamsonOn August 26th, a big meeting was held in Balintawak, at the house of __________, then Cabeza of that barrio of Caloocan.
MazavaSailing southwards along the coast of that large island of Seilani, they turned southwest to a small island called _______.
59______ percent of fish and sardines are to a great extent taken from the Sulu Sea.
Article IXArticle ____ stated, "All these shall be beaten for two days: who sing while traveling by night; kill the Manaul; tear the documents belonging to the headmen; are malicious liars; or who mock the dead".
500The Philippine Muslims was at one time a prevailing gathering in the nation. They have _______ year's political history, so far the longest political experience contrasted with different gatherings in the entire Philippines.
Cold WarWith the finish of the_______, the global group saw new patterns and dangers to security that required less military power.
CotabatoThe ________ had been the seat of the Maguindanao sultanate.
Article XIIIArticle ____ stated, "All these shall be exposed to ants for half a day: who kill black cats during a new moon; or steal anything from the chiefs or agorangs, however small the object may be.
SpainLa Solidaridad is also published in ________, as a representation and eye opener to his fellow Filipino.
Arcticle VIIIArticle ____ stated, "Slavery for a doam (a certain period of time) shall be suffered by those who steal away the women of the headmen; by him who keep ill-tempered dogs that bite the headmen; by him who burns the fields of another".
October 16, 1907The First Philippine Assembly, was organized on __________________, this assembly was composed of educated Filipinos from well-known clans such as Osmena and Quezon, they strengthened the issues of direct independence for the Filipinos and this was stated by sending political missions to the United States Congress.
National Library_________ is collection of all productions in the nation and from abroad; disperses learning by serving the perusing open.
External CriticismSometimes called as "lower criticism"
1932________ a national lottery was established to create more revenue for the government.
Butuan________ has long been believed as the site of the first mass.
Andres Bonifacio_________ asked the people to give a pledge that they were to revolt.
November 1, 1897The Constitution of the Biak-na-Bato was promulgated by the Philippine Revolutionary Government on___________________.
April 8 1521The expedition's arrival and celebration of Mass on_________.
Martyrdom_____________ is widely accepted as the dawn of the Philippine Nationalism in the nineteenth century, with Rizal dedicating his second novel, El Filibustersimo, to their memory.
Rizal's nameThe password that Katipunero used.
30 December 1896The First was published in La Voz Espanola and Diario de Manila on the Day of execution, ________.
Ateneo Municipal de ManilaAntonio Luna earned a degree in Bachelor of Arts from ___________________.
GuamMelchora Aquino was captured and exiled in _______ for helping the kapituneros.
April 4Magellan leave Mazaua, bound for Cebu on Thursday __________.
1903 Homested programThe program permits a tenant to enter into a farming business by attaining a farm by a given number of hectares but it was only limited to Northern Luzon and Mindanao, where colonial diffusion had been tough for Americans, a problem they innate from the Spaniards. This was called as ________________.
TiniklingThis type of national dance with a couple of artists bouncing between two bamboo posts held simply over the ground and struck together.
GuerreroAccording to___________, "Encarnacion and Villegas all these places are in Balintawak, then part of Caloocan, now, in Quezon City. As for the dates, Bonifacio and his troops may have been moving from one place to another to avoid being located by the Spanish government, which could explain why there are several accounts of the Cry".
Corazon AquinoThe symbol of the restoration of democracy and the takeover of the Marcos Dictatorship in 1956.
Mindanao and SuluThe first country of the Philippine Muslims.
LiteratureWritings that describe occasions, thoughts and feeling utilizing uncommon expressive implies in a particular frame and has lasting and more extensive intrigue and incentive to others, for example, verse, stories, books, expositions, account, annals, letters, engravings, and so forth. Dialect is the medium of articulation utilizing different abstract systems that create inside its artistic, social and chronicled custom. Writing can likewise be oral like stories, fantasies, enigmas, sayings, serenades, summons, mantras, enchantment spells, and so forth.
Senior MaureThe assistant of the Plaza, the Assistant ___________, asked Rizal if he wanted anything.
Proclamation 1081Martial Law is also known as the ____________ declared by the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos that lasted from 1972 to 1985.
