English for Academic and Professional Purposes Week 20

EAPP-111 Week 20

EAPP-111 / ►Week 20. Second Quarter Exam / ►Second Quarter Exam



Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

Study reveals internet can ruin family relationships

Can the Internet be a source of conflicts? A new study from online security firm says yes, and it does not just affect intimate relationships but family relationships as well.

Previous researches have revealed that children on average spend six hours or more glued to the screens of their devices.


Kaspersky Lab and iconKids & Youth researchers surveyed over 3,700 families in seven countries to know about how the internet is affecting their personal relationship with their children.

One in four of the parents surveyed say that their kids now prefer to go online rather than talk to them, with one in three parents believing the internet isolates them from their children. All in all, a fifth of parents and children say that the internet can cause family tension.

"It is only natural that using—and misusing—each other’s connected devices can become a cause of conflict for families. However, as we spend more and more time online, family dynamics are also changing. It is important that families maintain an ongoing dialogue about how to spot and respond to potential dangers, with parents and children together agreeing on the basic rules on how they can best navigate the digital world,” said Andrei Mochola, head of consumer business at Kaspersky Lab.

The survey also reveals that the problem may be worsened in the following cases:

If the device used by both parents and children gets broken,

If the device is accidentally infected by a virus while online,

If the parents had to pay for something their child had ordered or downloaded, and

If the parents had accidentally deleted some of their children's data

Janice Richardson, senior advisor at European Schoolnet, said that although the internet becomes a source of conflict in some families, siblings and extended family members take on a much bigger role in children's online activities.

"Children are instinctively turning to the person they perceive to be able to fix technical issues, advise on sites and security tools and provide more objective responses to delicate queries,” Richardson said, citing a recent study by the Joint Research Center of the European Commission.

She said that given the emerging trend, the importance of parents and guardians developing their own technical competence and building trusting relationship with their kids grow.

"At the same time, software and social media providers, too, should seek to develop more ‘family-friendly’ tools,” Richardson added. — Alixandra Caole Vila

The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

sampling is a method that is suited for a population that can be divided into non-overlapping groups in the analysis of data.

The correct answer is: Stratified

questions are basically data that contain single words or phrases that can be consolidated to allow for spelling and/or other minor variations.

The correct answer is: Short answer

Why are women most commonly at the worse end of a divorce?

The correct answer is: they have difficulty adjusting to a new lifestyle of living solo

True or False: The telephone survey is the most convenient method of administering questionnaires to respondents as it does not require the physical presence of the researcher.

The correct answer is: False

True or False: Non-probability sampling is effective because it eliminates the researcher's bias.

The correct answer is: False

 opens the report and gives a brief description of the problem or topic at hand.

The correct answer is: introduction

True or False: It is important for the position paper to be persuasive.

The correct answer is: True

is a short, sharp, concise document which is written for a particular purpose and audience.

The correct answer is: report

plays an important part in writing a report as these are commonly written in sections with headings and sub-headings.

The correct answer is: Outlining

One tip in writing a report is to know your

The correct answer is: brief

According to the article, which of the following is not the duty of a husband in a marriage?

The correct answer is: render services in the home

In researching for materials for your position paper, remember to       unfamiliar terms/concepts.

The correct answer is: define

True or False: The researcher must assume that the readers know the preliminary details about your research since they would not read it if they do not know what the topic is all about.

The correct answer is: False

is one method in administering questionnaires to respondents that is done by sending the questionnaire to the respondent through postal service.

The correct answer is: self-administered questionnaire

 is vital in helping your reader follow your points and ideas. Connect the ideas presented and how one argument relates to another.

The correct answer is: Transition

True or False: The statement, "From interviews with students, we can gather that they are not directly affected..." is considered appropriate language of reporting results or findings.

The correct answer is: True

A large group which the sample is selected from.

The correct answer is: Population

The results of the data gathering must be     : it must be based on actual data gathered and not swayed or altered by any biased comment or slant.

The correct answer is: objective

True or False: The position paper may present two stands/arguments on one topic at the most.

The correct answer is: False

True or False: The non-probability sampling method utilizes random selection of respondents.

The correct answer is: False

A       generally presents one side of an arguable opinion about an issue.

The correct answer is: position paper

questions are questions given by the researcher that suggests answers in a list, consequently limiting the responses of the interviewee.

The correct answer is: Closed

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

Harry Potter and the Cursed Child book review: How the script compares to the Palace Theatre production

by Jack Shepherd (published in Independent)

For every HarryPotter fan, the release of The Cursed Child is a dream come true. Who thought an eighth part to the Boy-Who-Lived’s story would actually materialise so soon after the main series finished? However, it quickly transpired this was going to be no normal book release. 

JK Rowling chose to release The Cursed Child as a play, one ‘tailor made for the stage’ as noted inThe Independent’s five-star review of the Palace Theatre production. Critics, including myself, were blown away by the magical performance, Jack Thorne and John Tiffany helping Rowling create something of immense wonder. 

So, how does the script, released to the public in book form, compare to the theatre production? Is the magic still there? Already, fans have devoured the story, taking it apart bit by bit, uncovering inconsistencies in the story telling, particularly regarding a certain time-turner paradox. Could it have ever lived up to expectations?

Unfortunately, as fantastic as the production was, racing through the script was never going to compare. Where stage theatrics sparked imaginations, now there are brief lines quickly explaining huge set-ups; everyone knew the script couldn’t compete with the stage production, begging the question, should this have ever been released in this format?

An example of the script being unmeasurable against the production comes in act one, scene four. It starts with the explanation: “And now we enter a world of time changing. And this Scene is all about magic.” In these few pages our hero, Albus Severus Potter, goes from being sorted into a Hogwarts house in his first year to rushing onto the Express in his third. Along the way, we’re treated to a brief Quidditch lesson, Great Hall assembly, and a Potions lesson, but they’re all so brief we hardly get a flavour of what is actually happening. 

On stage, it was one of the play’s greatest scenes; fast pace but with vivid imagery. If The Cursed Child was perhaps written as a book this could have been built on but, in these pages, we barely get a taste of these formative years. It’s so quick, so little is said, readers will race through, given little direction as what is happening.

Another example comes when the new generation of wizards drink a Polyjuice Potion. In previous books and on stage, it was utterly hilarious as Rowling’s heroes transformed, yet, as a script, the scene passes by rapidly, the humour and magic lost. 

Of course, this is the problem with releasing The Cursed Child as a script, and one we must all be resolute with. For those who are unable to see the stage play, there’s still a lot to enjoy in the script. Scorpius Malfoy, son of Draco Malfoy, is the highlight of the script, funny throughout. Meanwhile, the titular hero, Harry Potter, has evolved into a slightly grumpy father and one who lacks some basic parenting skills. It’s a natural progression for an orphan thrown into the spotlight that is interesting and will no doubt anger some fans.

