Philippine Literature

Philippine Literature

Philippine literature is literature associated with the Philippines from prehistory, through its colonial legacies, and on to the present. Pre-Hispanic Philippine literature was actually epics passed on from generation to generation, originally through an oral tradition.


Falling action___________________ occurs after the climax.
Falling action___________________ occurs after the climax.
Falling action___________________ occurs after the climax.
Falling action___________________ occurs after the climax.
I hope you remember how I used to"I hope you remember how I used to play the fool among us, without minding how people looked at me," he recounted, sullenly.
Hyperbole"She cried a river” is an example of what figure of speech?
encouraging nationalism“Hayo na nga kayo, kayong nangabuhay
Sa pag-asang lubos na kaginhawahan
At walang tinamo kundi kapaitan
Hayo na’t ibigin ang naabang Bayan.”
What does the stanza imply?
Calm“Ishi gently covered her pet puppy with a soft cloth before she cuddled her along.”
Revenge“Kayong mga pusong kusang napapagal
Ng daya at bagsik ng ganid na asal,
Ngayon ay magbango’t Bayan ay itanghal
Agawin sa kuko ng mga sukaban.”
What concrete idea does the stanza imply?
TRUE“Magnificence” started with the nightly visit of Vicente to the little boy and girls.
simile“My future seems a boundless sea.”
Filipinos do not have the heart to fight for their country“Nasaan ang dangal ng mga Tagalog?
Nasaan ang dugong dapat na ibuhos?
Baya’y inaapi, bakit di kumilos
At natitilihang ito’y mapanuod?”
What does the stanza imply?
flexibility“Pliant Like a Bamboo” describes what quality of the Filipinos?
Love and RomanceA symbolizes __________________.
TRUEA character’s personality can be revealed by the things he/she does and says.
TRUEA character’s personality can be revealed by the things he/she does and says.
humiliationA feeling of by the common man
memoirA kind of non-fiction where a writer emphasizes his or her relationships with other people of the impact of significant historical events on his or her own life.
memoirA kind of non-fiction where a writer emphasizes his or her relationships with other people of the impact of significant historical events on his or her own life.
PovertyA Man from the Slums Contemplates His Church
FALSEA metaphor is a comparison between two things that uses the words “like” or “as”
PaperAccording to the author, who was also the narrator of the poem,  the parol was made of what material?
PaperAccording to the author, who was also the narrator of the poem,  the parol was made of what material?
PaperAccording to the author, who was also the narrator of the poem,  the parol was made of what material?
PaperAccording to the author, who was also the narrator of the poem,  the parol was made of what material?
HopeAccording to the narrator of the essay, , the youth of today carry the ______ to make the world a better place.
Third WorldAccording to the narrator of the essay, , which of the following consists of poor, small countries hoping to achieve growth and success someday?
Third WorldAccording to the narrator of the essay, , which of the following consists of poor, small countries hoping to achieve growth and success someday?
TRUEAccording to the story, he throwing of the girl’s clothes to the kitchen range means casting away the girl’s bad experience.
TRUEAccording to the story, he throwing of the girl’s clothes to the kitchen range means casting away the girl’s bad experience.
social influenceAn impression about the relationship of Awiyao and Lumnay from the story, in relation to mood.
adviceapplies only to the rich.
adviceapplies only to the rich.
SuccessAt the end of the rainbow is a
at parang tao ring bago na ang bihis at sinasalubong ang Paskong malamig.At which part of the poem,  did the author compare the parol to a human?
at parang tao ring bago na ang bihis at sinasalubong ang Paskong malamig.At which part of the poem,  did the author compare the parol to a human?
at parang tao ring bago na ang bihis at sinasalubong ang Paskong malamig.At which part of the poem,  did the author compare the parol to a human?
at parang tao ring bago na ang bihis at sinasalubong ang Paskong malamig.At which part of the poem,  did the author compare the parol to a human?
back in the dayBack in the day, we used to play outside and climb on trees.
The narrator thinks that the modern youth are fortunate to be born in a society that aims to create and not to destroy.Based on the text, what does the narrator think about the modern youth?
All of the answers are correctBased on what you have read and understood in the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo), what kind of person is Minggay Awok?
All of the answers are correctBased on what you have read and understood in the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo), what kind of person is Minggay Awok?
ReinventionBehind the clouds, the is still shining.
DamnationBlack as the from pole to pole.
AuditoryBumble bee buzzes around the flowers.