Sa Aking Mga KababataDr. Jose P. Rizal wrote this poem when he was eight years old and it is Rizal's one of the most prominent works.
Antonio LunaAside from war, politics and chemistry he also opened a fencing club in Manila. He promoted fencing as a sport and a hobby during his time.
CedulaYear 1884, the payment of tribute was put to a stop and was replaced by a poll tax collected through a certificate of identification called the _________ personal.
Article XVIIArticle ____ stated, "These shall be killed: who profane sites where idols are kept, and sites where are buried the sacred things of their diwatas and headmen. He who performs his necessities in those places shall be burned".
NobodyAccording to Corazon Aquino's Speech she said, "The dictator had called him a__________. Yet, two million people threw aside their passivity and fear and escorted him to his grave".
Manuel RoxasHe was the first president of the Independent Philippine Republic
LeyteCeylon was the island of _______.
IranunThese individuals have possessed the region flanking between Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao territory.
DanceMovement of the feet, arms and the entire body musically particularly to music. A few moves and tunes are performed without melodic backup or a capella. Other than those specified before in the visual expressions, the components of shape one of a kind to move are: body developments, motion, and outward appearances, including outfit, organize setting, the sort of backup and social setting or circumstance or events for exhibitions.
GlobalizationThe idea that societies around the globe are ending up increasingly coordinated and share various commonalties regardless of restricted articulations and signs.
Males_________ were required to provide labor for 40 days a year (reduce to 15 days a year in 1884)
La SolidaridadThe name of the newspaper whom Rizal, Del Pilar, Luna and others used to disseminate how the Spaniards oppressed Filipinos.
William H. TaftWhen we are placed under military government until 1901 he became the first civil governor, he was also the 27th president of the United States and the chosen successor of President Theodore Roosevelt.
SpanishThe Central ____________ government introduced an educational decree fusing sectarian school run by the friars into a school called the Philippine Institute.
TobaccoThe biggest of the state monopolies was__________, which began in 1781 and halted 1882.
ZincZamboanga del Sur has gold, silver, lead, ______store.
Article IArticle ____ stated, "You shall not kill, neither shall you steal, neither shall you do harm to the aged, lest you incur the danger of death. All those who infringe this order shall be condemned to death by being drowned in the river, or in boiling water".
Barsoain Church, Malolos, BulacanThe place where President Aguinaldo assembled the Revolutionary Congress on September 15, 1898.
Supreme Council of Grace and JusticeThis type of constitution gives the authority to make decisions and sustain or disprove the sentences rendered by the other courts and to dictate rules for the administration of justice.
National Historical Commission__________ is vault and caretaker of recorded reports, distributions, and authentic antiquities; recognizes huge chronicled figures, occasions, places; responsible for setting up and discussion of verifiable creators, landmarks, heraldry and other chronicled curios.
Historical resourcesHistorian's most important research tools are ___________.
Claro M. RectoHe was the president of the constitutional Convention in 1934 and he presided the opening session where they started the writing of the Philippine Constitution.
March 16, 1521On the ___________, as they sailed in a westerly course from Ladrones, as they saw land towards the northwest; but owing to many shallow places they did not approach it.
CommonwealthThe 1935 constitution that govern the country is also called as the __________ constitution.
Ferdinand MagellanHe was the Portuguese explorer to circumnavigate the globe. In 1519.
SpanishThe first 1897constitution of the Biak-na-Bato was written in what language?
Manuel L. QuezonThe chosen President of the Commonwealth government.
FederalistaThe Progresista Party also known as __________ Party.
Mariano Gomez, Jacinto Zamora and Jose BurgosGOMBURZA stands for _______________.
500 membersHow many members of Katipunan went to the first place on August 22, 1896, at the house and yard of Apolonio Samson.
House of RepresentativesThe only branch of the government which can initiate the impeachment of the president, members of the Supreme Court, and other constitutionally protected government officials such as the ombudsman is the __________________.
Magdalena LeonesShe was one of the lesser-known World War II veterans. She was known as the only Asian woman to have been awarded the Silver Star Wolrd War by the United States.