Without giving too much, the first half is quite innocent, while the second takes a dark turn thanks to a time-twisting plot that - when read at a reasonable pace - can be quite confusing, at times reading like fan-fiction, particularly when cameo when cameo after cameo rolls in. 

If you do have the luxury of being able to attend the Palace Theatre production, I highly recommend it. If you’re unable to do so, perhaps wait until the inevitable three-part film series comes.

The correct answer is: Interpretation

serve as sources of information that will help you study an entire population to gain insight to its society.

The correct answer is: Respondents

True or False: Evaluative writing seeks to answer questions like "how are positions x and y similar and how do they differ?," "What is the relationship between the arguments for x and y?" and "how do philosophers A and B compare with respect to their thinking on P?"

The correct answer is: False

A      is a working document that presents questions as well as the place and space for recording the answers.

The correct answer is: questionnaire

True or False: Secondary sources are pieces of information which were already interpreted by someone other than the original author.

The correct answer is: True

sampling is a type of non-probability sampling which considers the convenience for the researcher as he or she can choose subjects from people near him or her who are willing to be respondents for the study.

The correct answer is: Availability

sampling is a method in which the researcher himself chooses people who are qualified to respond to the objectives of his/her study.

The correct answer is: Purposive

The writer is aware of the dire consequences of divorce. But which of the following is not an advantage in passing the divorce law in the Philippines?

The correct answer is: The passing of the divorce law will encourage more to speak up in face of a difficult marriage and have it as an easy escape

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

WoundClot: The Science Behind Faster Healing 
by UP Materials Science Society

 

It's Wisdom Wednesday!

 

Do you know what WoundClot does?

 

The WoundClot Gauze, is a single use, sterile, and bioabsorbable medical device that is fabricated to suit a variety of wounds. It is made from cellulose with a molecular structure designed to entrap platelets and coagulants in a modified physical molecular matrix, specifically designed to create this hemodynamic polymer membrane, with high adherence and resilience, able to withhold massive blood pressure and restrict blood flow almost immediately.

  

The ability to adhere to a bleeding wound reduces the amount of pressure needed in order to stop bleeding, thus preventing unnecessary damage the body caused by excessive pressure, or infection caused by prolonged contact with the wound. Next, platelets from the injury attach to the gauze by inter-molecular forces to form a stable membrane, which is able to withstand severe arterial and venous blood flow for hours.

 

At the same time, specifically designed molecular functional groups transform to enhance and activate the natural coagulation process. Coagulation is a complex chain reaction, where different elements are motivated into action, conditioned from other reactions.

 

Specific molecular groups, created in the manufacturing process, are then dispersed during gel formation to activate various coagulation factors in the blood, thus helping to form a physiologically natural fibrin clot in the wound. The ability to influence these reactions speeds the whole coagulation process.

 

After bleeding has stopped, the remaining residual membrane can be irrigated out of the wound safely without pulling on soft tissue or the existing clot. WoundClot is designed to maintain its integrity through polymeric chains, specifically designed to interact with water molecules to form a physical cross linked network, which is manageable and natural.

The correct answer is: Definition

A rule in conducting surveys that requires the researcher to commit to the promise of keeping confidential information strictly private.

The correct answer is: Fidelity

An     is a question-and-answer activity between the researcher and the respondent for the purpose of knowing what the respondent thinks and feels about the subject of the research study.

The correct answer is: interview

Which of the following is not a strategy in effectively analyzing gathered data for the research?

The correct answer is: What do people think of the researcher's take on the topic?

is a variable in a concept paper which gives the focus and purpose of the paper. The researcher introduces the concept at hand and its importance in this part.

The correct answer is: Statement of the problem

True or False: Concept paper may take a stand on the discussed topic.

The correct answer is: False

The recommendation provides suggestions for the improvement of the discussion that are "specific, achievable and

The correct answer is: measurable

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

The Decay of Friendship

from The Idler, Number 23, September 23, 1758

by Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

Life has no pleasure higher or nobler than that of friendship. It is painful to consider that this sublime enjoyment may be impaired or destroyed by innumerable causes, and that there is no human possession of which the duration is less certain.

Many have talked in very exalted language, of the perpetuity of friendship, of invincible constancy, and unalienable kindness; and some examples have been seen of men who have continued faithful to their earliest choice, and whose affection has predominated over changes of fortune, and contrariety of opinion.

 

But these instances are memorable, because they are rare. The friendship which is to be practiced or expected by common mortals, must take its rise from mutual pleasure, and must end when the power ceases of delighting each other.

Many accidents therefore may happen by which the ardor of kindness will be abated, without criminal baseness or contemptible inconstancy on either part. To give pleasure is not always in our power; and little does he know himself who believes that he can be always able to receive it.

Those who would gladly pass their days together may be separated by the different course of their affairs; and friendship, like love, is destroyed by long absence, though it may be increased by short intermissions. What we have missed long enough to want it, we value more when it is regained; but that which has been lost till it is forgotten, will be found at last with little gladness, and with still less if a substitute has supplied the place. A man deprived of the companion to whom he used to open his bosom, and with whom he shared the hours of leisure and merriment, feels the day at first hanging heavy on him; his difficulties oppress, and his doubts distract him; he sees time come and go without his wonted gratification, and all is sadness within, and solitude about him. But this uneasiness never lasts long; necessity produces expedients, new amusements are discovered, and new conversation is admitted.

No expectation is more frequently disappointed, than that which naturally arises in the mind from the prospect of meeting an old friend after long separation. We expect the attraction to be revived, and the coalition to be renewed; no man considers how much alteration time has made in himself, and very few inquire what effect it has had upon others. The first hour convinces them that the pleasure which they have formerly enjoyed, is forever at an end; different scenes have made different impressions; the opinions of both are changed; and that similitude of manners and sentiment is lost which confirmed them both in the approbation of themselves.

Friendship is often destroyed by opposition of interest, not only by the ponderous and visible interest which the desire of wealth and greatness forms and maintains, but by a thousand secret and slight competitions, scarcely known to the mind upon which they operate. There is scarcely any man without some favorite trifle which he values above greater attainments, some desire of petty praise which he cannot patiently suffer to be frustrated. This minute ambition is sometimes crossed before it is known, and sometimes defeated by wanton petulance; but such attacks are seldom made without the loss of friendship; for whoever has once found the vulnerable part will always be feared, and the resentment will burn on in secret, of which shame hinders the discovery.