ToneCharacteristic of non-fiction that involves the author’s attitude towards his subject matter.
doomChoose the best answer based on the paragraph given
Freedom of the Filipinos under the dictatorshipChoose the best answer based on the paragraph given
had spoken up for democracyChoose the best answer based on the paragraph given
To informChoose the best answer based on the paragraph given
break out in tearsChoose the best answer based on the paragraph given.
cares for her countryChoose the correct answer
eager to grab every opportunity that comes her way for her countryChoose the correct answer
fictionChoose the correct answer
Filipino diaspora and the contricutions of the gloabal Filipino and her desire to come backChoose the correct answer
Her care for her country and her fellowmen in spite of her success abroadChoose the correct answer
In a few years, I may take advantage of whatever opportunities that come my way. But I will come home.Choose the correct answer
in a foreign countryChoose the correct answer
memoirChoose the correct answer
non-fictionChoose the correct answer
presents facts, describes true-life experiences, or discusses ideasChoose the correct answer
She wants to return and share her mature talents and good fortuneChoose the correct answer
thesis statement, supporting details, grammarChoose the correct answer
both choicesChoose the letter of the correct answer.
Children pounding the coral reefs at the bottom of the seaChoose the letter of the correct answer.
fatalistChoose the letter of the correct answer.
mango and bambooChoose the letter of the correct answer.
adviceChoose the letter of the word that gives you the most appropriate meaning for the underlined word.
giving upChoose the letter of the word that gives you the most appropriate meaning for the underlined word.
humiliationChoose the letter of the word that gives you the most appropriate meaning for the underlined word.
self-denialChoose the letter of the word that gives you the most appropriate meaning for the underlined word.
PersonificationChoose the letter that corresponds to your answer.
SimileChoose the letter that corresponds to your answer.
GustatoryChrysanthemum, a sweet herbal tea that quenches my thirst.
TRUECory Aquino ended her speech by encouraging the people to fight against poverty.
eager to grab every opportunity that comes her way for her countryDescribe how the author of the essay,  feels about living abroad.
domineeringDescribe the character of Awiyao in relation to the mood of the story,
submissiveDescribe the character of Lumnay in relation to her mood in the story,
heartbroken to liberatingDescribe the range of emotions that President Cory might have experienced on the day she lost her husband.
peacedove is a symbol of ____________________.
FALSEEssay and poem are similar because both of them are written in verses with high quality standard and musicality.
All of the choicesExternal conflict includes _____________________.
fearFear clutches me as I saw shadows above me.
meanFirst opinion about each character from the film, Muro Ami, below:
ruthlessFirst opinion about each character in the film, Muro Ami:
OlfactoryFlowers in bloom are perfumes to me.
giving upForgetting all material things is a form of .
longsGina longs for her parents in the Philippines.
Regret comes to Badoy, when he realized what he had lost.How does the story,“May Day Eve,” end?
Regret comes to Badoy, when he realized what he had lost.How does the story,end?
FALSEHuman vs. Nature is when a character in a story is struggling with another character.
hopefulI am hopeful for a better result of my examination.
DescriptionI have seen a wolf whose fur is immaculately white, large paws, silvery eyes, and a body mass like a lion.
presents facts, describes true-life experiences, or discusses ideasIdentify a characteristic of non-fiction from the choices below:
Both choicesIdentify a close-up shot that emphasizes the focus of the film (Muro Ami).
Children pounding the coral reefs at the bottom of the seaIdentify a distant shot from the film, Muro Ami.
Badoy recalled about his past love for AguedaIdentify the main flashback in the story, .
Cause/EffectIdentify the type of structure used in each passage. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
Comparison/ContrastIdentify the type of structure used in each passage. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
DescriptionIdentify the type of structure used in each passage. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
EnumerationIdentify the type of structure used in each passage. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
Problem/SolutionIdentify the type of structure used in each passage. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
calmIdentify the words that suggest/s the mood expressed.
furiouslyIdentify the words that suggest/s the mood expressed.
reminded of her high school days with her friendIdentify which phrase within the sentence signals flashback.
back in the dayIdentify which phrase within the sentence signals or prompts flashback.
He/she knows everything about all charactersIf a narrator is omniscient, it means that:
FALSEIn stories told from the third person point of view, the narrator uses the words “I,” “we” or “our” to show their perspective.
both choicesIn terms of production value, what did the film "" have?
She wants to return and share her mature talents and good fortuneIn the essay, hat does she say about coming back home to the Philippines?
Her care for her country and her fellowmen in spite of her success abroadIn the essay, hat was interesting about the author's thoughts towards living abroad and coming back home to her country?
Both setting and character/sIn the exposition stage, readers learn about ___________
YesIn the film, Muro Ami, do the camera angles (aiming up and aiming down) affect and give significance to the characters’ portrayals?