ZubuMagellan called Cebu ______.
Noli me TangereDr. Jose Rizal wrote this novel to expose evils of Spanish rule in the Philippines.
1984According to Corazon Aquino's Speech she said," I held out for participation in the ________ election the dictatorship called, even if I knew it would be rigged. I was warned by the lawyers of the opposition, that I ran the grave risk of legitimizing the foregone results of elections that were clearly going to be fraudulent".
Rajah Bendahara KalantiawHe is a mythical character who make the main lawful code in the Philippinesand it is said to be "The Code of Kalantiaw". In the Island of Negros he was the Chief.
Andres BonifacioHe was one of the chief officers of Katipunan in 1895 and known as the President Supremo.
SinicizationSince the extension of the Chinese individuals in the Han administration, Chinese individuals have selected down into Southeast Asia and added to the shocking changes of local Southeast Asian societies and the Philippine archipelago from the most recent hundred years BC to the present.
Urbana__________ is a tax on the annual rental value of an urban real estate.
Industria__________ is a tax on salaries, dividends, and profits.
Con-ConIn this method of changing the constitution happens when the congress needs upon a vote of two thirds of all its member and will file for a constitutional convention.
External CriticismIs the practice of verifying the authenticity of evidence by examining its physical characteristics; consistency with the historical characteristics of the time when it was produced: and materials used for evidence.
Cedula or TaxProminent Filipino Historian Teodoro Agoncillo emphasizes the event when Bonifacio tore the ___________________receipt before the katipuneros who also did the same.
60The Mindanao State University is situated at Lanao's capital, Marawi City. Most pioneers in Mindanao are in certainty results of the MSU. ______ % of its best teachers are Christians Filipinos
Article IVArticle ____ stated, "Observe and obey; let no one disturb the quiet of the graves. When passing by the caves and trees where they are, give respect to them. He who does not observe this shall be killed by ants, or beaten to death with thorns".
August 23, 1896Rizal wrote in his Memoirs of the Revolution that it happened at Pugadlawin on ___________.
MaranaoThe _________ are gathered in Lanao region. They involve the most vital place in Mindanao attributable to their entrance to Iligan narrows in the north and Illana cove in the south.
Jose P. Rizal____________ is well-known as a hero of the revolution for his writing that center on ending colonialism and liberating Filipino minds to contribute to creating the Filipino nation.
Internal CriticismLooks within the data itself to try to determine truth--facts and "reasonable" interpretation. It includes looking at the apparent or possible motives of the person providing the data.
Museum Pambata_______ is advances workmanship and culture among youngsters through displays, addresses, workshops, gatherings on Philippine culture and different nations.
2_____ % tax on entities with annual sales receipts of less than 5,200,000;6 their original state, price regulated petroleum products and fertilizers.
Melchora AquinoShe was called as the Mother of the Revolution. She took care, provided food, and nurses the wounded Katipuneros in 1896.
IgorotsThis tribes are known to be rice-cultivators. They contain numerous clans that live in the Cordillera mountain ranges.
Political CaricatureIt is also known as Editorial Cartoon that contain a commentary that express the artist opinion toward certain issues.
Manuel L. QuezonHe was known as the father of the commonwealth.
SamaThe ________ individuals have one dialect with numerous variety, for example, the vernacular of the Jama Mapun, and the Bangingi.
UnitaryThe current system of the Philippines is in the form of ________________.
Malong And AbayaThe whole regions of Lanao Del Sur, especially at the region of the lake are untouchable to outcasts. The way of life of the general population are in their conventional clothing, the _______ and the_______.
Jones LawIn 1916, the US Congress passed the Philippine Autonomy Act, otherwise called the _________, giving the Philippines extensive home run and guaranteed freedom after the establishment of a steady government.
National Achieve__________ storehouse and overseer of all reports and other authentic materials, and attempts their discussion and reclamation.
People's InitiativeThis method of changing the constitution happens when the amendments of the constitution is proposed by the people upon a petition of at least 12% of Philippine registered voters.
August 26, 1896Valenzuela's account should be read with caution: He once told a Spanish investigator that the "Cry" happened in Balintawak on Wednesday ___________
7 daysMagellan remained __________ on Mazaua Island.