This, however, is a slow malignity, which a wise man will obviate as inconsistent with quiet, and a good man will repress as contrary to virtue; but human happiness is sometimes violated by some more sudden strokes.

A dispute begun in jest upon a subject which a moment before was on both parts regarded with careless indifference, is continued by the desire of conquest, till vanity kindles into rage, and opposition rankles into enmity. Against this hasty mischief, I know not what security can be obtained; men will be sometimes surprised into quarrels; and though they might both haste into reconciliation, as soon as their tumult had subsided, yet two minds will seldom be found together, which can at once subdue their discontent, or immediately enjoy the sweets of peace without remembering the wounds of the conflict.

Friendship has other enemies. Suspicion is always hardening the cautious, and disgust repelling the delicate. Very slender differences will sometimes part those whom long reciprocation of civility or beneficence has united. Lonelove and Ranger retired into the country to enjoy the company of each other, and returned in six weeks, cold and petulant; Ranger's pleasure was to walk in the fields, and Lonelove's to sit in a bower; each had complied with the other in his turn, and each was angry that compliance had been exacted.

The most fatal disease of friendship is gradual decay, or dislike hourly increased by causes too slender for complaint, and too numerous for removal. Those who are angry may be reconciled; those who have been injured may receive a recompense: but when the desire of pleasing and willingness to be pleased is silently diminished, the renovation of friendship is hopeless; as, when the vital powers sink into languor, there is no longer any use of the physician.

The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

The      section shows the findings of the research done by the researcher by following the methods.

The correct answer is: results

True or False: You may quote anyone as a supporting evidence or fact to your research/study.

The correct answer is: False

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

21st Century Philippine Writing

by Danton Remoto (May 30, 2015)

Philippine writing in the 21st century has taken a new turn. The works are seen as sensitive to gender, alludes to technology, show culture as plural rather than singular, and questions conventions and supposedly absolute norms.

Writing by women continues to flourish. They have a feminist stance that questions the centrality of the patriarchy (male-centered viewpoints). Forbidden Fruit: Women Write the Erotic edited by Tina Cuyugan and Kung Ibig Mo, love poems edited by Joi Barrios show that a woman’s map of dreams and desires is better drawn by a woman writer herself. Gone were the days when female characters only came from the imagination – or fantasy – of men.

Lesbian and gay writing continue to be written. Neil Garcia and I have just published The Best of Ladlad. My other books include Bright, Catholic – and Gay: Essays and Rampa: Mga Sanaysay, while coming soon is a book of stories and essays called Happy Na, Gay, Pa.

Technology is also an important part of this literature, centered on the rise of the city and anchored on globalization. The economic boom, albeit benefiting only the elite, has led to the opening of the Philippines to diverse economic interests. Writings on Filipinos abroad and of Filipinos abroad also add to this more cosmopolitan, if not more consumerist, attitude of the 21st-century Filipino.

Moreover, writings from the regions have served notice that “imperial Manila” is no longer the only fountain of ideas. We have to thank Ateneo de Naga Publishing House, National Commission on Culture and the Arts, UP Press, and University of San Agustin Publishing House, among others. The Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards in Literature has opened its magisterial doors to writing from the regions. Ateneo de Manila University Press and UST Publishing House are both in fine form, publishing important works from Katipunan and Espana.

Nowadays, writers are no longer made to feel guilty if they write in English. In true subversive fashion, they now write not just in English or Filipino but in both languages. Some books show poems printed enface: one side in English, the other in Filipino. The twains have met, and you can no longer detect which is written first, and which is the translation, for there is equal facility and fluency in both. This recalls the verbal legerdemain of our ladino poets in the 17th century.

Moreover, Marjorie Evasco has been translating her poems in English into Cebuano, J. Iremil Teodoro writes lyrical stories in Kinaray-a and translates them into English, Peter Nery slides from English to Hiligaynon in his erotic poems, Kristian Cordero and Victor Nierva write works in Bicolano and in the next breath, translate them into elegant English. Surely, the vessels that contain Philippine literature are no longer one, or two, or even three, but as many as the different languages in our archipelago.

What about the English being written? Trinidad Tarrosa Subido coined the phrase “language if [our] blood.” Dr. Gemino H. Abad has used it as framework in his three anthologies on Philippine poetry in English. He said that we have colonized English and have made it our own, and the poems are now “wrought from English.”

It is no longer the very proper English from the old textbooks, or the Americanese in books copyrighted in New York. It is now a language filtered by our regional languages and by mass media – printed, seen, broadcast – as well as shaped by social media, by the fragmentation of text language, by sound bites, anime, graphic novels, and cosplays (costume plays).

In 1995, the Philippine Studies journal of Ateneo de Manila University published New Philippine Writing,which was edited by Professor Emmanuel Torres and I. Prof. Torres said: “An alternative poetics is at work. . . . Form is more open-ended than closed, looser, more improvisatory; the tone conversational, informal. And no one seems to think twice about making explicit statements in the name of personal passion or liberation. Despite the rise of ‘cause-oriented’ writing, formal matters of craft in no way seem endangered, thanks to the influence of writing workshops in leading universities.”

Prof. Torres continues: “The popularity of poetry readings [and now open mike readings even by non-poets, for good or for bad] on campuses and in writer-friendly coffeehouses is partly the reason for the current taste for the laid-back and discursive. Apparently being revived is the tradition of the poet as bard, one communally interactive and inclined to addressing the sound-world of a poem to a roomful of listeners rather than one crafting lines intended solely for the book page and the solitary reader. . . .”

Thus, we no longer find a poem about a poem; or a poem with Greek or Roman allusions; or a story set in Greenwich Village. There is now a certain historicity; allusions to Philippine myth and fable, lore and legend; astringent satires of popular culture and political foibles. Anglo-American writers are still being read, but now they are hyphenated and seem like dispatches from the global village. Works, in translation, of African, Asian, and Latin American writers are being devoured. There is the shock of recognition in reading about postcolonial experiences similar to ours, and fears and dreams coming from the same socio-political conditions.

The internet has also made the Filipino writer less insular or old-fashioned.  Bob Ong started a blog, “Bobong Pinoy” and parlayed it into bestselling books. Other blogs have become popular books and even box-office-hit movies, i.e., Ang Diary ng Panget. Celebrities are now supposedly writing, while radio anchors are turning their zany scripts into books. Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago’s book, Stupid isForever, is the doyenne of them all: it has been the bestselling book since December.