YesIn the movie, Muro Ami, does the dialogue fit the characters and the situation they are in?
Yes, because the author gave the parol human traits which make it seem alive.In the poem Ang Magandang Parol, was the author able to personify the parol?
The author's deceased grandfatherIn the poem Ang Magandang Parol, what does the parol symbolize?
their deceased grandfatherIn the poem, he parol reminded the author of
branchesIn the poem, the ink personifies the student.
He was angry after realizing that he had spoken to Minggay Awok, the witch.In the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo), how did the narrator feel when he realized that the old woman bathing in the creek was Minggay Awok in person?
irateIn the story, "Ang Kalupi," what mood does Aling Marta project?
the boy looked like a thiefIn the story, "Ang Kalupi," why did Aling Marta accuse the young boy of stealing?
impatientIn the story, "Footnote to Youth", how would you describe Dodong's actions?
angry at DodongIn the story, "Footnote to Youth", what is the first reaction of Dodong’s father when Dodong told him that he will marry Teang?
TRUEIn the story, “Magnificence,” the little girl appreciated Vicente’s generosity.
TRUEIn the story, he little girl appreciated Vicente’s generosity.
embarrassingIn the story, he mood that was created in the scene when Awiyao invited Lumnay to join the wedding celebration.
FALSEIn the story, he mother did not mind what Vicente had done to her daughter.
In a few years, I may take advantage of whatever opportunities that come my way. But I will come home.In this narrative essay, which sentence/s express/es the climax?
A struggle against oneselfInternal conflict is _____
reminded of her high school days with her friendIshi was reminded of her high school days with her friends when she saw Geena in the mall.
It was winter in SwitzerlandIt was winter in Switzerland when Roy met his mother in one of the busiest restaurants in the city.
fictionLiterature created from the imagination. This genre includes crime thrillers and romance.
calmLouie stays calm after learning the result of the Math quiz.
The narrator thinks that the modern youth are fortunate to be born in a society that aims to create and not to destroy.Mga kabataan sa panahong ito: ituring ninyong sa dilang mapalad na kayo ay isinilang at nabubuhay sa panahong di-nagwawasak kundi sa panahong nahaharap sa pagbuo, pagtatag at paghubog. Kayo and inaasahang bubuo ng bagong daigdig, di tulad ng kabataang sinundan ninyo, na naatasang manira at magwasak upang kayong tagapagmana’y makabuong muli.
worriesMy son worries about his lost cell phone.
TRUEOuterspace could be the setting for a story.
doomPresident Cory said, “” What word expresses mood?
explainPurpose of the author’s for writing “”.
explainPurpose of the author’s for writing “I Demand My Share”.
TRUERead the poem “Ink” by Guillermo Castillo and analyze by answering this question:
empoweredRead the speech of former President Corazon C. Aquino which she delivered during the Joint Session of the United States Congress, Washington, D.C.  Choose the best answer based on the paragraph given.
Working in a foreign landRead the winning speech, “Blonde and Blue Eyes” by Patricia Evangelista in a Speech Competition in London.
Literary pieces shape our minds and make us changed individuals.Select the answer that best illustrates how significant literature is in our lives.
Sea in Bohol before the cold Christmas seasonSetting of the movie, Muro Ami:
TactileSoft petals tickle my feet as I step on the floor.
Both the leather belt and net are symbols used in the film, representing cruelty and control over the fish (children)Symbol used in the film, Muro Ami, and what it represents:
Nazism and hateThe is a symbol of _________________.
ClimaxThe ______________ of a story is the most intense moment.
seriousThe author’s attitude in the essay, “I Demand My Share”.
balloonThe balloon swells as Nestor blows it.
non-fictionThe broadest category of literature that is based on facts.
Right to own part of God’s creationThe central idea of the essay .
All if the answers are correctThe denouement contains the remaining secrets, questions or mysteries which remain after the resolution are solved by the characters or explained by the author. What was the denouement of the story ?
Stolen appleThe dominant symbol used in the play,
ForeshadowingThe element that creates suspense and encourages the reader to go and find out more about the event that is being hinted.
Persuasive essayThe essay "Isang Bagong Daigdig na Isinilang" by Carlos P. Romulo was a type of:
TRUEThe essay, “Blonde and Blue Eyes,” started with Patricia’s desire to have blonde and blue eyes.
flood watersThe flood waters swallowed the trees in one big gulp.
Gruesome child-labor practiceThe focus of the movie, Muro Ami.