Teresa MagbanuaShe is known as the Visayan Joan of Arc. She joined the Katipunan's women chapter in Panay. She fought against Spain, the United States, and Japan.
Article XIArticle ____ stated, "These shall be burned: who by their strength or cunning have mocked at and escaped punishment or who have killed young boys; or try to steal away the women of the elders".
To be a good man, a person should be a person of power and words.Which of the following is not written in the Katipunan Code of Conduct?
Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act1913, the _____________________ was passed, resulting in a reduction in the revenue of the government as export taxes levied on sugar, tobacco, hemp, and copra were lifted.
FederalismThis type of government is strongly supported by President Rodrigo RoaDuterte, where in the concern of this government is to distribute wealth of the country and should not focus only on the capital. It also states that the Philippines should share sovereignty and be divided into autonomous regions. This type of government is called ___________.
Ethnic_________ is an Italian expression for country. An ethnic group might be characterized as inborn gathering which has its own particular dialect, hold in like manner an arrangement of custom unique in relation to others whom they are in contact.
July 7, 1892Rizal's exile happened on ___________.
300Magellan's expedition sighted a high land named ZAMAL Island which was some ______ leagues westward of Ladrones Island.
GovernmentAccording to Corazon Aquino's Speech she said, "The__________ sought to break him by indignities and terror".
July 2, 1892La Liga Filipina was organized on __________.
Jose Montero y Vidal_____________, a Spanish historian who documented the Cavite Mutiny event and his work centered on how the event was an attempt in overthrowing the Spanish Government in the Philippines.
Senior del FresnoThe chief of firing squad who was assigned in Rizal's death row.
External CriticismApplies "science to a document." It involves such physical and technical tests as dating of paper a document is written on, but it also involves a knowledge of when certain things existed or were possible, e.g. when zip codes were invented.*
National Defense ActThe national assembly order its first law, which accommodated the foundation of national resistance for the Philippines.
First Voyage Around The WorldPrimo viaggiointorno al mondomeans ________.
Emilio Aguinaldo______________ commissioned a "Himno de Balintawak" to inspire the renewed struggle after the pact of the Biak-na-Bato failed.
Zubu_________ was the port with the most trade.
Multi-culturalism and PluralismThis is an idea that progressive over many years of open discussion and battle the world over. The ascent of unconventional developments in the recently made states after World War II stay a standout amongst the most bothersome issues confronting the world. The goals of ethnic, religious and racial minorities have been verbalized in the different UN organizations on culture and training especially UNESCO.
Fr. Manuel GarciaThe primary source from Rizal's retraction translated from the document found by_____________, C.M. on 18 may 1935
Secondary resources________________ which were produced by an author who used primary sources to produce the material. In other words, this are historical sources, which studied a certain historical subject.
Lanao_________ is a land rich in writing. Darangan is a case of this. The presence of darangan authenticates the level of human progress that the Maranao have accomplished at a certain point.
Gen Antonio LunaHe is known as the hot tempered general who fought against the United States in the Spanish- American war.
SinkilThis dance took its name from the rings worn on the lower legs of a Muslim princess. This dance relates the epic legend of the "Darangan" of the Maranao people of Mindanao.
Jose E. MarcoIn 1913, ____________ book "Las AntiguasLeyendas de la Isla de Negros" recognized the code to historical fiction.
ConstitutionalAccording to Corazon Aquino's Speech she said," Now, we are restoring full ____________ government"
Antonio PigafettaHe was a young Italian nobleman who had joined the expedition and a good servant and assistant to Ferdinand Magellan during the expedition in Seville, Spain.
BooksThe following are classified as the Primary resources EXCEPT.
9°54'NIt must be considered that in Albo's Version, the location of Mazava fits the location of the island of Limasawa, at the southern tip of Leyte, _______.
Adat________ is the whole of both pre-Islamic culture and the philosophical understanding of the Muslims on the lessons of Islam.
AmericaCory Aquino ended her speech by thanking the __________ for serving as home to her family and joined America in building the Philippines as a new home for democracy.
Butuan_____________ is riverine settlement.