Pimply teenagers can upload their stories in Wattpad, watch them viewed 15 million times, and now get contracts for a TV series or a romance film. Ghost stories are selling, and so do children’s books and graphic novels. Young-adult novels are being written, for a generation on the run (or eyes glued to their gadgets). I have done a controversial – and bestselling – translation of Greene’s The Fault in Our Starsand Anvil will publish my translation of Marivi Soliven’s novel, The Mango Bride.

The Filipino public has begun to read – and we are all the better for it.

The correct answer is: Comparison and Contrast

is a method of gathering data that aims to get the stand or opinion of a selected group of people regarding various issues, that will affect a society.

The correct answer is: Survey

The     must be inserted somewhere in the beginning to state the focus and the scope of all the ideas included in the paper.

The correct answer is: thesis statement

One important tip in writing a report is to avoid using     or terms that are widely unfamiliar to your readers.

The correct answer is: jargons

A      is an irregularity in the selection arising from the difference between the sample and the population that resulted from random sampling.

The correct answer is: sampling error

sampling is a method wherein the researcher may select for individual respondents through simple random or systematic random sampling from a chosen group.

The correct answer is: Cluster

True or False: The researcher may choose to reveal the specific details of his/her study to the interviewee to make him/her better understand what he/she'll participate in.

The correct answer is: False

used on a concept paper are usually based on theory, past research, experience and need. These will keep the writer on track to the goal, focusing mainly on the problem of the research.

The correct answer is: Research questions

True or False: The concept paper used for research acts as a proposal wherein it serves as a foundation for the whole research process.

The correct answer is: True

True or False: It is not important to name your figures in the presentation of findings. It is enough to describe them as accurately and objectively as possible.

The correct answer is: False

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

How they make pancakes in Osaka

by Elfren S. Cruz (August 4, 2016)

A marriage of a pancake and an omelet is a beautiful thing — two breakfast favorites grilled to juiciness and served piping hot.

In Japan, they call this delicious hybrid okonomiyaki, the “scrambled” version of which originated from Osaka. It is prepared like a pancake and served with okonomiyaki sauce, seaweed flakes, bonito flakes, Japanese mayo, and pickled ginger.

One of the original okonomiyaki restaurants in Osaka, Chibo Okonomiyaki, is now in Manila at S Maison in the newly opened Conrad Hotel. Okonomiyaki shops abound in Osaka, but Chibo is one of the oldest, dating back to 1973. They pride themselves on delivering the same original okonomiyaki taste consistently across all its branches around the world. Even visitors from Japan looking for something to eat that reminds them of home say that Chibo Okonomiyaki in Manila is up to their standards.

Imagine this: you are in a room (they call it the Presidential Room), engulfed in smoke while you watch the Chibo chef chop, toss, whisk, and press an okonomiyaki into shape, carefully creating a nice, thin crust. It resists your bite but the center — composed of anything you like, anything at all, because Chibo Okonomiyaki has a variant for all tastes — melts in your mouth.

Chef Akihiro, who is from Osaka and therefore versed in the art of creating these savory pancakes, creates several different dishes for us, while Kenji Komuro and David Guevarra, operations manager, share the dish’s origins and how they create the same okonomiyaki flavor in Manila. They bring most ingredients from Japan, while some they create. The batter and the sauce are key and must be consistent. As for what’s inside the pancake, their menu has more choices than you can handle.

Chef served us a really complex-looking one, topped with unsweetened meringue and a flattened crab crown — the Shirayukihime or “Snow White Princess,” an extra-soft okonomiyaki with prawn, bacon, pork, tomato, avocado and cheese. Kenji says it’s so pretty some guests like to order it during birthdays, in lieu of cake. Well, happy birthday to me. It’s delicious.

The correct answer is: Process Description

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

Should We Pay?

 

Many issues have been plaguing the sports world recently, especially the question of paying college athletes. Are athletics so important that colleges need to put out millions of dollars per year just to pay for students to play for them? Paying college athletes is like throwing a lit match into a haystack: once the fire is started, it just keeps burning, making a bad situation worse.

There are several differences between the haystack and paying athletes. To start,

throwing a needle in a haystack is a totally negative concept; everything will burn. However, with paying college athletes, some people can find reasons why this could be a positive thing. For instance, some believe paying athletes will bring more competition to the table and make some colleges much more prestigious than others. Others say this will bring in more money and more revenue. A second difference is the end of the situation. At the end of the fire, there is smoke and it will eventually put itself out. However, this is an issue that cannot extinguish itself. No matter what the verdict, someone is going to be unhappy and the "fire" will keep burning.

Despite these differences there are many similarities between the two. One similarity is the haystack going up in flames and the whole educational system going up. If we pay our college athletes the focus will be more on the money than on learning.

College is supposed to prepare a student for life's work through learning, not be life's work. College sports will also become more like professional sports- all about the money and less about the love of the sport. Related to this is the issue of scholarships. Are scholarships not enough pay for the student? And who decides how much money each player receives? Will it depend on how good the player is, what sport they play, what position they are?

Another similarity has to deal with going up in flames. By throwing one little lit match into that haystack, the whole thing goes up. Just by paying college athletes many other issues arise. Yes, paying athletes may bring in more revenue, but how much of that will actually go back to the college or institution? Another issue that comes up is the fairness to other students. Young athletes already receive many things that non- athletes do not. Not only do they have the opportunity to travel and stay overnight in the best hotels, they also get special treatments away from the sport. Some athletes may receive special attention from certain professors or even people throughout the town in which the college is located.

A third similarity between the burning haystack and paying athletes is the rate at which things will "burn". The haystack will burn fast, leaving nothing behind, and getting bigger and bigger as it goes. The same goes for this issue. Everyone wants to voice their own opinion about it, snowballing into a bigger and bigger issue. People will quickly become angry and quick to defend their side.

Paying college athletes is like throwing a lit match into a haystack: the educational system and other issues go up in flames and they will occur very quickly. I believe there are more problems with this idea than there are good things about it. I find nothing about it to be worth spending millions of dollars to pay students to play a game. They need to be worrying more about their studies. This issue will be burning for a long time.

The correct answer is: Analogy

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

What happens when a Youtube star writes a book

by Bong Osorio

Since the dawn of the Web and its many versions, numerous Internet sensations have come and gone, but only a few have sustained and continue to increase their following. One of them is Felix Kjellberg, popularly known by his Internet alias “PewDiePie.” He is a 20-something Swede who has lingered as YouTube’s biggest star since 2013, garnering over 40 million followers on his channel. This makes him the holder of the Guinness Book of World Records title for generating the most number of subscribers of all time. What’s more astounding about his fame is that his videos have been viewed over 10 billion times but he remains strange and nameless to most of his audience.