He had a sow for a pet.The following are characteristics that are referring to the main character except:
It has different sparkling lights powered by electricity.The following describes the parol in the poem Ang Magandang Parol by Jose Corazon de Jesus except:
JapaneseThe foreign group that invaded the Philippines and referred to as pestilence were
TactileThe image conjured from reading the sentence appeals to what sense?
VisualThe image conjured from reading the sentence appeals to what sense?
OlfactoryThe image conjured from the sentence appeals to what sense?
woveThe lady her bag gradually.
EnumerationThe lady recognizes her skills that are needed for the accomplishment of her writing composition project. She has abundant vocabulary skills, mastery of reading techniques, and technical writing skills.
The grandfatherThe last line of the poem, , "Kung wala man ako'y tanglawan ang bata" were words spoken by:
VisualThe lot is larger than the corner I live in
The unbearable longing for his/her loveThe message of the poem, "."
NostalgicThe mood at the end of the film, Muro Ami.
TerrifyingThe mood at the middle of the film, Muro Ami.
protectiveThe mood of the story “Magnificence.”
mowerThe mower groaned as it cut the grass on the yard.
TRUEThe narrative essay,  ends with the writer expressing her desire to come home as a sign of gratitude of becoming a Filipino.
TRUEThe narrative essay, “Blonde and Blue Eyes,” ends with the writer expressing her desire to come home as a sign of gratitude of becoming a Filipino.
self-denialThe nuns practice .
The main character has heard of rumors about Minggay Awok, the witch who was feared in Libas, but he truly has no idea who she was.The plot structure is formed around the conflict. In the short story , what was the conflict?
The main character has heard of rumors about Minggay Awok, the witch who was feared in Libas, but he truly has no idea who she was.The plot structure is formed around the conflict. In the short story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo), what was the conflict?
CharacterizationThe process by which an author reveals the personality of a character is___________.
To informThe purpose of the speech of Pres. Cory Aquino before the U.S. Congress.
When the narrator was told to go to Libas with a bottle of medicine for Tio Sabelo's sick wife, and first saw the balete tree across the creek from Minggay's hut.The rising action in the story occurred when
FALSEThe short story is a theatrical dialogue performed on stage.
TRUEThe story,  depicted child abuse.
FALSEThe story,  is set in a big house near the school.
TRUEThe story, “Magnificence,” depicted child abuse.
FALSEThe story, “Magnificence,” is set in a big house near the school.
Filipino diaspora and the contricutions of the gloabal Filipino and her desire to come backThe subject matter in Patricia Evangelista's “”
furiouslyThe tiger runs after its prey furiously.
fatalistThe traits worth appreciating of the Filipino man, according to the essay, "Pliant like a Bamboo."
fatalistThe traits worth appreciating of the Filipino man, according to the essay, "Pliant like a Bamboo."
mango and bambooThe two trees compared in "Pliant Like a Bamboo" are:
ThemeThe universal message that an author wants the reader to be able to take from a piece of writing is called the____________
winterThe winter wrapped its icy claws around Alaska.
thesis statement, supporting details, grammarThese are the important details of an essay.
every time they look in the mirrorThey suffered horrific experiences years back because of the accident or assault which caused the facial injury every time they look in the mirror.
Heaven and EarthTo what two things does the author of  compare his love in the line, “"?
Frustrations and regretTone used in the play,
Prose and PoetryTwo main types of literature.
break out in tearsWhat are the words in the essay of former President Corazon Aquino that suggested negative mood?
future lifeWhat beckons the speaker in the poem “Air Castle”?
cares for her countryWhat can you conclude about Patricia Evangelista after reading her short winning speech, ?
He wants fairness.What did you learn about the author from his essay, “?
PhilippinesWhat does Inang Bayan refer to in the poem (Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa)?
Life is unfair.What does the drama “The World is an Apple” want to tell its readers about life?
encouraging nationalismWhat does the stanza imply?"
all of the aboveWhat does the underlined word symbolize?
peaceWhat does the underlined word symbolize?
Marrying at a young ageWhat events in the story “Footnote to Youth” recur in cycles?
all of the choices are correctWhat is the beginning conflict of the film, ?
encounters of injusticeWhat is the focus of Pres. Cory Aquino’s speech?
Badoy loving Agueda at the end.What is the most dramatic event in the story, ?
The untoward consequences of marrying at an early age.What is the overall lesson of the story, "Footnote to Youth"?
inkWhat is the symbol used in the poem, "Ink"?
LoveWhat is the theme of the poem “”?
It shows the reality of child abuse which is a serious problem in our society today.What makes “Magnificence” realistic?