Primary sources______________ are usually defined as first-hand information or data that is generated by witnesses or participants in past events.
Ninoy Aquino_____________________ became the pleasing sacrifice that answered their prayers for freedom.
White triangleThis symbol in the Philippine flag represents the distinctive symbol of Katipunan Society, which by means of its compact of blood urged on the masses of the people to insurrection.
MaragtasThe Code of Kalantiaw is said to be a mythical authentic code in the acclaimed epic story of____________.
External CriticismForm and appearance and more particularly to question of authorship and textual circumstances such as time, place and purpose.
1988The VAT laws was signed in 1986 and put to effect in__________.
NARRAThis improved the government's relocation program and dissemination of agricultural lands to landless tenants and agrarians during the time of President Quirino.
Age of Exploration___________ is a period of competition among European rulers to conquer and colonize land outside their original territory.
Internal CriticismSometimes called as "higher criticism"
Emilio AguinaldoIn 1896 he became the mayor of Cavite Viejo and was declared as the first president of the Philippines.
February 14, 1897Few months after execution _________ from anonymous writer but later on revealed to be Fr. Vicente Balaguer.
BayaniTheir outfits were red masks with white triangles and with maroon sash.
Commission on Higher Education________ is directs the instructing of Philippine culture in the schools and colleges, preparing of educators.
Supreme CouncilThis organ of the constitution was headed by the president and has four department secretaries, this give the power such as: interior, foreign affairs, treasury, and war.
10,000Income tax rates were increased in 1936, adding a surtax rate on individual net income in excess of __________ pesos.
March 14, 1947One of the most noteworthy of these bargain in the Philippine-American MBA which marked on __________, just months after the affirmation of Philippine autonomy by the US.
MactanMagellan died in __________.
Andres BonifacioThe Filipino revolutionary hero who founded the Kataastaasang Kagalangalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK). He was known as the first one who has a clear vision of what a Filipino nation should be.
Article VArticle ____ stated, "You shall obey; he who exchanges for food, let it be always done in accordance with his word. He who does not comply, shall be beaten for one hour, he who repeats the offense shall be exposed for one day among ants".
Cry of RebellionThe phrase "El Grito de Rebelion" means ____________.
August 30, 1951To complement and further strengthen the 1947 MBA, the Philippines and the US concludes a MDT on _________.
Abraham LincolnIn Corazon Aquino's speech she quoted, "Like_______________, I understand that force may be necessary before mercy. Like Lincoln, I don't relish it. Yet, I will do whatever it takes to defend the integrity and freedom of my country".
Pigafetta's journalWhat was the first voyage according to Cachey Jr's The First Voyage around the World?
Information visited by or experienced by a travelerBased on the text you have read what is a travelogue?
HistoriaHistory came from the Greek word ________ which means to search, look into.
Legends and ArtsThe history or story of a society or group of people is rooted from their ________, EXCEPT.
Secondary SourcesAre historical sources, which studied a certain historical subject.
June 12, 1898The Philippine declaration was proclaimed on ___________________ at the Cavite el Viejo.
History_________ is a brief summary or result based on a factual research and it also deals with the sequence of important events that is stated in the history.
Islas de los LadronesThe "Island of thieves" is also called as ____________________.
Primary SourcesAre characterized not by their format but rather by the information they convey and their relationship to the research question. They include letters, diaries, journals, newspapers, photographs, and other immediate accounts. The interpretation and evaluation of these sources becomes the basis for research.
Manga Aral Nang KatipunanThe original title of Kartilya ng Katipunan was ___________.
Museong PambataThis museum features hands-on experience that encourage children to explore while playing.
Anak ng BayanWhat was the password used for the codes of "Katipon"?
Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Laguna and BatangasThe eight raises of the sun the Philippine flag symbolizes the 8 provinces of:
DEMOCRACYWherever Corazon Aquino went in the campaign, slum area or impoverished village. They came to her with one cry,______________.
President ReaganWhen Pres. Corazon Aquino met with________________, they began an important dialogue about cooperation and the strengthening of friendship between our two countries.
Alfred McCoyThe author of Philippine Cartoons: Political Caricature of the American Era (1900-1941).