PewDiePie is a social media phenomenon whose popularity emanates from his one-of-a-kind approach to his video productions, which usually start off with a shrill declaration of his name before he slides into mocking, panicky reactions to various games and activities. At the end, he thanks his “bros” for tuning in. PewDiePie’s fans have multiplied swiftly and become more pervasive because instant communication facilitates increased word of mouth.

Following his social media success, PewDiePie ventured into book publishing and came up with This Book Loves You, now a New York Times bestseller that is poised to become an international sensation as well. The tome is an extremely imaginative pictorial collection of direction and advice manifested in gags and witticisms that lampoons Internet memes and passages. As he declared, it is a “parody on self-help books” and is “full of useful quotes.”

This Book Loves You serves up a lot of toilet humor and impassioned communication. The heftiest improprieties, though, are masked by intriguing visuals or cheeky figures, while still making the message quite apparent. The images are caricatures, executed mostly as cartoony patchworks, and are funny bordering on the ridiculous. Hostility is not a prevalent theme and the sexual content is manageable. The character of the opinions listed is ironic and satiric and projects the persona of the author and the tonality of the message he wants to convey.

What's the narrative?

The book — jokingly or seriously — was a byproduct of the author’s discovery of his “great wisdom,” or so it seems.  He claims that he needs to share it with a world that desperately needs to read it. His exasperation with the invariable quotes and memes cluttering social media pushed him to put together this “first-rate, highly flavored, and optimistic” book.

A fan pic on Twitter inspired him to counter those bothersome memes with his own take. “I turn these one-liners and quotes upside down by adding acerbic, smart-alecky, tongue-in-cheek punch lines and colorful, witty and sometimes irreverent visual supports,” says PewDiePie.

Millennials will surely get some laughs out of this paperback, which appears superficial and thoughtless on the surface but holds a certain charm for a specific audience. But knowing that millennials now number in the millions, who needs breadth and depth? Certainly not PewDiePie.

This Book Loves You provides a window into the wacky mind of one of YouTube’s best entertainers. Here are samples:

• “My favorite quote? It’s like being asked what my favorite child is. I don’t have a child.”

• “Money can’t buy you happiness; but it buys you all the things you don’t have, even friends. I feel sorry for poor people.”

• “Don’t be afraid to say how you feel, because no one is going to care anyway.”

• “If you can fight your way out of a situation, don’t. You’ll die.”

• “To fly, you must get rid of the things that weigh you down. This is why all your friends left you.”

• “Don’t sugarcoat everything… you’ll get diabetes.”

• “Impossible is nothing. Doing nothing is easy. So do nothing!”

• “You can’t watch YouTube in prison, so don’t kill anyone.”

• “Running out of money doesn’t count as exercise.”

• “Running away from problems won’t make you skinny.”

• “You can never fail if you never try. So why bother.”

• “You’re not bad, everyone else is just so much better.”

• “You can’t make everyone happy. So focus on making yourself happy so that maybe one day your happiness will evolve and eat everyone.”

• “Don’t listen to haters. Live your life the way you want to live it.”

• “Keep your friends close, but your enemies closer. Unless you don’t have any friends, then just sit in a corner and cry.”

• “Don’t worry about your problems. If you end up dead tomorrow, they’ll all be gone.”

• “Every second you’re closer to oblivion. No quote in the world is going to change that.”

• “If you can’t beat them, there’s still a good chance to annoy them.”

• “Change your life today, for the worse!”

• “Quotes are the most important thing in the universe, and you should always take them to heart.”

If you’re dedicated PewDiePie fan you might just love him enough to buy the book out of support for the phenomenon and his unusual, confusing and unique approach to book writing. But expecting anything beyond a momentary laugh might be asking too much.

The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

Federalism and Democracy

by Elfren S. Cruz (August 4, 2016)

Federalism is a form of government where there is a division of powers between the national government and the regional governments. Federalism is said to be particularly suited to democracies especially those with very large populations or large geographical territories.

It has also been noted that real federalism can exist only in a democracy. This is because an authoritarian government will always insist on centralizing powers through a unitary form of government. The second reason is that the separation of powers must be rooted in constitutionalism and the rule of law.

All organizations, whether in business or government, reach a certain point at which there must be a decentralization of powers if it wants to be more efficient. In a businesss organization, this decentralization comes in the form of creating regional offices and appointing regional heads. In a democracy, powers must be delegated to an elected body if there is to be credibility and popular support from the people. Here is how George Anderson of the Forum of Federations explains it:

“The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia were not true federations  during the period of Communist rule, even though they had federal constitutions. All real powers were centralized in the Communist Party.

The situation was more complex in Latin America. Brazil and Argentina had periods of military rule at the center, but sometimes allowed relatively free elections within their states or provinces – particularly during military rule; in Brazil, the states developed a key role in designing a constitution to end [military] rule. In Mexico, the Institutional Revolutionary Party [PRI] largely controlled elections for many years but over time its grip loosened, particularly in certain states.

Nigeria and Pakistan have had similar experiences of intermittent military rule and federal democracy. Thus, some undemocratic federations are clearly for show, but in others their federal structure might have some reality. Moreover, in all these countries, federal constitutional arrangements came to have real significance during the transition to democracy as previously subservient units were empowered . In the formerly communist countries, the federal structure played a role in their break up.”

Federalism and Constitution

A truly effective federal system must be based on a written constitution and the rule of law. The constitution must clearly define the distribution of powers between the national government and the regional government.

However, another component in the constitution must be the method for resolving conflicts over the legal powers of the national and the regional governments. A citizen cannot obey two contradictory laws. Normally, the legal conflicts can arise in the following ways:

• When there is a conflict between the laws of the national government and the regional governments, the central government’s laws are considered paramount. The only exceptions are those specifically provided by the constitution.

• Sometimes the national government and the regional government may pass laws that are in conflict. However, both sides may claim that their laws is derive from their powers. For example, the national government may have powers over internal trade but the regional government has powers over property. They may pass conflicting laws over these two areas. In such a case resolving the conflict requires determining which power – internal trade or property – is more relevant. The constitution must provide a method for interpreting relevant laws.

• There can also be times that there are no conflicts but a government or private party may object to law passed by another government on the grounds that the law goes beyond its powers.

• Sometimes, there are objections to a law on the grounds that it goes against a constitutionally established right.

A federal form of government requires a very strong and autonomous federal judiciary.  In almost all federal states, the judiciary – especially the Supreme Court – has the ultimate authority for resolving constitutional disputes.

In the United States, the appointment of Supreme Court Justices is a highly politicized and debated issue but no one questions the right of the Supreme  Court to be the final authority for deciding on constitutional issues. This is again another reason why federalism can succeed only in a democracy where the rule of law prevails and is accepted by all authorities – national and regional.