It shows the reality of child abuse which is a serious problem in our society today.What makes “Magnificence” realistic?
sadnessWhat mood is dominantly expressed in the story?
balloonWhat object is personified in the following sentence?
fearWhat object is personified in the following sentence?
merry-making in the eveningWhat sound in the setting spark the narrator’s memory at the beginning of “May Day Eve”?
BalladWhat type of poem did Bonifacio write?
Freedom of the Filipinos under the dictatorshipWhat was former President Cory Aquino referring to when she says, “.”
To honor the memory of his deceased grandfatherWhat was the main goal of the author in writing the poem Ang Magandang Parol?
To create and nurture a New WorldWhat was the main theme of the essay, ?
Because despite Minggay Awok's kind and generous personality, the narrator still chose to believe that the old woman was the scary witch of Libas.What was the reason for the narrator's behavior in the end (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo)?
The parolWhat was the symbol used in the poem, ?
First PersonWhen an author uses the pronouns , , , , or , it indicates that he/she is writing in the _______________ point of view.
In a condominium building called ElysiaWhere did the story (Disappearances by Alexis A.L. Abola) take place?
All of the choicesWhere is the lighting most effective in the film, Muro Ami?
VisualWhere the windows have lids of sorrow
Imaginative or creative writing, especially of recognized artistic valueWhich is an appropriate definition of literature?
assertiveWhich of the choices below describe the character of Dodong?
persistentWhich of the following best describes a man, according to the poem, "Air Castle"
persistentWhich of the following best describes a man, according to the poem, "Air Castle"?
The correct answers are: at parang tao ring bago na ang bihisat sinasalubong ang Paskong malamig., Nasa kanyang kulay ang magandang nasa,nasa kanyang ilaw ang dakilang diwaWhich of the following lines from the poem, personify the parol?
The day Dodong's first child was born.Which of the following scenes from the story, "Footnote to Youth" was deemed exciting and suspenseful?
When the narrator encountered an old woman taking a bath in the shade of a catmon tree.Which of the following scenes served as the climax of the story ?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there. I like going to Libas because of the many things to eat at my uncle’s house: cane sugar syrup, candied meat of young coconut, corn and rice cakes, ripe jackfruit, guavas from trees growing wild on a hill not far from Tio Sabelo’s house. It was through these visits that I heard many strange stories about Minggay Awok.Which of the following serves as the exposition of the story ?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there. I like going to Libas because of the many things to eat at my uncle’s house: cane sugar syrup, candied meat of young coconut, corn and rice cakes, ripe jackfruit, guavas from trees growing wild on a hill not far from Tio Sabelo’s house. It was through these visits that I heard many strange stories about Minggay Awok.Which of the following serves as the exposition of the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo)?
Mother’s magnificent care towards her children when she attacked Vicente to protect her child.Which of the following was an outstanding display of a character’s personality in the story, “Magnificence”?
simple and meanWhich of these promptly describes the home of Dodong and Teang from the story, "Footnote to Youth"?
I hope you remember how I used toWhich part of the sentence signals flashback?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there.Which part of the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo) describes the setting?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there. I like going to Libas because of the many things to eat at my uncle’s house: cane sugar syrup, candied meat of young coconut, corn and rice cakes, ripe jackfruit, guavas from trees growing wild on a hill not far from Tio Sabelo’s house.Which part of the story (The Witch by Edilberto K. Tiempo) describes the setting?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there. I like going to Libas because of the many things to eat at my uncle’s house: cane sugar syrup, candied meat of young coconut, corn and rice cakes, ripe jackfruit, guavas from trees growing wild on a hill not far from Tio Sabelo’s house.Which part of the story describes the setting?
When the narrator realized that the old woman he was talking to was actually Minggay Awok.Which part serves as the falling action of the story ?
Dodong unhitched the carabao leisurely ang gave it a healthy tap on the hipWhich sentence from the story, "Footnote to Youth" suggests the character's occupation?
When I was twelve years old, I used to go to Libas, about nine kilometers from the town, to visit my favorite uncle, Tio Sabelo, the head teacher of the barrio school there.Which sentence signifies a flashback?
Gloria, Mario, PabloWho are the main characters of the play, "" by Alberto S. Florentino?
VicenteWho is the villain in the story, ?
HappinessWhose nest is a weathered shoot;
The barrio depicts simple dreams and simple life.Why do you think the author chose the rural community setting for the story, "Footnote to Youth"?
deals overwhelmingly with love and personal feelingsWhy is the poem considered as a lyric poem?
had spoken up for democracyWhy was ’s husband put to jail in a military camp?