It is true that federalism cannot guarantee good governance any more than a unitary form of government. But the increase in worldwide attention to federalism is being driven by the spread of democracies and the increase in population in many developing countries. These two factors are leading to the demand for the devolution of powers to the areas outside the usual centers of powers.

In the Philippines, Metro Manila has always been the center of power. The electoral powers has always resided in the so called “ corridor” that stretches from Pangasinan to Quezon. It is not a coincidence that the economic power is also concentrated in this same corridor of power.

The devolution of power to the local government units is limited by the fact that these LGUs are too small to have any real powers; and, must remain dependent on the largesse of the central powers in Metro Manila.

The time has come to seriously consider how to allow the more equitable distribution of economic and political power from the center to the regions. We are not a small country. With a population of more than 100 million, federalism is the more effective form of government. Why regional governments?  Political power cannot be devolved to an appointive body. In a democracy, political power can only be devolved to an elected government. This is the reason for federalism.

The correct answer is: Definition

In the position paper at the beginning of the test, was the author in favor of the passage of the divorce law in the Philippines?

The correct answer is: Yes

is one rule in conducting surveys wherein the researcher must be aware of what information must be kept private and public.

The correct answer is: Confidentiality

The     gives the ideal timeframe for the whole process to serve as a guide for the researcher.

The correct answer is: timeline

One strength of survey is     that is shown by the ability to get a specific group of people to answer to a particular issue.

The correct answer is: generalizability

is an ethical principle in conducting a survey that reminds the researcher to respect the opinions and position of the respondents in a certain issue.

The correct answer is: Autonomy

is one rule in conducting surveys wherein the researcher must be aware of what information must be kept private and public.

The correct answer is: Confidentiality

True or False: It is not important to name your figures in the presentation of findings. It is enough to describe them as accurately and objectively as possible.

The correct answer is: False

The concept paper may include the        that the writer/researcher must answer during the course of the research.

The correct answer is: research questions

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

What happens when a Youtube star writes a book

by Bong Osorio

Since the dawn of the Web and its many versions, numerous Internet sensations have come and gone, but only a few have sustained and continue to increase their following. One of them is Felix Kjellberg, popularly known by his Internet alias “PewDiePie.” He is a 20-something Swede who has lingered as YouTube’s biggest star since 2013, garnering over 40 million followers on his channel. This makes him the holder of the Guinness Book of World Records title for generating the most number of subscribers of all time. What’s more astounding about his fame is that his videos have been viewed over 10 billion times but he remains strange and nameless to most of his audience.

PewDiePie is a social media phenomenon whose popularity emanates from his one-of-a-kind approach to his video productions, which usually start off with a shrill declaration of his name before he slides into mocking, panicky reactions to various games and activities. At the end, he thanks his “bros” for tuning in. PewDiePie’s fans have multiplied swiftly and become more pervasive because instant communication facilitates increased word of mouth.

Following his social media success, PewDiePie ventured into book publishing and came up with This Book Loves You, now a New York Times bestseller that is poised to become an international sensation as well. The tome is an extremely imaginative pictorial collection of direction and advice manifested in gags and witticisms that lampoons Internet memes and passages. As he declared, it is a “parody on self-help books” and is “full of useful quotes.”

This Book Loves You serves up a lot of toilet humor and impassioned communication. The heftiest improprieties, though, are masked by intriguing visuals or cheeky figures, while still making the message quite apparent. The images are caricatures, executed mostly as cartoony patchworks, and are funny bordering on the ridiculous. Hostility is not a prevalent theme and the sexual content is manageable. The character of the opinions listed is ironic and satiric and projects the persona of the author and the tonality of the message he wants to convey.

What's the narrative?

The book — jokingly or seriously — was a byproduct of the author’s discovery of his “great wisdom,” or so it seems.  He claims that he needs to share it with a world that desperately needs to read it. His exasperation with the invariable quotes and memes cluttering social media pushed him to put together this “first-rate, highly flavored, and optimistic” book.

A fan pic on Twitter inspired him to counter those bothersome memes with his own take. “I turn these one-liners and quotes upside down by adding acerbic, smart-alecky, tongue-in-cheek punch lines and colorful, witty and sometimes irreverent visual supports,” says PewDiePie.

Millennials will surely get some laughs out of this paperback, which appears superficial and thoughtless on the surface but holds a certain charm for a specific audience. But knowing that millennials now number in the millions, who needs breadth and depth? Certainly not PewDiePie.

This Book Loves You provides a window into the wacky mind of one of YouTube’s best entertainers. Here are samples:

• “My favorite quote? It’s like being asked what my favorite child is. I don’t have a child.”

• “Money can’t buy you happiness; but it buys you all the things you don’t have, even friends. I feel sorry for poor people.”

• “Don’t be afraid to say how you feel, because no one is going to care anyway.”

• “If you can fight your way out of a situation, don’t. You’ll die.”

• “To fly, you must get rid of the things that weigh you down. This is why all your friends left you.”

• “Don’t sugarcoat everything… you’ll get diabetes.”

• “Impossible is nothing. Doing nothing is easy. So do nothing!”

• “You can’t watch YouTube in prison, so don’t kill anyone.”

• “Running out of money doesn’t count as exercise.”

• “Running away from problems won’t make you skinny.”

• “You can never fail if you never try. So why bother.”

• “You’re not bad, everyone else is just so much better.”

• “You can’t make everyone happy. So focus on making yourself happy so that maybe one day your happiness will evolve and eat everyone.”

• “Don’t listen to haters. Live your life the way you want to live it.”

• “Keep your friends close, but your enemies closer. Unless you don’t have any friends, then just sit in a corner and cry.”

• “Don’t worry about your problems. If you end up dead tomorrow, they’ll all be gone.”

• “Every second you’re closer to oblivion. No quote in the world is going to change that.”

• “If you can’t beat them, there’s still a good chance to annoy them.”

• “Change your life today, for the worse!”

• “Quotes are the most important thing in the universe, and you should always take them to heart.”

If you’re dedicated PewDiePie fan you might just love him enough to buy the book out of support for the phenomenon and his unusual, confusing and unique approach to book writing. But expecting anything beyond a momentary laugh might be asking too much.

The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

Federalism and Democracy

by Elfren S. Cruz (August 4, 2016)

Federalism is a form of government where there is a division of powers between the national government and the regional governments. Federalism is said to be particularly suited to democracies especially those with very large populations or large geographical territories.

It has also been noted that real federalism can exist only in a democracy. This is because an authoritarian government will always insist on centralizing powers through a unitary form of government. The second reason is that the separation of powers must be rooted in constitutionalism and the rule of law.

All organizations, whether in business or government, reach a certain point at which there must be a decentralization of powers if it wants to be more efficient. In a businesss organization, this decentralization comes in the form of creating regional offices and appointing regional heads. In a democracy, powers must be delegated to an elected body if there is to be credibility and popular support from the people. Here is how George Anderson of the Forum of Federations explains it:

“The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia were not true federations  during the period of Communist rule, even though they had federal constitutions. All real powers were centralized in the Communist Party.

The situation was more complex in Latin America. Brazil and Argentina had periods of military rule at the center, but sometimes allowed relatively free elections within their states or provinces – particularly during military rule; in Brazil, the states developed a key role in designing a constitution to end [military] rule. In Mexico, the Institutional Revolutionary Party [PRI] largely controlled elections for many years but over time its grip loosened, particularly in certain states.

Nigeria and Pakistan have had similar experiences of intermittent military rule and federal democracy. Thus, some undemocratic federations are clearly for show, but in others their federal structure might have some reality. Moreover, in all these countries, federal constitutional arrangements came to have real significance during the transition to democracy as previously subservient units were empowered . In the formerly communist countries, the federal structure played a role in their break up.”

Federalism and Constitution

A truly effective federal system must be based on a written constitution and the rule of law. The constitution must clearly define the distribution of powers between the national government and the regional government.

However, another component in the constitution must be the method for resolving conflicts over the legal powers of the national and the regional governments. A citizen cannot obey two contradictory laws. Normally, the legal conflicts can arise in the following ways:

• When there is a conflict between the laws of the national government and the regional governments, the central government’s laws are considered paramount. The only exceptions are those specifically provided by the constitution.

• Sometimes the national government and the regional government may pass laws that are in conflict. However, both sides may claim that their laws is derive from their powers. For example, the national government may have powers over internal trade but the regional government has powers over property. They may pass conflicting laws over these two areas. In such a case resolving the conflict requires determining which power – internal trade or property – is more relevant. The constitution must provide a method for interpreting relevant laws.

• There can also be times that there are no conflicts but a government or private party may object to law passed by another government on the grounds that the law goes beyond its powers.

• Sometimes, there are objections to a law on the grounds that it goes against a constitutionally established right.

A federal form of government requires a very strong and autonomous federal judiciary.  In almost all federal states, the judiciary – especially the Supreme Court – has the ultimate authority for resolving constitutional disputes.

In the United States, the appointment of Supreme Court Justices is a highly politicized and debated issue but no one questions the right of the Supreme  Court to be the final authority for deciding on constitutional issues. This is again another reason why federalism can succeed only in a democracy where the rule of law prevails and is accepted by all authorities – national and regional.

It is true that federalism cannot guarantee good governance any more than a unitary form of government. But the increase in worldwide attention to federalism is being driven by the spread of democracies and the increase in population in many developing countries. These two factors are leading to the demand for the devolution of powers to the areas outside the usual centers of powers.

In the Philippines, Metro Manila has always been the center of power. The electoral powers has always resided in the so called “ corridor” that stretches from Pangasinan to Quezon. It is not a coincidence that the economic power is also concentrated in this same corridor of power.

The devolution of power to the local government units is limited by the fact that these LGUs are too small to have any real powers; and, must remain dependent on the largesse of the central powers in Metro Manila.

The time has come to seriously consider how to allow the more equitable distribution of economic and political power from the center to the regions. We are not a small country. With a population of more than 100 million, federalism is the more effective form of government. Why regional governments?  Political power cannot be devolved to an appointive body. In a democracy, political power can only be devolved to an elected government. This is the reason for federalism.

The correct answer is: Definition

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

 

How they make pancakes in Osaka

by Elfren S. Cruz (August 4, 2016)

A marriage of a pancake and an omelet is a beautiful thing — two breakfast favorites grilled to juiciness and served piping hot.

In Japan, they call this delicious hybrid okonomiyaki, the “scrambled” version of which originated from Osaka. It is prepared like a pancake and served with okonomiyaki sauce, seaweed flakes, bonito flakes, Japanese mayo, and pickled ginger.

One of the original okonomiyaki restaurants in Osaka, Chibo Okonomiyaki, is now in Manila at S Maison in the newly opened Conrad Hotel. Okonomiyaki shops abound in Osaka, but Chibo is one of the oldest, dating back to 1973. They pride themselves on delivering the same original okonomiyaki taste consistently across all its branches around the world. Even visitors from Japan looking for something to eat that reminds them of home say that Chibo Okonomiyaki in Manila is up to their standards.

Imagine this: you are in a room (they call it the Presidential Room), engulfed in smoke while you watch the Chibo chef chop, toss, whisk, and press an okonomiyaki into shape, carefully creating a nice, thin crust. It resists your bite but the center — composed of anything you like, anything at all, because Chibo Okonomiyaki has a variant for all tastes — melts in your mouth.

Chef Akihiro, who is from Osaka and therefore versed in the art of creating these savory pancakes, creates several different dishes for us, while Kenji Komuro and David Guevarra, operations manager, share the dish’s origins and how they create the same okonomiyaki flavor in Manila. They bring most ingredients from Japan, while some they create. The batter and the sauce are key and must be consistent. As for what’s inside the pancake, their menu has more choices than you can handle.

Chef served us a really complex-looking one, topped with unsweetened meringue and a flattened crab crown — the Shirayukihime or “Snow White Princess,” an extra-soft okonomiyaki with prawn, bacon, pork, tomato, avocado and cheese. Kenji says it’s so pretty some guests like to order it during birthdays, in lieu of cake. Well, happy birthday to me. It’s delicious.

The correct answer is: Process Description

The position paper must be written in the     point of view.

The correct answer is: first person

Question text

Which of the following is not a strategy in effectively analyzing gathered data for the research?

Select one:

a. What are the writer's reasons for his/her opinion?

b. Did the writer see objections or weaknesses in his/her own argument?

c. Did the writer explore the strengths and weaknesses of each side?

d. What do people think of the researcher's take on the topic? 

e. What are the various positions in the issue?

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The correct answer is: What do people think of the researcher's take on the topic?

Question text

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

What happens when a Youtube star writes a book

by Bong Osorio

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The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

Question text

True or False: The concept paper used for research acts as a proposal wherein it serves as a foundation for the whole research process.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: True

Question text

The recommendation provides suggestions for the improvement of the discussion that are "specific, achievable and Answer ."

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The correct answer is: measurable

Question text

The Answer must be inserted somewhere in the beginning to state the focus and the scope of all the ideas included in the paper.

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The correct answer is: thesis statement

Question text

True or False: The researcher may choose to reveal the specific details of his/her study to the interviewee to make him/her better understand what he/she'll participate in.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: False

Question text

One tip in writing a report is to know your Answer .

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The correct answer is: brief

Question text

A Answer is a working document that presents questions as well as the place and space for recording the answers.

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The correct answer is: questionnaire

Question text

Answer sampling is a method wherein the researcher may select for individual respondents through simple random or systematic random sampling from a chosen group.

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The correct answer is: Cluster

Question text

One important tip in writing a report is to avoid using Answer or terms that are widely unfamiliar to your readers.

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The correct answer is: jargons

Question text

In the position paper at the beginning of the test, was the author in favor of the passage of the divorce law in the Philippines?

Select one:

a. No

b. Yes 

c. The article did not say so

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The correct answer is: Yes

Question text

A Answer generally presents one side of an arguable opinion about an issue.

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The correct answer is: position paper

Question text

Answer is vital in helping your reader follow your points and ideas. Connect the ideas presented and how one argument relates to another.

Feedback

The correct answer is: Transition

Question text

True or False: Secondary sources are pieces of information which were already interpreted by someone other than the original author.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: True

Question text

A rule in conducting surveys that requires the researcher to commit to the promise of keeping confidential information strictly private.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: Fidelity

Question text

Answer sampling is a method in which the researcher himself chooses people who are qualified to respond to the objectives of his/her study.

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The correct answer is: Purposive

Question text

The Answer opens the report and gives a brief description of the problem or topic at hand.

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The correct answer is: introduction

Question text

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

The Decay of Friendship

from The Idler, Number 23, September 23, 1758

by Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

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The correct answer is: Cause and Effect

Question text

True or False: The telephone survey is the most convenient method of administering questionnaires to respondents as it does not require the physical presence of the researcher.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: False

Question text

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

21st Century Philippine Writing

by Danton Remoto (May 30, 2015)

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The correct answer is: Comparison and Contrast

Question text

Answer is an ethical principle in conducting a survey that reminds the researcher to respect the opinions and position of the respondents in a certain issue.

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The correct answer is: Autonomy

Question text

True or False: The non-probability sampling method utilizes random selection of respondents.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: False

Question text

True or False: The statement, "From interviews with students, we can gather that they are not directly affected..." is considered appropriate language of reporting results or findings.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: True

Question text

True or False: Non-probability sampling is effective because it eliminates the researcher's bias.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: False

Question text

True or False: Evaluative writing seeks to answer questions like "how are positions x and y similar and how do they differ?," "What is the relationship between the arguments for x and y?" and "how do philosophers A and B compare with respect to their thinking on P?"

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: False

Question text

Answer is a variable in a concept paper which gives the focus and purpose of the paper. The researcher introduces the concept at hand and its importance in this part.

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The correct answer is: Statement of the problem

Question text

True or False: The researcher must assume that the readers know the preliminary details about your research since they would not read it if they do not know what the topic is all about.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: False

Question text

True or False: It is important for the position paper to be persuasive.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: True

Question text

Answer plays an important part in writing a report as these are commonly written in sections with headings and sub-headings.

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The correct answer is: Outlining

Question text

Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

Should We Pay?

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The correct answer is: Analogy

Question text

A Answer is an irregularity in the selection arising from the difference between the sample and the population that resulted from random sampling.

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The correct answer is: sampling error

Question text

Answer is a method of gathering data that aims to get the stand or opinion of a selected group of people regarding various issues, that will affect a society.

Feedback

The correct answer is: Survey

Question text

A large group which the sample is selected from.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: Population

Question text

Answer questions are questions given by the researcher that suggests answers in a list, consequently limiting the responses of the interviewee.

Feedback

The correct answer is: Closed

Question text

An Answer is a question-and-answer activity between the researcher and the respondent for the purpose of knowing what the respondent thinks and feels about the subject of the research study.

Feedback

The correct answer is: interview

Question text

Answer is one method in administering questionnaires to respondents that is done by sending the questionnaire to the respondent through postal service.

Feedback

The correct answer is: self-administered questionnaire

Question text

In researching for materials for your position paper, remember to Answer unfamiliar terms/concepts.

Feedback

The correct answer is: define

Question text

It is recommended that the abstract be written Answer because by then, you'd know what points to highlight and what details to omit.

Feedback

The correct answer is: last

Question text

According to the article, which of the following is not the duty of a husband in a marriage?

Select one:

a. provide the family with the basic amenities such as food, clothing and shelter

b. support the wife

c. render services in the home 

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The correct answer is: render services in the home

Question text

Answer questions are basically data that contain single words or phrases that can be consolidated to allow for spelling and/or other minor variations.

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The correct answer is: Short answer

Question text

True or False: The position paper may present two stands/arguments on one topic at the most.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: False

Question text

True or False: Concept paper may take a stand on the discussed topic.

Answer: 

Feedback

The correct answer is: False

Question text

The results of the data gathering must be Answer : it must be based on actual data gathered and not swayed or altered by any biased comment or slant.

Feedback

The correct answer is: objective

Question text

Answer used on a concept paper are usually based on theory, past research, experience and need. These will keep the writer on track to the goal, focusing mainly on the problem of the research.

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The correct answer is: Research questions

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Answer sampling is a type of non-probability sampling which considers the convenience for the researcher as he or she can choose subjects from people near him or her who are willing to be respondents for the study.

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The correct answer is: Availability

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The writer is aware of the dire consequences of divorce. But which of the following is not an advantage in passing the divorce law in the Philippines?

Select one:

a. The passing of the divorce law will encourage more to speak up in face of a difficult marriage and have it as an easy escape 

b. The passing of the divorce law will reflect a progressive Philippines, free from the hold of religion and tradition

c. The passing of the divorce law will protect battered wives or husbands from their abusive partners

d. The passing of the divorce law will deviate the existing sexual hierarchy and the presumed dominance of the male spouse in the family

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The correct answer is: The passing of the divorce law will encourage more to speak up in face of a difficult marriage and have it as an easy escape

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The Answer section shows the findings of the research done by the researcher by following the methods.

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The correct answer is: results

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Identify whether the technique used in writing the following passage is Classification, Cause and Effect, Comparison and Contrast, Analogy, Definition, Persuasion, Process Description, or Interpretation. 

The State of Pinoy Pop: 2016

by Ian Uruttia

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The correct answer is: Classification

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True or False: You may quote anyone as a supporting evidence or fact to your research/study.

Answer: 

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The correct answer is: False

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Answer sampling is a method that is suited for a population that can be divided into non-overlapping groups in the analysis of data.

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The correct answer is: Stratified